The blood pressure is highest when the heart pumps blood. When the heart relaxes, the pressure is lowest. The pressure, during rest is referred to as diastolic pressure. When pumping, the pressure is called systolic…
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Secondary hypertension is caused due to other medical conditions. Such conditions include kidney disorders, Cushing’s syndrome, thyroid gland disorders, pregnancy and tumors of the adrenal and pituitary glands. Primary hypertension is caused due to the risk factors that are associated with it. The risk factors include age, gender, obesity and an inactive lifestyle (The MedicalDictionary.com, 2014).
In adults, normal blood pressure is described as level
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Normal levels of BP defined by Joint National Committee 7 (JNC 7) state values of 120 mm of Hg and 80 mm of Hg for systolic and diastolic respectively (Chobanian et al. 2003). The American Heart Association (AHA) defines hypertension as systolic and diastolic BP higher than 140 and 90 mm of Hg respectively (Carretero & Oparil 2000).
Blood pressure is considered abnormally high if it exceeds the normal level of 120/80. The 120 represents the systolic/peak measurement of blood pressure while the 80 stands for the diastolic/minimum blood pressure measurement in the arteries. If the blood pressure falls in the 120/80-139/89, a person is said to be in a pre-hypertension state, implying an increased risk of developing hypertension.
The African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans are more susceptible to diseases than others. They are comparatively more vulnerable to chronic diseases than the whites. This ill-privileged group has high mortality rate and negative health outcomes.
Hypertension is a symptomless condition, though the below could indirectly point towards the condition: a. Blood spots observed in the eyes b. Dizziness c. Facial flushing (www.heart.org) B. The Main Causes of Hypertension The principle causes include genetics and lifestyle (www.heart.org).
The medical fraternity and nurses in particular can effectively contribute towards patient care through proper clinical interventions and lifestyle changes that would promote the health of the patients. Nurses play a key role in the diagnosis, treatment, intervention and prevention of arterial hypertension in patients.
Hypertension is dangerous. Even moderate elevation of arterial blood pressure leads to shortened life expectancy. At severely high pressures, defined as mean arterial pressures 50% or more above average, a person can expect to live no more than a few years unless appropriately treated.
This salt and water retention in turn raise the body's blood pressure resulting in hypertension (diastolic pressure above 104) (Renovascular Hypertension 2006) Renovascular hypertension is termed secondary hypertension as it is caused by the activity in an isolated part of the body.
However, with new technologies and innovations in treatment, survival rates for these patients have improved (CDC, 2009).
The normal pulmonary artery pressure is at 14 mmHg and in periods of heavy activity like exercise and distention of pulmonary
Women often do not have enough education about the dangers of hypertension and they do not understand when they are having signs that something may be wrong.
Because women are not informed about hypertension, they may assume that doctors will
As such, hypertension is of two kinds: Essential Hypertension and Secondary Hypertension. Most cases of hypertension fall in the category of essential hypertension because no specific cause of patients condition of hypertension is found in this category. The
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