Social and environmental policies comparison: United States And China - Research Paper Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Political institutions have a direct bearing on various policy matters in any state. Social and environmental policies are directly related to political philosophies and priorities. The implementation of policies is also a direct function of political will…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.3% of users find it useful
Social and environmental policies comparison: United States And China
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Social and environmental policies comparison: United States And China"

Download file to see previous pages There are myriad differences in the various social and environmental policies in use in the United States and China. The political systems in either country are also differentiated in many respects. This text will attempt to analyse major social and environmental policies implemented in both countries and will analyse them in respect of the political institutions and political systems at work. These policies include the social control of both governments, the governments’ response to social concerns and the commitment of each nation to dealing with environmental concerns. Before policies are directly referred to, the political systems of both countries will be delineated briefly to aid the comparison. Chinese politics are conducted through a single party socialist republic framework while the political structure of the United States of America is a federal constitutional republic. The constitution of China delineates the leadership of the Communist Party but there is no such provision in the constitution of the United States. Instead in the American system the layout of the federal government is delineated through the constitution. The president is the head of the state and the head of the government in both the United States and China. The American system of governance has distributed powers within the president, the Congress and the judiciary in order to maintain a balance of power. On the other hand, the power structure for governance in China is exercised through the Communist Party, through Central People’s Government as well as their local and regional counterparts. However, the federal and state governments in the United States are distinct and independent of each other in some respects yet the federal government shares it sovereignty with the state governments. In China, county level People’s Congress members are elected by voting. These members in turn oversee local government and elect members of the corresponding provincial or municipal People’s Congress. The members of the Provincial People’s Congress further elect members of the National People’s Congress which holds an annual session at Beijing. (China Internet Information Centre) In contrast everyone is allowed to vote freely in the United States to choose most officials in government. The Communist Party plays a pivotal role in selecting fitting candidates to be elected to local congresses and to higher levels in government in China. The parties in United States choose their candidates for election too but independent candidates may stand for election too unlike China where the candidate must be somehow affiliated to the Communist Party. The political system of the United States and China are distinct because of a few issues. The upper house of the legislature, the Congress has increased powers in the United States while the Supreme Court has a wide scope of powers than most other nations. In comparison China has the legislature and the judiciary subservient to the Communist Party in large part. Moreover, the legislature and the executive are well separated in the United States which is not the case in China. Another interesting feature is that only two large political parties exist and dominate the political scene in the United States while only one large and dominant party exists in the Chinese political scenario. (Bowman and Kearney) Political Parties The political scene in the United States is dominated by two traditional political parties that are the Republicans and the Democrats while the Communist Party of China has some 80 million members and it dominates both politics and governance. (Communist Party of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Social and environmental policies comparison: United States And China Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved de
(Social and Environmental Policies Comparison: United States And China Research Paper)
“Social and Environmental Policies Comparison: United States And China Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
jaida11 added comment 5 months ago
Student rated this paper as
I didn’t know how to start my document. "Social and environmental policies comparison: United States And China." helped me out a lot! Especially the list of first sentence was valuable.
