Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Lung Cancer - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Lungs are part of the respiratory system whose function is to supply oxygenated blood while removing carbon dioxide. Lung cancer has become the leading cause of cancer death in today's world yet majority of the lung cancer cases are highly preventable. It is common for those who are engaged in cigarette smoking, as smoking tobacco products in any form is the major cause of lung cancer…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.5% of users find it useful
Lung Cancer
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Lung Cancer"

Download file to see previous pages Free radicals can damage the basic structure of cells and thus lead to chronic disease like cancer. (Wellness Guide to dietary supplements, Beta Carotene, Brown, and FDA Consumer, Waging War on Lung Cancer, Volume: 33. Issue: 3, May 1999, Page Number: 7)
The constant assault of cigarette smoke wears away cilia, the tiny hair like structures that line the lungs' air passages and sweep out foreign material trapped inside by mucus. Without this cleaning mechanism, the lungs are particularly vulnerable to compounds brought into air passages. Most lung cancers crop up in the cells that are directly exposed to inhaled air. People who smoke or who live with a smoker breathe air that may harbor more than 50 cancer -fostering chemicals, including benzopyrene and formaldehyde, as well as a radioactive compound called polonium-2 I 0. One researcher, in the September 1993 edition of the journal Pediatrics, estimates that the lungs of a person who smokes a pack of cigarettes a day, are exposed to as much radiation a year as they would absorb from 250 chest x-rays. (Prevention Best Treating Lung Cancer, Margie Patlak, FDA Consumer. Volume: 29. Issue: 5, June 1995. Page Number: 24)
Th The risk of developing lung cancer increases with the number of cigarettes smoked and the number of years of smoking. People who smoke filtered low-tar cigarettes may have a somewhat lower lung cancer risk than those who smoke regular cigarettes.
Cigar and pipe smoking can also boost the risk of developing lung cancer, but because people usually inhale less smoke with this type of tobacco use. The tobacco smoke nonsmokers breathe, also called secondhand smoke, has been classified by the Environmental Protection Agency as one of the most dangerous environmental contaminants.
Exposure at high levels to certain compounds like asbestos, nickel, chromium, coal gas, mustard gas, arsenic, vinyl chloride, beryllium, hydrocarbons, ionizing radiation, and the radon byproducts of uranium mining can also cause lung cancer. Some people often feel they are genetically protected from lung cancer as recent studies aimed at the lung cancer are consistent with the molecular and cellular levels, now suggests that early exposure enhances DNA damage and is associated with the induction of DNA alterations in specific chromosomal regions.
Prevention of Lung Cancer
The treatment plan for lung cancer patients depends on the size, location and type of lung cancer as well as the patient's general health. The three main weapons doctors can wield against lung cancer are surgery, radiation directed at the chest, and chemotherapy with anti- cancer drugs. (PDQ Cancer Information,
Surgery involves removing part or the entire lung, depending on the extent of the tumor. Patients recovering from surgery usually need to use an artificial respirator to help them breathe for a few days. Patients with lung conditions that impair breathing, such as emphysema, may not tolerate lung cancer surgery.
Radiation therapy is usually given five days a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Lung Cancer Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Lung Cancer Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from
(Lung Cancer Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Lung Cancer Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words.
“Lung Cancer Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Lung cancer

... reflect the severity and grave nature of lung cancer. The incidence of lung cancer is high and the related death is also increasing. Lung cancer is divided into further various types depending on the pathological and histological criteria. The diagnosis of lung cancer can be made through proper evaluation of significant clinical manifestations, past history of patient and analysis of the risk factors and etiological factors. The causes of lung cancer are described by different scholars in terms of both genetic causes and non-genetic causes. The proceeding study includes the epidemiology, pathology, classification, causes, clinical manifestations and diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for lung cancer. The common age at which the lung...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Lung cancer

.... In Europe, many countries showed high rate of deaths with Hungary in the top list having deaths that reached over a hundred victims a day. In Canada, lung cancer accounts for 30% death with cases of women on the rise. Far East Asia is not spared from the disease. Philippines alone have 43 daily cases of deaths. Taiwan and Japan share the same sentiment regarding the disease. China also has continual increase in numbers who die from the disease (Pastorino, 102). This scenario provides a picture that lung cancer is prevalent worldwide regardless of sex. Limiting the incidences of the lung cancer involves understanding the pathophysiology,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Causes of Lung Cancer

...and female patients of lung cancer were studied and 100,000 slides of lung tissues were taken from their bodies. The degree of cancer cells was more in patients who were smokers as compared to those who were not. The research’s findings were that the degree of cell damage was directly related to the number of cigarettes smoked per day. Dr. Auerbach’s researched data contributed to the Surgeon General’s report which was published in 1964 [Ada05]. After that time period it was very common to associate lung cancer with smoking. Causes Studies targeted at deriving a relationship between cigarettes and lung...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Smoking Causes Lung Cancer

