StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Token Economies - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Token Economies Applications of Principles of Learning and Behaviour [Pick the date] Name Intervention is researched to be a distinct and deliberate mechanism of introducing the concept of change (regarding any object or situation) into peoples' opinions, behaviours and feelings…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.4% of users find it useful
Token Economies
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Token Economies"

Download file to see previous pages Intervention is regarded as a respectful and neutral way of allowing people to see through their own behaviours, assess themselves on different ground supported by factual information and its affect on their lives and personality (Hazelden.org). It offers help to self destructive persons by enabling them to listen and think. Self monitoring, a well recognized type of intervention is now frequently used within general to special class of students as an effective intervention that is found to increase their academic performance and thereby enhancing self control (Harris et al., 2005). Self monitoring is that type of behaviour intervention that is used in context to recording behaviours of one’s own self (Kerr & Nelson, 2006). Self-monitoring approaches have two common types. The first one is attending to one’s own behaviours, measuring and recording them known as SMA - self-monitoring of attention, whereas the second one is attending to one’s own academic based performance, measure and recording them known as SMP - self-monitoring of performance (Maag et al. 1993). On an average research studies have clearly shown the increased significance and effectiveness of SMP rather than SMA when assessed on various tasks (Reid and Harris, 1993). While on the other hand when the hyperactivity disorders are studied, SMA is found to show more improvements in learning and memorizing spelling than SMP (Harris et al. 2005). Another study recognized the academic performance, memorizing speed, accuracy and productivity of general or special up to nine grade students is found to be increased by applying self monitoring intervention, behaviourally and academically (Todd, Horner and Sugai, 1999). The students who have difficulties in learning, keeping pace with the academic curricula and face academic and behavioural difficulties in understanding are taught with self monitoring interventions (Carr & Punzo, 1993). With strategies of self monitoring interventions, the students are enabled to perform and improve their academic and behavioural abilities and recognize their talents and capacities to perform act and recognize their own behaviours (Hoff and DuPaul, 1998). These are considered to be the most useful, effective, organized, simple and easy to implement and monitor strategies for students facing learning and behavioural difficulties. Self monitoring is therefore offered from the preschool age and continuing up to the adulthood and helps in enhancing the innate cognitive functioning and independent functioning through self help. According to yet another study, positive feedback and improvements have been drawn and recorded after the implementation of self monitoring strategies behavioural interventions by elementary school teachers among disabled students. These studies are conducted in school setting therefore they are regarded as interventions. The method involved in the first study was selecting five students as the target objects having some types of disabilities and according to the ACT REACT paradigm, they were exposed to solve maths questions by their teachers which they found problematic, that was their main area of problem identified as lack of engagement. This study was conducted in an elementary school setting and these five children were seated among 21 other students in a fourth-fifth grade multi-age group classrooms attended by a teacher and an instructor who taught the students different math principles for different time lengths mostly 5-15 min/new skill. The ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Token Economies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Token Economies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1474021-token-economies
(Token Economies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
Token Economies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1474021-token-economies.
“Token Economies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1474021-token-economies.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Token Economies

The Implications of Goldman Sachs's Forecast for Economies and Firms

...The Implication of Goldman Sachs’s Forecast for BRIC Economies and Firms within the Triad Introduction Economically, politically and militarily, theUnited States (US) is the dominant force in contemporary world affairs (Anderson et al. 2000, p.25). Anderson et al. state that the US economic influence extends far beyond its status as the world’s largest economy. The US is progressively, in the words of one observer, ‘creating an economic world in its own image’ (2000, p.25). The unprecedented metamorphosis of Japan from a defeated nation to an economic superpower in the past fifty years and an annual increase in gross domestic product (GDP) of about 10% per annum until the 1990s represent a stunning achievement for the Japanese (Anderson...
8 Pages (2000 words) Article

Merger - An Attempt to Attain Technical Economies

...Merger - An Attempt еo Attain Technical Economies Chapter Three Research Methodology The research of the issue under examination has been based on a series of statistical data revealed through similar studies. On the other hand, the interviews of three employers of the organizations involved (the pre-merger autonomous organizations, i.e. the Prime Focus Regeneration Group and the Keynote Housing Group) are going also to be used in order to lead to a secure result regarding the consequences of merger to the organizational context, as they have been observed in the field of the theoretical and empirical research. In the above context, a first research that can be proved useful towards the investigation of the effects of merger...
20 Pages (5000 words) Research Paper

Has the Integrated Managerial Enterprise Contributed to the Success of Leading Economies

...Has the integrated managerial enterprise contributed to the success of leading economies? To what extent can this organizational form be applied in differing national circumstances? Managerial expertise is a form of business concept that was helpful for many nations to achieve economic growth. This concept was developed by Alfred Chandler through his book ‘The Visible Hand’. “In the mid 1970s, he brought out the first of a series of major works on this subject, his Visible Hand, which won the Pulitzer and Bancroft prizes in 1978. The title reference is to deliberate organizational arrangements designed to make big business work.” (Landes, 2001). His work ‘The Visible Hand’ won two awards in 1970. He was an employee in DuPont...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

