This essay deals with the British Welfare State, the influences and personalities that brought it about its origins, development, problems and benefits.It looks at such things as legislation and the reports on which such laws are based…
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This essay deals with the British Welfare State, the influences and personalities that brought it about its origins, development, problems and benefits. It looks at such things as legislation and the reports on which such laws are based. In particular it considers the inequalities the welfare state sought to redress, but also point out inequalities in more recent years, and the possible reasons behind these. This essay will deal with the British Welfare System and the inequalities it sought to remedy in such areas as education, employment opportunities, justice and health. The United Kingdom is a state in which centralised government , and the legislation it produces, directs its welfare system to a great extent. However, although one state, it is not one country. This means, especially since the setting up of separate parliaments that legislation and therefore provision and available services in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland as well as in England will differ to some extent. Also there is no one ‘Welfare State Ministry’. The Cabinet office for instance is responsible for public service reform, the Treasury for finances, and there are of course numerous othe rinvovled departemnts and agencies. This means that in some cases inequalities are built into the governmantal system. However reasons for inequalities are many and varied , and not just linked to legislation. This essay will consider the failures as well as the positive attributes of such a system , and why these occurred and continue to do so. It will look briefly at the history and origins of the present system and its gradual development. It will consider problems that have arisen and why these occurred. One of the initial problems is perhaps the definition of inequality within society. Is it to do with equality of opportunity or equality of outcome? The former for instance was dealt with by such things as the provision of free secondary education for all. But all children were not as capable intellectually of benefiting from a grammer school education and so schools were developed offering education of a more practical nature. Some of those who passed the grammer school entrance examinations could not proceed for economic reasons or because of family pressures and so ended up in secondary modern or technical schools, for which presumably they were not best suited. All this means that, in the case of education at least, although technically there was an equality of opportunity, in fact there was not, and there certainly could never be equalities of outcomes. In more recent times parents have supposedly been given more choice as to which schools their children will go to, but the practice falls far short of such an idealistic situation. With regards to health perhaps the situation would be more equal? After all the health service was set up as free at the point of need. But now in the 21st century the media are full of the ‘post code lottery’ or reports about some Health Care Trusts refusing to fund certain treatments, in some cases potentiality life saving, which are available in other areas, or, of course, to those who are willing and able to pay. Inequality rules therefore in health care as in other areas of society. There has always been economic inequality in human societies since the very first caveman noticed that his neighbour had a better axe than he has. The exact nature of inequalities in society, their causes and effects as well as their importance have long been a matter for debate, but is clear that the varying abilities of people to create wealth for whatever reasons , are part of the complex pattern of equalities in soci
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(The British Welfare State Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words)
“The British Welfare State Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1390695-the-british-welfare-state.
During the Second World War, he manifested proficient leadership qualities during the wartime, leading a coalition government as a prime minister. The sole role of Churchill’s coalition government was to defeat political enemies; however, the government faced a blow when labour ministers demanded an election since they wanted a change.
The idea of Welfare is based on the principles of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of the wealth of the society and public responsibility for citizen groups that are in some ways in need of support from the state.
When the Romans invaded the land of Britain they implemented the concept of state there. The British rulers were looking forward to the wellbeing of its subjects. Later the concept of welfare state took its root in Britain, after Germany. The welfare state in Britain was begun with the Labour party government of Clement Attlee in 1945.
To complement these needs, education, healthcare, employment and other related social concerns must be accounted for in order to enhance social welfare. The state or the government plays a fundamental role in controlling all variables that critically account for individual and social welfare.
Naturally, as the name implies, Thatcherism is a direct outgrowth of the political thought process and economic ideology of Margaret Thatcher; a dominant force within British politics for the better part of two decades. Whereas Thatcherism necessarily has its compliments and corollaries throughout the world, i.e.
The war decade had been one of social disappointment and suppression of the labor force as the class system drove away from the poor from opportunities with blatant disregard for their rights.The capitalist system had failed the expectations of the suppressed, disadvantaged class as there was no one to support them and no welfare system.
The ruler and his coterie somewhat decided what constitutes welfare for the general populace. As most civilized parts of the world moved to democracy as the most acceptable form of government, what constituted welfare, increasingly came to be decided by the people who had a role in the democratic process.
This essay discusses that report was not as revolutionary as it first seemed because in reality, ‘It’s attractive symmetry and simplicity perhaps obscured the fact that the Beveridge plan was no more than a rationalization of the existing insurance scheme, whose gaps in coverage had frequently been exposed.’
"Political system under which the state (rather than the individual or the private sector) has responsibility for the welfare of its citizens, providing a guaranteed minimum standard of life, and insurance against the hazards of poverty, illness, and social deprivation.
After the World War II British economic and social system had to be reformed,and the government began to take appropriate measures to improve the situation.Full employment and NHS reforming were one of the most important measures of the government,and it seemed that the economic and social situation of the country won't be in regress
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
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