... it to the local cultures. The first proof of tobacco being smoked by humans comes from some pottery from 800 A.D. that shows a Mayan smoking a cigarette made from tobacco leaves (Stop Smoking ABC, n.d.). Moving forward 700 years, Rodrigo de Jerez, a companion of the explorer Christopher Columbus, was the first recorded European to take up smoking (Chua, 2011). The surprising thing was that he was jailed because he was found to be smoking in public. This is in stark contrast to today, where tobacco companies have used their corporate might to enable smoking to be legalized. The main purpose for this has been solely for profit, yet lung cancer is one of the principal killers of humans, with the risk of getting lung cancer increasing...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Lung cancer

..., exposure to Radon gas and air pollution also leads to this predicament. There are mainly two types of Lung carcinoma including Non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) (Falk & Williams 4). NSCLC is most common among the two and usually treated through surgery. Key Words: Metastasis, Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (SCLC), Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (NSCLC), Passive Smoker, Passive Smoking, Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy, Surgery, Lung cancer, Introduction This is a fatal ailment accountable for high mortality rates currently evident in the world. The disease is mostly associated with the unrestrained cell or tissue development in and around the lungs. If the malady is not spotted and treated at its early...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Primary lung cancer

...and spreads quickly to other areas of the lung, it is also more responsive to treatment. SCLC accounts for 20 % of all lung cancers ("Types of," 2009). Exposure to radon, asbestos and uranium increases the risk of SCLC along with cigarette smoke. Small cell lung cancer is divided into two stages; namely, limited and extensive. Limited stage accounts for the presence of cancer in lymph nodes and in between the tissues present in one lung. While in the latter stage, cancer has spread to other organs of the body. The symptoms increase as the cancer advances: from coughing to swelling of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Lung cancer

...contain carcinogenic substances that lead to lung cancer. This disease is mainly caused due to the release of tobacco smoke in the air, which can also affect many of the non-smokers. The secondary cause of lung cancer is Radon gas. An individual can be exposed to Radon through soil, pipes, drains and other openings. Since this gas does not have smell, it has to be detected by measuring its level in the air. A combination of smoking and inhalation of radon gas can increase the risk of lung cancer. Asbestos and several carcinogenic agents such as uranium, arsenic vinyl chloride, nickel chromates, coal products, mustard gas, chloro-methyl...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Lung Cancer gather as much information as possible about the disease in the hope of understanding and avoiding its pitfalls. Statistics about Lung Cancer Latest statistics officially made available in 2005 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reveal that lung cancer is the deadliest type of cancer for both men and women. In 2005, there were more deaths registered for this disease than breast cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer combined (US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention “Lung Cancer”). Of the estimated 107,000 men and 89,000 women...
27 Pages(6750 words)Thesis

Lung Cancer

... of the disease however, various symptoms are noticed. The symptoms vary depending on whether lung cancer has spread to other parts of the body or not. This paper is a discussion on lung cancer, its risk factors and signs and symptoms associated with it. Keywords: lung cancer, cells, abnormal, uncontrolled, growth Introduction Lung cancer originates in the lungs (Cancercare, 2014). Cancer is a disease that is usually associated with wild growth of abnormal cells. In lung cancer, abnormal cells grow in an uncontrolled way in both or one of the lungs. Due to the fact that the cells are abnormal, they do not develop into healthy tissues and do not play any roles similar to those of normal lung cells. As abnormal cells continue to grow...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Psychosocial and Communication Issues in Cancer Care

...Psychosocial and Communication Issues in Cancer Care 2005 Outline: A) Introduction B) Patient assignment on the basis of Faulker and Maguire model C) Basic communication skills of the care-taker D) Empathy as a key communication skill Description: In this paper we try to find out the basic communication skills of the care-taker when he or she communicates with the cancer-diagnosed person and the role of empathy as a key communication skill. Introduction Clinicians have long recognized the importance of identifying and addressing psychosocial aspects of cancer. Professional clinicians groups insisted that a strong focus on comprehensively meeting the needs of persons with cancer should be made...
15 Pages(3750 words)Assignment

New Public Health Approaches to Tackling Breast Cancer

... recurrences of the illness. “Doctors know that breast cancer develops in phases from early to advanced stages (when it has spread to other organs). The earliest stage may have taken only a few weeks to develop before it is detected” (AstraZeneca 2003). Patients with the best chances of surviving breast cancer are those patients who have discovered the disease in its early stages, before it’s had a chance to spread to other parts of the body. Other parts of the body that are usually affected include the back, ribs, bones, lungs, liver and sometimes the brain. It is for this reason that doctors advocate early detection through community screening programmes and mammograms as well as promotion of self-examinations by women. Incidence...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

The Use of Chemotherapy in Cancer

... chemotherapy by looking not only at its history, but at its current developments and its future use. Incidence of Cancer In 2004, a total of one hundred fifty three thousand three hundred ninety-seven (153,397) individuals died of cancer in the United Kingdom; 22% of which is caused by lung cancer, 11% by bowel cancer, 8% by breast cancer, 7% by prostate cancer and the rest (52%) by other forms of cancer. Among all other forms, lung cancer and breast cancer still rank as the most common forms of cancer in males and females, respectively. Trends in the incidence of cancer in the UK is an indication of the success of the campaigns against the disease as the figures show a decreasing mortality rate despite the increase in the incidence...
13 Pages(3250 words)Research Proposal

