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Stem Cell Research - Essay Example

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Subject: Health sciences and medicine Topic: Stem Cell Research Introduction Stem cells may be described as cells with the potential to differentiate into different cell types of the body (NIH, 2012). They are classified into two classes based on the differentiation potential…
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Stem Cell Research

Download file to see previous pages... In the recent time, stem cell research has emerged as an innovative yet controversial technology aimed at revolutionizing the medical field (Behr et al., 2010). Stem cell research borrows from the body’s intrinsic capacity to regenerate/repair diseased or injured tissues. This research has been stretched in a more established understanding of diseases which present complex progress in their pathology such as juvenile diabetes, cancer, Parkinson disease among other diseases significant in human health. Debate surrounding stem cell revolves on the source of the stem cell. Major sources of these cells are from extra embryo generated through by IVF. These embryos are preserved to extract embryonic stem cells lines that are amenable in various stem cell therapies as well as further research. Thesis statement; Stem cell research is ethically justified for health improvement because of its wide application in major human diseases in therapies and research One major justification for continued research on stem cells is because of their huge potential in resolving challenges already existing in organ transplants. Many of the diseases such as leukemia, liver and kidney diseases usually require organ transplant and with the problem of organ compatibility with recipient immune system and also the availability of potential donor, stem cell research may provide a solution. ...
Another important aspect of continued stem cells research is their ability to offer a myriad of opportunities in understanding various biological processes in the body such as birth defects, genetic abnormalities and as such may provide solution or possible avenues of preventing or reducing the risk of these conditions. For instance, stem cell research may produce large number of a particular type of a cell which may be used to test the efficacy of a given novel drug. Such tests may include and not limited to toxicity and bioavailability. Although researchers have two alternatives sources of stem cells, adult and embryonic stem cells, embryonic stem cells have more potential than adult stem cells in developing into any cell in the adult human being as opposed to adult stem cells. Therefore, despite the controversy they remain the preferred choice for stem cell research. Opponents of stem cell research argue on the sanctity of human life and support their opposition by arguing that life start at conception. However, an in-depth understanding of the processes surrounding the conception may prove them wrong. The controversial ‘ball’ of cell’ called blastula may arguably not be presented as human life and bestowed equal status to a human fetus. This is because it has the ability to either divide into two to form two individuals –identical twins or fuse to form one individual. Hence, the embryo harvested during IVF process may not actually represent human beings rather they can be an equivalence of human tissues put into good use. This understanding propels the stem cell research community into utilizing embryonic cells in improving human health. Another reason which will justify the use of stem ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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