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Development in healthcare - Case Study Example

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National Health Services (NHS) is an England government initiative committed to provide comprehensive and free health services to all residents. It was established in 1948 following the failure of the then health provision institutions to cater for the welfare of all, thus calling for government intervention to protect the welfare of those who could not afford access to health services (Crinson, 2008, p.58)…
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Download file to see previous pages However, during the World War II, they were unable to cope with the soaring number of casualties forcing the government to intervene and control the situation through establishment of Emergency Hospital Services (EHS) to act as a coordinating body in health services provision. Services were so discriminative with the children, women and disabled marginalized with little or no access to medical care.
The adversaries of the war provoked the government to initiate creation of welfare state and legislation on health care that would ensure comprehensive services were provided by the state. This need for comprehensive health services led to the establishment of the NHS under the Ministry of Health. The formation of NHS was based on three major principles; provision of universal health care to everyone, free at the point of delivery and based on clinical need and not the ability to pay (Walsh, Stephens & Moore, 2000, p.47). However, although a small charge was later introduced by the government to complement for the huge financial requirement in running NHS, the benefits realized by the citizens can not be gainsaid and indeed NHS is one of the main contributors top the creation of the welfare state.
Before the formation of NHS, health services were provided by private practitioners, local government and voluntary healthcare providers. According to Crinson (2008, p.59) the provision of health services for the underprivileged was through the local authorities under the relief for the poor program. However, this initiative had been hampered by discrimination and harsh eligibility criteria that meant working for the relief and such a relief was supposed to be below the living standards of those in employment. The establishment of the Ministry of Health in 1919 brought some relief by establishing public health services, although this did not provide amicable solution. The private hospitals denied the poor access to their services despite accessing voluntary donations for health care. However, the employed population was privileged to access healthcare thanks to the presence of the National Health Insurance scheme. All these healthcare bodies experienced substantial financial strain during the 1930s financial crisis, thus necessitating the idea of welfare state.
Under the principle of universal healthcare for all, NHS saw the need to equate all people by providing the health services without discrimination. This means that everyone regardless of his/her background or affiliation has an equal chance to access the services. In addition, the health services provided are of high quality that meets the needs of everyone who gets access to them. The government had to amass resources to ensure adequate health services were advanced to all, with understanding that health was a vital ingredient of a person's life. In providing universal healthcare, the aim of NHS was to ensure both men and women, children and adult, and everyone with whatever health related need has access to health service.
NHS was founded to provide free healthcare to all and especially to protect the welfare of those who could not afford paid health services. This means that one had to walk ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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