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Auses and Effects of Cancer - Case Study Example

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This paper "Causes and Effects of Cancer" focuses on the fact that cancer is a wide group of ailments characterized by uncontrolled cell growth. Cancer causes harm to the body when cells that are damaged divide without regulation to form tumours (with the exception of leukaemia). …
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Auses and Effects of Cancer
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Download file to see previous pages Malignant tumours which are more dangerous form either when cancerous cells invade and destroy healthy tissues as they move through the body via the nymph systems or blood, or when they divide and develop to a point of making new blood vessels with which they feed themselves. Scientists note that there are more than one hundred different types of cancer going by the cell type they affect initially (Medical News Today 2013). Some common types of cancer include breast cancer, brain cancer, leukaemia (blood cancer), bone cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, stomach cancer, and thyroid, just to mention a few. Statistics indicate that in 2007, cancer led to the death of about 7.6 million people in the world (Medical News Today 2013). Findings show that cancer cases are on the rise, the main reason for this trend is people’s change of lifestyle. This paper will discuss the causes and effects of cancer, and how cancer can be prevented.

Generally, cancer results when cells that are subject to uncontrolled growth flourish and do not die. While this is the case, there are a number of factors that may cause cancer or predispose a healthy person to the disease. One major factor that causes cancer is DNA mutation or damage. When DNA in a gene is damaged or undergoes mutation, the gene may also get damaged thereby affecting cell division negatively. In this case, cancer occurs when gene mutations in a cell cause it (the cell) to be incapable of correcting DNA damage and therefore fail to die when it should actually die (Medical News Today 2013). Cancer may also affect an individual due to a genetic predisposition that is inherited from members of the family. In this respect, an individual can be born with certain genetic mutations or a faulty gene that may make them more likely to have the disease in the course of their life.

Carcinogens are a group of substances that are known to cause cancer. Carcinogens include tobacco, alcohol, asbestos, gamma rays, arsenic, and x-rays. Some non-fibrous particulate materials that are known to induce cancer in the human body include silica, nickel, cobalt, and lead.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Auses and Effects of Cancer Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words - 1.
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