Nobody downloaded yet

Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The paper provides detailed information about resistant hypertension which is not cured even with intensive pharmacotherapy. Effective methods of treating the disease are considered. Those are a sympathetic renal denervation and activation of the baroreceptors at the parotid region…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.5% of users find it useful
Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation"

Download file to see previous pages Hypertension is a common problem worldwide and is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity. It is associated with several complications like cardiovascular disease, stroke, retinopathy, and renal dysfunction. Elevated blood pressure which has been uncontrolled for a prolonged duration of time can lead to many changes in the structure, blood vessels and the conducting system of the heart. These changes can lead to the development of various conditions of the heart such as coronary artery disease, left ventricular hypertrophy, cardiac arrhythmias, and congestive heart failure. The pathophysiology of hypertensive heart disease is a complex interplay of various structural, neuroendocrine, hemodynamic, molecular and cellular factors (Riaz, 2007). These factors not only have a role in the development of hypertensive heart disease, they also are modulated by elevated blood pressure (Riaz, 2007). Persistent elevation of BP has adverse effects on the cardiac function and structure due to increased afterload and also due to vascular and neurohormonal changes (Riaz, 2007). Several medications and strategies have been developed to decrease blood pressure in patients with hypertension and despite these measures; hypertension continues to be a challenge for some patients. Hypertension not responding to routine medical treatment has been categorized as resistant hypertension. Resistant hypertension can be defined as that blood pressure that is above the estimated goal for the age and gender of the patient, despite concurrent use of at least 3 antihypertensive drugs of different mechanism of action, i.e., different classes of antihypertensive agents. Ideally, one of the antihypertensive agents should be a diuretic and optimal doses of the agents must be prescribed. Such a stringent definition is necessary to identify patients whose hypertension can be controlled by revising pharmacological treatment and also in whom identifiable causes of hypertension exist which when treated can reverse the need for high doses of antihypertensives. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation Research Paper”, n.d.)
Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation Research Paper. Retrieved from
(Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation Research Paper)
Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation Research Paper.
“Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation


...resistance, high alcohol intake, sedentary life styles are also major risk factors (Carretero & Oparil 2000). Studies have also indicated a genetic predisposition affecting vulnerability to hypertension, but further studies are required to understand this aspect of the disease (Lloyd-Jones & Levy 2007). Symptoms The only consistent symptom of hypertension is elevated BP exclusively. Renal and cardiovascular problems associated with hypertension develop while the individual is ignorant of being hypertensive. Certain symptoms associated with extreme rise in BP include severe headache along with or without nausea or vomiting, confusion,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...? Hypertension s Hypertension is also referred to as high blood pressure. The condition has no symptoms and the major concern is that individuals who are having it remain unaware until the damage has occurred to the blood vessels. Hypertension can be normalized through various ways. For instance, having a healthy lifestyle can greatly help mitigate the advent of hypertension. Healthy life styles that can help reduce the condition include recreation, rest, low salt intake, proper diet, enrolling in an exercise program and minimizing on alcohol intake. Alternatively, there are anti-hypertensive’s drugs to normalize blood pressure levels. It’s very important...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper


...such as alcohol abuse, atherosclerosis, chronic kidney diseases, endocrine disorder, medications, and renal artery stenosis. Malignant hypertension is a condition that arises as a result of dangerously high blood pressure. Symptoms of hypertension Although in most times no specific indications are visible, the common symptoms include confusion, headache, fatigue, irregular heartbeat, nosebleed, vision changes, and buzzing. Tests and treatments Blood pressure checking must be repeated frequently in order to diagnose hypertension. In addition, the physician may also suggest blood tests, echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, ultrasound of kidneys, and urinalysis in order to...
2 Pages(500 words)Book Report/Review


...). The renal Angiotensin system is considered as the most important system that controls the blood pressure, and plays a major role in hypertension. The renin is secreted by the kidney and this only converts the Angiotensinogen in to Angiotensin I, which is physically inactive. (Vandevoorde and Mitsnefes 2011). Angiotensin I is converted in to the active compound Angiotensin II by the Angiotensin converting enzyme. The Angiotensin II formed is responsible for the increase in the blood pressure of the cells. It also stimulates aldosterone release from the adrenal gland’s zona glomerulosa. If the Renin-Angiotensin system is not proper then the rise in blood pressure is significant. (Shils...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment


...Essay 2 – Renal (Human Physiology and Anatomy) Introduction: The kidneys represent important organs in the body of human beings. It has the responsibility of urine preparation, thereby allowing toxic substances and water to get removed from the body. Thus the primary roles of kidneys in the body include removal of metabolic products and deadly substances from the body, upholding the concentration of electrolyte in the body, and taking the responsibility of circulation and formation of blood with the production of substances of renin and erythropoietin that are hormone like products in the body (Faller et al, 2004, p.442). The present study focuses on the various functions of kidney, the anatomy of the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay


...The renal system represents the body’s plumbing system as it eliminates wastes and helps secure homeostasis. Its primary functioning parts include the nephrons which help manage the filtration system of the body. The kidneys are also part of the endocrine system and assists in the management of blood pressure. The two types of dialysis include the peritoneal and the hemodialysis. The peritoneal dialysis uses the peritoneal cavity in the filtration process whereas in hemodialysis, the filtration process occurs through the dialysis machine. Both methods are beneficial for patients and depending on recommendations of medical practitioners, the appropriate method of dialysis can be used for the patient....
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Hypertension an advanced degree, the desease may be connected to a higher level, hypertension may be associated to a higher discharge of catecholamines, like norepinephrine and epinephrine, which raises blood pressure (Burt et al, 1995). Some experts feel that hypertension could be caused by a lack of natriuretic factor that is a hormone generated by the heart making arteries to stay in a condition of sustained vasoconstriction. In spite of of whether an individual has primary or secondary high blood pressure, the same kinds of organ injury and complications happen. Hypertension makes the heart to propel against much resistance, increasing its pressure. The volume of the heart...
16 Pages(4000 words)Research Paper


...with essential hypertension. References Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2013, October). E-health blood pressure control program shows positive preliminary results: Health Information Technology. Retrieved 20 October 2013 from American Heart Association. (2012, April 4). High blood pressure. Retrieved 20 October 2013 from American Society for Hypertension. (2013). Translating hypertension research into effective treatments for patients. Retrieved 20 October 2013 from Kaplan, N., & Weber, M. A.(2010). Hypertension essentials (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. (2012,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Role of Nursing in Hypertension utilizing this asset to better address the global issue of hypertension. Hypertension can not be simply prevented by screening alone, but if it is done so with proper medical care and follow up, and with good education and awareness, the results can be very benefiting. References Adelman RD: Obesity and renal disease. Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens 11: 331-335, 2002 Anne Bengtson, The Nurse's Role and Skills in Hypertension Care. 2003. Site last accessed on December 29th, 2006. Complications of hypertension, 2006. Site last accessed on December 29th, 2006...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment


...HYPERTENSION SUBMITTED T0- SUBMITTED BY- Hypertension Healthy living has a large variety benefits that have been espoused by all. It is vital to leada good life. There are a lot of advantages of dieting and eating the proper food. This hypertension assignment has helped me in comprehending the affects of a good lifestyle coupled with the intake of nutrients in the right mix. It has given me a lot of data regarding the ingesting of sodium and potassium in right proportions. This strategy can be applied in the form of DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension). It primarily focuses on decreasing the consumption of salt. The DASH eating plan tends to also regulate the...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation for FREE!

Contact Us