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Functional Assessment in the Middle Years - a Hypertensive Cardiovascular Disease - Case Study Example

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This research "Functional Assessment in the Middle Years - a Hypertensive Cardiovascular Disease" examines the cardiovascular disease is one of Australia’s largest health problems. It is the leading cause of death in this country accounting for 34% of all deaths in Australia in 2006. …
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Functional Assessment in the Middle Years - a Hypertensive Cardiovascular Disease
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Download file to see previous pages A risk factor is a range of non-modifiable and modifiable health-related behaviours and biomedical conditions that can affect the health of an individual in a negative way (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2004, p.64). Major risk factors for cardiovascular problems, in addition to hypertension, include smoking, dyslipidemia or blood cholesterol levels, diabetes mellitus, impaired renal function, obesity, physical inactivity, age, and family history of cardiovascular disease (Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle & Cheever, 2008, p.1023). Apart from medical treatment, lifestyle modification program is also an important aspect of managing HCVD cases. According to Shepard (2010, p.3), lifestyle modification programs are long-term changes in the individual’s lifestyle in order to decrease the incidence and progression of heart disease through a variety of interventions designed to reduce modifiable risk factors. These may include exercise, nutrition, stress management, psychological counselling, education, and social support components, although the specific interventions may vary by program (Shepard, 2010, p.3)
This case study is about functional health assessment conducted to a middle-adult female medically diagnosed to have the hypertensive cardiovascular disease. The assessment was done base on Gordon’s functional health patterns (FHP) to establish a comprehensive nursing database. According to Daniels (2004, p.63), FHP is a systematic holistic approach to evaluate all areas of human needs, recognizing that the needs are interdependent. FHP is categorized into 11 patterns of functioning including: health perception and health management; nutritional and metabolic; elimination; activity and exercise; sexuality and reproductive; sleep and rest; sensory and perceptual; cognitive; role and relationship; self-perceptual and self-concept; coping and stress; and values and beliefs (Jester, 2007, p.162). It is important for the nurse to assess the client’s functional health patterns because alterations in health can affect any of these areas, and alterations in functional health patterns, in turn, affect health.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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