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Hypertension - Essay Example

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Hypertension is often known as "high blood pressure", it is a medical condition in which the blood pressure is chronically elevated in the sense that is always above normal. We will define what is normal at a later stage in this essay it was previously referred to as arterial hypertension, but in current usage, the word "hypertension" without a qualifier normally refers to arterial hypertension.1 Hypertension can be classified as either primary or secondary…
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Download file to see previous pages... This is not a condition which can be treated lightly. If you have Hypertension, you have to get it treated. You ignore it only at your peril.
Doctors think that many things combine to cause Hypertension2. Hypertension can be caused by other illnesses and it is often cured once the original medical problem is cured Essential hypertension indicates that no specific medical cause can be found to explain a patient's condition and the symptoms just show chronically high blood pressure. Secondary hypertension indicates that the high blood pressure is a result of another condition, such as kidney disease or tumors, Being overweight, drinking too much alcohol, and eating too much salt, stress ,genetics, older age, family history of high blood pressure , chronic kidney disease and adrenal and thyroid disorders are risk factors because they raise your risk of having hypertension. They do not cause it directly but they can contribute to it and if not watched can aggravate it.. It is interesting to know, that while you cannot accuse a disease of being racist or sexist, if you are an African American you are more likely to get Hypertension. If you are a pregnant woman you are again more susceptible to it. These are things which can't be ignored and many times these risk factors can add up and can be even more dangerous. A pregnant African American woman may need to look at the possibility of hypertension with that much more care.
Now it does not mean that if you have any of these you are likely to get hypertension and that if you have none of these, that you won't get hypertension. It just means that if you have any of the above risk factors, you should make an effort to take precautions.
Statistics on Hypertension
The number of people suffering from Hypertension in the United States is staggering. In reports given by the department of Health, the percent of non-institutionalized adults ages 20 and over is 29% (2001-2004)3. That is more than one out of every four adults has Hypertension. This is a staggering number. And this is not some benign number either. This is a number which directly translates into fatalities. The number of deaths in 2004 was 23,076. In other words deaths per 100,000 populations are 7.9. These are real and frightening numbers.

Symptoms of Hypertension
Now, how would one know if they have hypertension There are usually no symptoms or signs of hypertension. In fact, nearly one-third of those who have it don't know it. The only way to know if you have hypertension definitely is to have your blood pressure checked regularly. If your blood pressure is extremely high, there may be certain symptoms to look out for, including, Severe headache , Fatigue or confusion , Vision problems , Chest pain , difficulty breathing , Irregular heartbeat Blood in the urine .
People often think that High Blood Pressure is dangerous and while very often it is true, we deal with high blood pressure constantly on a daily basis. Blood pressure goes up in all people during periods of stress or exercise. But avoiding stress will not prevent high blood pressure. You can have High Blood Pressure even though you are usually a calm, relaxed person. High Blood pressure is fairly common and that is precisely why, everyone ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Normal levels of BP defined by Joint National Committee 7 (JNC 7) state values of 120 mm of Hg and 80 mm of Hg for systolic and diastolic respectively (Chobanian et al. 2003). The American Heart Association (AHA) defines hypertension as systolic and diastolic BP higher than 140 and 90 mm of Hg respectively (Carretero & Oparil 2000).
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Hypertension in minorities
The African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans are more susceptible to diseases than others. They are comparatively more vulnerable to chronic diseases than the whites. This ill-privileged group has high mortality rate and negative health outcomes.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Secondary hypertension is caused by the presence of another disease condition and this account about 5 to 10% of the total patients. (Cheriyan, McEniery and Wilkinson 2010). Primary hypertension is predominant among the people (about 95%) and secondary hypertension is found only in 5% of the hypertensive patients.
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
Hypertension is a symptomless condition, though the below could indirectly point towards the condition: a. Blood spots observed in the eyes b. Dizziness c. Facial flushing (www.heart.org) B. The Main Causes of Hypertension The principle causes include genetics and lifestyle (www.heart.org).
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Arterial Hypertension
The medical fraternity and nurses in particular can effectively contribute towards patient care through proper clinical interventions and lifestyle changes that would promote the health of the patients. Nurses play a key role in the diagnosis, treatment, intervention and prevention of arterial hypertension in patients.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Renovascular Hypertension
This salt and water retention in turn raise the body's blood pressure resulting in hypertension (diastolic pressure above 104) (Renovascular Hypertension 2006) Renovascular hypertension is termed secondary hypertension as it is caused by the activity in an isolated part of the body.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Pulmonary Hypertension
However, with new technologies and innovations in treatment, survival rates for these patients have improved (CDC, 2009). The normal pulmonary artery pressure is at 14 mmHg and in periods of heavy activity like exercise and distention of pulmonary
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay
Women's health issue -hypertension
Women often do not have enough education about the dangers of hypertension and they do not understand when they are having signs that something may be wrong. Because women are not informed about hypertension, they may assume that doctors will
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
As such, hypertension is of two kinds: Essential Hypertension and Secondary Hypertension. Most cases of hypertension fall in the category of essential hypertension because no specific cause of patients condition of hypertension is found in this category. The
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Hypertension is a huge problem in the USA the world general. The number of recorded deaths that were related to hypertension in 2011 in the USA was 27,853 (Deaths: Final Data for 2011, 2011). Hypertension cases are grouped into two: primary hypertension and secondary
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
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