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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Disaster Affected Schools - Essay Example

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Vicarious traumatization “is an inevitable process for those engaged in trauma work” (TSICAAP). Vicarious traumatization, or VT, is a negative effect on a trauma worker caused by “empathic engagement with survivors’ trauma material” (TSICAAP). In the case study, teachers were given very limited tools to help them work with the surviving students. In one instance the tools consisted of a one-time teacher training without follow-up. At no time was it apparent that school districts were conscious of the VT amongst their staff, nor that they took any steps to help teachers deal with the added stressors of a post-disaster crisis. This was a mistake. Japan seems to have learned something from the errors of the United States. In the wake of the recent tsunami that devastated many areas of their country, schools are reopening with an eye to identification and treatment of PTSD in both students and teachers. The reopening of schools is being accomplished with an eye to therapy and counselors are available for everyone involved (Fackler). This means that Japan, unlike int he aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, is vitally aware of both PTSD and VT. II. ...
Furthermore, a study conducted after the bursting of a dam in West Virginia found that age, gender, and parents all affect an individuals’ likelihood for developing PTSD symptoms. Specifically, a parent’s reactions to the disaster helped the youth to understand the nature of the disaster and respond more concretely to the actual stimuli experienced

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(Green et al, 946).. Assuming the adolescent does have PTSD, then a course of treatment similar to that outlined in “I Had to Teach Hard” should be followed, with certain additions. Parents, where available, should be involved with the youth’s treatment, particularly when discussing or writing about the youth’s responses and fears that touch ont he family unit. Parents should also be educated about the symptoms, treatment, and expected outcomes throughout the therapy process. Talking, writing, and other cognitive behavioral therapy techniques are effective. Another possible treatment to consider is “reprocessing” through Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing. EMDR is a technique where children relate negative memories and associations while performing a repetitive movement like eye-scanning or hand tapping. This movement is then subsequently performed while focusing ont he positive aspects of the memory or positive associations (Chemtob et al, 103). This technique effectively allows the youth to reprogram the movements which led to the re-experiencing aspect of PTSD. Using all the techniques available it is hopeful that the underlying disorder can be corrected and the self-medicating and self-destructive behaviors can be successfully addressed. Reference List Fackler, M. Town torn by tsunami sees reopened school as a therapeutic step. (2011, May

Summary

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Disaster Affected Schools I. Vicarious Traumatization Teachers working with students who have experienced trauma need to be careful to help themselves so that they can continue to help their students. This is particularly important when the teacher is working in a post-disaster arena like that described in “I Had to Teach Hard.” Teachers dealt with classrooms full of students who had suffered trauma as a result of Hurricane Katrina…
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Disaster Affected Schools
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