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Substitute for Animal Testing - Case Study Example

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Every day thousands of people worldwide are treated for dreadful diseases. We overlook the fact that this bliss of medical treatment has been made available after long term animal testing. Despite these overwhelming benefits, some people are against animal testing…
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Download file to see previous pages While, some people are of opinion that animal experiments are acceptable if suffering is diminished and such human benefits are obtained which alternate methods could not provide. As long as our family and friends are healthy, it is hard for us to comprehend why animals are sacrificed in the name of medical research. It makes sense only when someone very close to us gets inflicted by a life threatening disease. At that point of time we do not hesitate to accept the same life saving medication that had been developed after exterminating a number of many animals. In my opinion it is not possible to develop drugs or execute important scientific investigations without animal research.
In the 1880s, Louis Pasteur demonstrated the germ theory of medicine by inducing anthrax in sheep (Mock & Fouet, 2001). In the 1890s, Ivan Pavlov described the classical conditioning theory in dogs (Windholz, 1987). In 1922 Insulin was isolated from dogs (Gorden, 1997) for the first time. Laika, the Russian dog, became the first animal to orbit the earth on November 3, 1957. The vaccines for leprosy and antibiotic treatment were discovered in 1970s by using armadillos (Walgate, 1981). This was followed by the birth of the first cloned mammal Dolly, ( al., 1997) the sheep in 1996.Thus it would not be wrong to state that the progress in medical science has occurred because of animal experimentation. ...
plants, open heart surgery technique, in-vitro fertilization, effective insulin, cancer cure, HIV drugs, reproductive medicines, hormone replacement therapy, vaccines ('animal-testing-pros', n.d) for Herpes Simplex, Hepatitis B, Polio, rabies, malaria, mumps and virus related to organ transplantation rejection, came to fruition after rigorous animal research. Animal testing has assisted in refining the technique of anesthesia and measuring blood pressure and pacemaker technology ('animal-testing-pros', n.d). There is enough evidence in support of successful animal testing but opponents of animal testing still claim that the results of animal testing can not be extrapolated to humans. Although, animals do not have the exact physiology as humans but are suitable enough to test the safety and efficacy of a substance. Moreover, animal experiments are also carried out to develop veterinary medicines. Research on animals has saved the lives of many dogs by the discovering the medication for 'Heart worm' ('animal-testing-pros', n.d). As a matter of fact, in order to make advances in the field of medicines, animal testing is a requisite. Restraining animal testing will diminish the scope of eliminating suffering and diseases both humans and animals.
2. The alternate methods are not acceptable enough to predict the fate of drugs in human body.
Those against animal testing, advocate that the alternate methods of computer modeling and human cell cultures. However, computer models cannot predict the unknown variables that can occur while the drug is being tested in human. The cell cultures can only tell whether a molecule is efficacious or toxic at cellular level. The whole organism is so complex that a drug which was effective and nontoxic in-vitro may turn out to be ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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