The Current and Ongoing Recession in the Global Financial Markets and Economies

...Running Head: Unemployment & Aggregate Demand Unemployment & Aggregate Demand [Institute’s Unemployment & Aggregate Demand Introduction Most of the macroeconomists agree that inflation level and employment level are the prime indicators of the performance of an economy. These variables provide a clear picture of the implementation of policies, and whether they are hitting the bull’s eye or not? Any economy would want the inflation to be as low as possible and would like to achieve a high rate of employment or in other terms the low rate of unemployment (Gilpatrick, pp. 256-278, 1966). There are arguments that both of these are not possible at the same time. For this purpose, the argument presented is that if an economy is witnessing high...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

Comparison of the Economies of China and Japan with Two Aspects: The Different Growth Paths and the Contrasting Impact of Globalization

...Comparison of the economies of China and Japan with two aspects: The different growth paths and the contrasting impact of globalization Introduction China and Japan are two giants in the East of the globe. Both the countries have a massive historical background rich in dynasties, kingdoms, civilizations, norms and culture. Both the countries have kept evolving through crests and troughs throughout centuries and shown their resilience and power to emerge as strong as ever. When we talk about recent past and present we again find that China and Japan have ruled over world economy for significant periods, giving very tough time to other superpowers USA and the rest. Japan was flourishing for three or more decades in the last century whereas...
21 Pages (5250 words) Essay

Worlds Poorest Countries Are at a Competitive Disadvantage in Every Sector of Their Economies

...International Business – world’s poorest countries are at a competitive disadvantage in every sector of their economies World’s poorest countries areat a risk of extinction. They have lack of resources which makes them even more susceptible in the time and age of today. The general inadequacy of funds, importance given by the countries which have these facilities and the like, and in essence a sense of absolute chaos are some of the major reasons why these countries are failing time and time again. This essay will take a clear cut look at the divide between the poor and the rich countries, study the basis of gaining an understanding regarding their economic situations and the ways and means through which they have to make both ends meet...
8 Pages (2000 words) Coursework

Anglo-Saxon Market Economies

...What social, legal and economic developments support the claim that contemporary ‘Anglo-Saxon’ corporations dominate other social and political institutions to further their own interests? In the recent years, there has been a lot of talk on the power that corporate giants possess. There is more public awareness regarding the responsibility that these corporations owe to the society. The contemporary times have brought to limelight some of the important social, economic and political issues and their effects arising out of the affairs of corporate governance. The elections in Germany in 2005 focused greatly on the role of corporations in the modern economy, and the change of governments marked the start of the embedding of Anglo-Saxon...
12 Pages (3000 words) Essay

Access to Finance for Small and Medium Enterprises in Emerging Market economies (AFME)

...Access to Finance for Small and Medium Enterprises in Emerging Market Economies (AFME) PhD Thesis Proposal By Table of Contents Introduction/Background 3 Research Questions 8 Aims and Objectives 8 Significance of the Study 9 Statement of the Problem 10 Research Methodology 11 Time Line 12 Organization of the Study 13 Bibliography 14 Access to Finance for Small and Medium Enterprises in Emerging Market Economies (AFME) Introduction/Background The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) reports that there are a number of reports that small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), encounter difficulties obtaining finance.1 In emerging market economies, access to finance is problematic for all firms. However, SMEs have far...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

The European sovereign debt crisis dominated international financial markets during 2010-2012. Economies fell into recession and financial market volatility was high

Previously, this mechanism’s resources had been restricted to provide balance of payments foreign currency support to the Member States that had not adopted the euro (Lane, 2012, p. 58).
In the six months from May 2010 to October 2010, bonds worth approximately €65 billion were bought by the European Central Bank. Moreover, during the market turmoil that was experienced during the months of August and November of 2011, an additional amount of €125 billion was earmarked. As a result, the total bond holdings were in excess of €200 billion, which is of the order of 2% of the GDP of the euro region (Lane, 2012, p. 60). However, the compensating sterilisation operations have negated the liquidity created, and this in turn has ensur...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

Publicly Financed Stadiums Drag Down Local Economies

... the people (National Center for Policy Analysis, 2000). Negative Study Projections Intense studies conducted on over 12 stadium or arenas during 1958 to 1987 revealed that proficient sports do not pay significant contribution in pushing up economic growth. Various researches projected that cities supporting repudiated league teams often grew more slowly as compared to others. Adding to that, stadiums do not create wealth. These just redistribute and manage previously existing wealth from one entertainment form to other (National Center for Policy Analysis, 2000). Tax Liability Existing records project that taxpayers have to continue serving debt even on old abandoned stadiums, which is a terrible loss to the economy. For instance...
8 Pages (2000 words) Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Token Economies for FREE!

Contact Us