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Hypertension - Essay Example

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The blood pressure is highest when the heart pumps blood. When the heart relaxes, the pressure is lowest. The pressure, during rest is referred to as diastolic pressure. When pumping, the pressure is called systolic…
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Download file to see previous pages Secondary hypertension is caused due to other medical conditions. Such conditions include kidney disorders, Cushing’s syndrome, thyroid gland disorders, pregnancy and tumors of the adrenal and pituitary glands. Primary hypertension is caused due to the risk factors that are associated with it. The risk factors include age, gender, obesity and an inactive lifestyle (The, 2014).
In adults, normal blood pressure is described as level ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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...?Hypertension Introduction Hypertension, or high blood pressure (BP), has been variously defined over the years with advances in the understanding ofthe etiology and pathophysiology of the condition. Blood pressure specifically refers to arterial blood pressure levels, with optimal levels being those that lead to minimal vascular damage. Normal levels of BP defined by Joint National Committee 7 (JNC 7) state values of 120 mm of Hg and 80 mm of Hg for systolic and diastolic respectively (Chobanian et al. 2003). The American Heart Association (AHA) defines hypertension as systolic and diastolic BP higher than 140 and 90 mm of Hg respectively (Carretero & Oparil 2000). BP related health...
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