The National Health Service Cancer Plan

.... The recognition that preventing cancer reduces the heavy load in the treatment and care of every case of cancer detected on the healthcare system involved in cancer care (Loescher, 2004). Smoking has been recognised as the primary cause of lung cancer, and smoking prevention programs have been among the earliest prevention programs in the fight against cancer. The changing scenario for nursing professionals in smoking prevention programs provides insight into the role of nurses in cancer prevention programs on the whole. The impact of increased impact of enhanced knowledge and skills of cancer care...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

Cancer: a Terminal Disease

Only visible progress is observed in the case of breast cancer even though, it is detected in the early stage (3). There are many reasons and characteristic of cancer which makes it incurables some of them are as follows:
Most of the human diseases were classified under two broad categories; 1) genetic diseases and 2) environmental diseases. In genetic diseases, mutation or loss of function in any of the vital genes leads to disease condition and they are generally cured by artificial supplementation of a vital component. For example, in sickle cell anemia where a patient having mutation in both copies of the hemoglobin gene leads to sickle-shaped RBC. The only permanent cure for this disease is bone marrow transplant and gen...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

An 80-Year-Old Woman with Breast Cancer

...Case Study on Human Health & Behaviours - An 80 year old woman with breast cancer - Total Number of Words: 2,811 Table of Contents I. Introduction ………………………………………………………….. 3 II. General Information about the Patient ………………………………. 3 III. Importance of Health and Illness to the Patient …………………….. 4 IV. Patient’s Reaction to Illness …………………………………………... 5 a. Physical Changes ………………………………………….. 7 b. Emotional Changes ………………………………………… 7 c. Cognitive Changes …………………………………………. 8 d. Behavioural Changes ………………………………………. 8 V. Making Health Decisions ………………………………………………. 9 VI. The Impact of Social Influences and Inequalities over the Health Condition of the Patient ……………………………………….. 10 VII. Lifespan Issue...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Therapeutics of Colon Cancer

...AR Colon Cancer 5/11 Colon Cancer Introduction With the increase in the diagnostic power of diseases and disorders it is noticed thatmany of the diseases and disorders which were previously unknown have become known to the whole world. Colon Cancer (Colo-Rectal Cancer) is the cancer of large intestine which is characterized by previously existing polyposis syndromes. It is seen that the death rates of colon cancer are highest in the United States of America. The high incidence rate of colon cancer in United States is linked to the dietary practices of the population there. This is because it is found that even the migrants from other countries who are living in United States are suffering from the same problem because of the adoption...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Lung Cancer Diagnosis: Where We Are Heading To

...the lungs (the bronchi) or in the small air sacs of the lung (the alveoli)” (Hong ,Tsao 2008).Instead if the cancer originated elsewhere and metastasized to the lungs, it is called “secondary”. These two types of cancer are taken as different forms of cancer from diagnostic and treatment perspectives Lung cancer is generally classified into two main types based on the outlook of cancer under a microscope: Non- small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Non – small cell lung...
14 Pages(3500 words)Term Paper

Lung Cancer

... countries showed high rate of deaths with Hungary in the top list having deaths that reached over a hundred victims a day. In Canada, lung cancer accounts for 30% death with cases of women on the rise. Far East Asia is not spared from the disease. Philippines alone have 43 daily cases of deaths. Taiwan and Japan share the same sentiment regarding the disease. China also has continual increase in numbers who die from the disease (Pastorino, 102). This scenario provides a picture that lung cancer is prevalent worldwide regardless of sex. Limiting the incidences of the lung cancer involves understanding the pathophysiology, causes, signs and symptoms, and diagnosis to be able to treat the disease at an earlier stage and to prevent high...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Auses and Effects of Cancer

... note that there are more than one hundred different types of cancer going by the cell type they affect initially (Medical News Today 2013). Some common types of cancer include breast cancer, brain cancer, leukemia (blood cancer), bone cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, stomach cancer, and thyroid, just to mention a few. Statistics indicate that in 2007, cancer led to the death of about 7.6 million people in the world (Medical News Today 2013). Findings show that cancer cases are on the rise, the main reason for this trend is people’s change of lifestyle. This paper will discuss the causes and effects of cancer, and how cancer can be prevented. Causes of Cancer Mutation and Genetics Generally, cancer results when cells...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

An Ecologist Look at Cancer and the Environment

... to originate cancer. Steingraber asserts about hazardous toxins which not only pollute the environment, but also disturb the whole integrity of life and the living (Steingraber, 1997). They actually distort the system in which we eat, drink and breathe. Here the focus of author is on improving farms which are main and actual sources of organic food. In this the author emphasizes on herbicides usage, which are sufficient enough to improve the quality of farming processes. The author reflects on how herbicides have been successful in reducing cancer rates, by preventing food contamination. Author uncovers further harsh facts like how smoking is one of the fundamental causes of lung and other prostate cancers. The author also argues...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Lung Cancer for FREE!

Contact Us