The study will describe two approaches - behaviour change and policy change approaches to mental health promotion. A critical analysis of the two approaches will then be undertaken, leading to a discussion of the strengths and weakness of each method alongside their overall effectiveness. …
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The topic of this critical discussion is the mental health promotion. Mental health promotion has become one of the key areas of public health efforts in the modern times. According to Douglas et al., the focus of public health promotion efforts on mental health is the result of recognising the crucial role that mental health plays in influencing physical health. Mental health also determines the health outcomes for a range of diseases such as cancer, diabetes and coronary heart disease. According to WHO, health promotion is a process that enables people to increase control and make improvements on health. Mental health promotion contrasts from the concept of prevention of mental illnesses which involves implementing interventions before the onset of mental illnesses. Mental health is a big issue in public health promotion as evidenced by its debilitating impacts on livelihood. According to the NIMHE, over 900,000 adults claiming sickness and disability benefits report mental illnesses as the primary condition. Further statistics indicate that approximately 15% of people aged 65 and over experience depression. Depression, anxiety and phobias affect one in six individuals in a population at any one time, with the highest rates occurring among the deprived. Public health promotion efforts follow several approaches in dealing with the issue of mental health. Two of these approaches include the behaviour change strategy and policy change approaches....
n the other hand, the legislative approach to mental health promotion involves making efforts to change mental health policies to promote improvements in mental health and its outcomes. The two strategies have advantages and disadvantages, as well as different levels of efficacy. Besides, behaviour change and policy change approaches can be utilised in an integrated multi-strategy approach to mental health promotion. The Behaviour Change Approach to Mental Health Promotion As Douglas et al. (2010, p. 274) argues, the behaviour change approach to mental health promotion involves changing the perspectives of all sections of the society. Individuals with mental health illnesses and those at risk of developing mental health problems are influenced to change behaviour to achieve improvements, while at the same time tackling stigma, discrimination and social exclusion by the rest of the society. The approach also influences the community to understand, support and rid itself of discriminatory practices against the mentally ill and those around them as shown in Figure 1. In true public health promotion fashion, this approach seeks to achieve positive outcomes for the affected at an individual and communal level as discussed below. Figure 1: The behaviour change approach to mental health promotion. (Source: NIMHE 2008, p. 26) The approach for implementing behaviour change to promote mental health involves all stakeholders. The approach gears towards instituting cognitive behaviour changes that lead to strengthening of individuals, strengthening of communities and removal of salient and discernible barriers that arise against the mentally ill in society (NIMHE 2008, p. 26). At the individual level, behaviour change to promote mental health involves self-help approaches to adopt
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“Mental Health Promotion: Behaviour Change Approach Versus the Policy Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1394283-mental-health-promotion-behaviour-change-approach-versus-the-policy-change-approach.
The research paper considers the concepts about health promotion. A discussion of the theories which help explain health promotion activities, the ethical considerations encountered in health promotion practices are also presented in this study. Finally, a reflection on the complexities of partnership working are also presented in this work.
According to the paper different people have different perceptions about being healthy. It is very commonly believed that being in perfect shape and beautiful means being healthy, and to stay healthy one needs to eat nutritious food, do exercise and stay clean. The main factors that lead towards state of being unhealthy are poor diet, obesity, pollution, unhygienic conditions, illegal drug usage and lack of exercise.
Preventative health attention is now a part of the discourse on health care (Ashcroft 2007). Through behavioural approach theories that support empowerment, health promotion has shifted the way in which health care is considered (Lee 2001). The power dynamics of the relations that are created through health promotion is supported through self empowerment knowledge that allows for changes that create significant health care benefits within a community.
All his life was deprived of sorrows. If such appeared, support from the family was always helpful. Now, when John became an adult, the difficulty of facing the loss of dear people is dealt on the lever of child's perception of losing someone very dear who made up his or her world.
"Health promotion and prevention should be central to any transformations of the health care system". (Pender, N. J., 2003). Nursing was mainly concerned with disease treatment in the past. With the new idea of health promotion model, health was given importance on the basis of health education and health promotion from individualized information giving and disease treatment to participatory forms which are based on equity.
"Certainly it is, that, on the welfare of its labouring Poor, the prosperity of a country essentially depends " (Sir Frederic Eden, The State of the Poor, 1797, - Derived from: Quigley, William P., Undated).
These are the two broad spectrums of the two types of politics available today.
The organic network emphasizes increased flexibility of the organizational structure, decentralized decision making, and autonomy for working groups or teams. Change is a naturally occurring phenomenon, simply a part of living. Changes are milestones in an organization; although some changes are anticipated, many changes are entirely unexpected and sometimes unwelcome.
’s mortgage portfolio and Citigroup had stepped up to their rescue, offering a $1 share price and which Wachovia readily accepted consecutively to avoid bankruptcy. Some days later, Wells Fargo pounced down with a bid value seven times as much, and Wachovia willingly accepted.
As such, this paper discusses the measures that can be taken to influence behaviour change among the smokers in particular.
The transtheoretical model (TTM) is seen as the best model that can be implemented in order to influence
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