The benefits obtained from these researches outweighs the pain and suffering they go through and their use therefore should be morally and ethically justified as some of these break throughs could not have been achieved without their use…
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The controversial point of discussing will be on pain and suffering they go through during research. This is the point of contention in this research as many people including scientists have different opinions on this topic. The position I will take in regard to their use in research is that their usage is ethical and it should be morally justified as it has lead to numerous advances in science. In response to opposing views in this research, I will seek to provide substantial information on the benefits of using them in research and also discuss the discoveries achieved which otherwise would not have been made. I will also discuss the contagious issues facing animal use in research. Organizational method Reductio ad absurdum will be the best method to use. This mode of argumentation is very important as it establishes a contention by deriving an absurdity from its denial. Using this method I will provide the benefits of doing research using animals and try to show how it has benefited many and improved our lives.I will also provide evidence to back up my arguments and then make a logical conclusions based on these arguments. Outline Introduction The back ground information should include a brief historical perspective on use of animal models in scientific research. Animals have been used for decades in experiments as evident from Greek writings (animal experimentation). The benefits of using experimental animals are numerous. ...
Today more lives have been saved; there are improved human health standards, increased productivity in livestock due to researches involving animals. Examples of animals (species) used are; mice, rats, insects, rabbits, sea slugs, fruit flies. In genetics for example the major breakthroughs achieved were made possible through studies involving fruit fly Drosophila spp (Black, 2001) Body There are many types of research in which animals have been used. For example, animal have been used in basic or pure research in understanding embryogenesis and developmental biology. In genetics and evolution, animals have led to better understanding of the behavior of organisms in their environment. In applied research which focuses on solving current problems affecting the society like finding cure of certain diseases, animals have been used to understand disease conditions and to conduct pre-clinical trials. Animals have been used in genetic modulations in order to study diseases, they are used to obtain xenografts for transplantation, they have been used in drug testing for toxicology, for metabolism and efficacy tests, cosmetic testing, in education and in breeding. Last but not least animals have been used to produce monoclonal antibodies. On the other hand, there are many ethical questions in regard to use of animals in scientific research. These are issues pertaining pain and suffering as proposed by Tom Regan and others, moral issues on the use of xenografts due to religions and personal beliefs, experiment discomfort, introduction of pathogens to the field and humanists point of view (Larry, 2004). An example of a major case that has drawn attention both in beneficial scientific research and where there have been allegations of
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This research is important because it will help to bring to an end or minimize the strife that exists between scientists and groups that argue that the use of animals in research is unethical. Its results and recommendations will form the basis of formulating a resolution that will end the threats that researchers receive from animal rights activists.
The book Visible Evidence shows the declining confidence in members of the public on the notion of reality in films, documentary, video production, photography and media and reassures on the credibility of documentary’s as compared to the rest of the representations.
The author argues a lot on the basis of the “blackness of skin” but the pain inflicted on animals is same or almost equal by whites and blacks, i.e. by human beings in general. Also, the suffering of the blacks is not just physical pain, it is also psychological, especially since they are discriminated against many facilities.
There are various kinds of perceptions qualitative perception which is the perception of qualities that we attribute to objects, temporal perception the perception of time, auditory perception how people interpret and respond to sounds. The perception of an individual greatly influences the way he acts and responds to various outside stimuli and the way he puts forth his view to other individuals.(Morgan & King) This is very widely seen in the profession of writers and reporters as they have the power and platform to influence the public by what they say and how they say it.
It will discuss the problems, that is, the conflict between carrying out the perfect research and being perfectly ethical at the same time. Finally, it will take you through the codes of ethics and ways of promoting ethical research.
'Ethics' is knowledge of the difference between good and bad.
rights, as a result of which those rights should be recognised within the framework of the law.1 Legislative provisions that currently exist are Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act2 and the Animal Research Act,3 with further provisions spelt out in the Australian Code of
According to the paper the magnitude of the sufferings the animals undergo during the medical research, however, is a severely contested issue. There are divergent opinions on the use of animals for medical research. Other alternative models of medical research exist. The use of animals for medical research is explored in details. It is of considerable importance for the scientists and medical researchers to understand as well as comprehend first the health issues and challenges under research.
The medicinal combination is not helpful as there is no biological or chemical combination to help the person. Therefore, the patients are deceived into thinking they have been helped. Apparently, some patients regain better health and mark an improvement. This is done in cases that are uncontrollable and complex.
The views held by such individuals depend on emotional, moralistic, or practical grounds. Many people base on the emotional and practical aspects of the relationship and forget the rest. Such individuals always
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