United States trade conflict with China
...? UNITED S TRADE CONFLICT WITH CHINA UNITED S TRADE CONFLICT WITH CHINA Introduction The international relation between the People’s Republic of China and the United States of America is often referred to as Sino-American relations. Since the beginning of the cold war to date, the relation between the two countries has been pretty cyclical. In fact, many analysts find the relationship not only complex, but also multi-faceted. The two countries cannot be considered enemies by any standards, but yoking them as allies could also be questioned. For a long time, the two countries have had a stable relationship. However, this...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
Environmental Policies
...?Environmental Policies Essay Factors Effecting the Effectiveness of Environmental Law: Air and Water Environmental laws are founded on policies. In the modern era there are a number of possible policies that influence lawmakers. The main policies are sustainable development, the avoidance of eminent environmental collapse, developing a new society through environmentalism and animal liberation. The degree to which each or any of these policies will shape the law will depend on the extent of environmental damages in a particular area. Even so, sustainable...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
United States social welfare programs not a private institution. It is welfare program of the US government. The program is not universal because not all the citizens of the United States can avail of the program. Several categorical, residential, income and nutrition risk requirements must be met by the applicants. The applicants who are eligible for the program are pregnant women, breastfeeding women who have had a baby in the last 12 months, women who have had a baby in the last six months, infants and children up to five years of age. Applicants must also live in the State in which they apply. They must have an income at or below an income level or standard set by the State agency. The benefits are...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Retail Industry Comparison of China and United States
...from the provincial and municipal authorities (Zhen, 2007). The retailing sector of China is highly fragmented accommodating both medium sized and small retailers. This is different with the United States that have a dominating presence of big retailers. This is because of the barriers local market access. China does however brag of a wide range of retail formats. Department stores are one of the earliest formats of retail outlets. They were very popular before but they are now facing competition and fighting to stay ahead. Examples of department stores in China are Parkson, Beijing Cuiwei, Golden Eagle, and Shenzhen Suibao. Another retail outlet format...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Environmental policies
...of literature on the environmental policies of China. From the state of the nation's soils and water supplies, to the examination of how China's environmental policies have attracted investments in their laxness, to aspects of policy relating to the environment versus the rise of cities, it is clear from the academic research that the concern over the environment in China is intense and far-reaching (Wei and Yang; Dean, Lovely and Wang; Vennemo et al.. Hubacek et al.). The consensus, even inside China and among China's ruling elite, is that current...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Environmental policies
...? Global Warming Global Warming The world has experienced a number of challenges overtime. From human beings activities such as warsthat have ravaged a big demography in the world to natural calamities such as pollution and environmental degradation that has contributed to the productive activities of human beings across the world. Although such activities have had a huge impact on the planet, one major challenge that currently faces the world is the challenge posed by global warming. Global warming is a phrase that has become popular to many people across the world. In this case, the issue has become a key environmental issue that has necessitated the response of the highest levels of government to find...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
China and United States
...HERE HERE YOUR HERE HERE China and the United s The United s has several competitive advantages over China in terms of industry. Where China has less-costly labor, the United States maintains a much wider percentage of middle class workers with higher educational credentials. The competitive advantage in this situation is that United States businesses will have much better human capital to help support industry growth, therefore assisting the economy through further jobs development and job skills training. There are also much larger infrastructure improvements in the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
United States-Centric Views Comparison
...United s-Centric Views Comparison Generally, United s-centric viewpoints on different groups like Muslim and Arab American and Christian American groups are similar in some aspects and dissimilar in some other aspects. So, I filled the table 1 (see appendix-1) and asked my friend to complete another table, i.e. table-2 (see appendix-2). The common United States-centric viewpoints on the foretold groups, based on my opinion and my friend’s opinion are summarized below. Summary: compare and contrast A. Similarities Christian American Almost all of my opinions on Christian Americans are similar to my friend’s (see appendix 1 and 2). For instance,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
The United States and China
...The United s and China China is slowly overtaking the United s economically and technologically. It is a bit complicated for many given that the U.S. has been the leading country for many years. Just recently, reports by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), revealed that China is the leading economy in the world, followed by the United States. Never before had the U.S. been defeated, of course, since it took over after the Second World War, in the year 1945. The U.S. was doing so well, even in the event of the Cold War. Its economy was much better than any other. This pushed America to the top. Although Americas is a...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Environmental Law Court: United States v Bestfoods
... I.United States v. Bestfoods II. The United States Supreme Court III. United States federal government, specifically the Environmental Protection Agency (plaintiff) v. BestFoods Inc., CPC, Ott. IV. March 24, 1998 – June 8, 1998. V. The legal issue is whether a parent company can be held wholly liable for the actions of a subsidiary under CERCLA, even if the corporate veil has not been breached; or, as the Court put it, “May a parent corporation that actively participated in, and exercised control over, the operations of a subsidiary, without more, be held liable under CERCLA Section 107(a)(2) as an operator of a polluting facility owned or operated by the subsidiary?” VI. A succession of companies, beginning with Ott Chemical Co... , so...
2 Pages(500 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Social and environmental policies comparison: United States And China for FREE!
Contact Us