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Obesity - Essay Example

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Name: Unit/Subject: Date: Introduction Obesity denotes a health condition that gradually develops through an accumulation of excessive body weight, which is mainly composed of body fat. The condition is determined and defined by the use of the “Body Mass Index” parameter (BMI)…
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Download file to see previous pages The condition affects people regardless of age, but is more prevalent among some races. The condition reduces life expectancy and leads to the development of various health complications. Obesity predisposes the affected to a number of conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, osteoarthritis, obstructive sleep apnea and type II diabetes-just to mention, but a few. Presently, obesity is prevalent in the most developed nations due to sedentary lifestyles and a relatively high intake of highly processed and refined foods, which have high calories. The condition is also the leading cause of deaths that can be prevented in the United States (U.S) and most other developed nations (Aznar & Luis 47). Causes of obesity Obesity is caused by multiple factors and in most cases it occurs due to a combination of different factors such as high caloric intake and sedentary life. Excessive intake of high calorie foods and living a life devoid of physical exercises is the most common combination of factors that lead to most cases of obesity (Stunkard & Wadden 27). Other cases of obesity are genetically caused, and people with such genetic makeup are predisposed to this condition since birth. Therefore, if they encounter the right combination of other contributing factors such as high caloric intake they definitely develop the condition (Stunkard & Wadden 31). ...
Other conditions make an indirect contribution to the condition, for example, arthritis leads to inactivity, which may directly lead to obesity. The use of certain types of medicine such as atypical anti-psychotics, birth control pills, beta blockers, steroids and endocrine disruptors-endocrine disruptors affect lipid metabolism-are responsible for some reported cases of obesity. Research has shown a strong association between the development of obesity and the use of such drugs (Stunkard & Wadden 52). Quitting cigarette smoking has also been cited as a possible contributor to weight gain, because of the elimination of its effects on appetite suppression. Pregnancy especially at a later age is also cited as a possible cause of obesity. This occurs when the mothers do not lose the weight gained during the gestational period. According to Zieve and Dugdale, other cited causes with little research support include ambient temperatures’ reduced variability. Obesity has also been linked to psychological conditions such as stress and depression. However, research in this field is inconclusive because some people eat a lot when under stress and thus gain weight whereas; others eat less when under depression and thus gain less weight. The link of obesity to psychology is not yet very clear and perhaps the causality requires research (Stunkard & Wadden 62). Treatment and Management of obesity within the health profession There are multiple ways to handle obesity and there is no single treatment for the condition, but rather a combination of measures. These measures are supposed to reduce weight and cut back on gains as well as conditions implicated in the causes. The most ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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