StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

The importance and influence of James Lovelock in geography - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
James Lovelock represents a new breed of scientists who are working to change the way that science in general and geography in particular is perceived. Lovelock operates independently as a scientist, an environmentalist and as a futurologist…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98% of users find it useful
The importance and influence of James Lovelock in geography
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "The importance and influence of James Lovelock in geography"

Download file to see previous pages James Lovelock represents a new breed of scientists who are working to change the way that science in general and geography in particular is perceived. Lovelock operates independently as a scientist, an environmentalist and as a futurologist. Though Lovelock has postulated numerous ideas over time but he is most famously recognised for his Gaia hypothesis. This hypothesis postulates that the biosphere surrounding the Earth regulates itself independently and possesses the capacity to keep the planet’s environment in a healthy state. This regulation is carried out in the biosphere using several chemical and physical processes that tend to regulate the balance of nature repeatedly. However, Lovelock’s work has been met with scepticism in some circles around the world and there have been attempts at postulating ideas that stand in opposition to Lovelock’s ideas. 2. Life History James Lovelock was born to working class parents in Letchworth Garden City located in Hertfordshire, England. His parents had an overbearing stress for education given their own backgrounds as illiterate and semi-literate workers in manufacturing establishments. After the birth of Lovelock the family migrated to London where he developed a certain distaste for authority given his treatment at Strand School (Lovelock, 2001). After completing school Lovelock worked for a photography firm during the day and took evening classes at Birkbeck College. Following this he enrolled at Manchester University for a chemistry programme and received his degree in 1941. After a chemistry degree Lovelock took up medicine and received his Ph.D. in 1948 from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Lovelock’s education did not end here, instead, he travelled over to the United States in order to pursue a degree in medicine. After being awarded the prestigious Rockefeller Travelling Fellowship in Medicine in 1954, Lovelock chose to spend the period first at Harvard University and then at Yale University. This was followed by a D.Sc. degree in biophysics from London University in 1959 after which he joined the National Institute in London. However, Lovelock resigned only two years later in 1961 and took up teaching as a full time profession at Baylor University College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. While he was at Baylor, Lovelock worked in collaboration with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory on Lunar and Planetary Research. Three years later in 1964 Lovelock resigned his academic position in order to pursue independent scientific practice. Lovelock has contributions to the fields of geo-physiology and medical research as well as numerous investigative inventions to his name such as gas chromatography, electron capture detector, palladium trans-modulator and a tracer method for mass transport measurements in air and water masses (Ecolo, 2010). This paper will attempt to discuss the contributions of James Lovelock to science in general and to geography in particular. 3. Scientific Contributions 3.1. Electron Capture Detector and CFCs The electron capture detector is one of Lovelock’s most esteemed inventions. This device has enabled scientists to investigate the phenomenon of ozone depletion particularly the role played by chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Lovelock was the first scientist to find that CFCs were pervasively present in the stratosphere although they were not a natural constituent (Lovelock, 1971). In an effort to quantify his findings Lovelock set out to measure the concentration levels of CFCs in the atmosphere on two different self funded expeditions. The first expedition took Lovelock to ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The importance and influence of James Lovelock in geography Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/geography/1444573-the-importance-and-influence-of-james-lovelock-in-geography
(The Importance and Influence of James Lovelock in Geography Essay)
https://studentshare.org/geography/1444573-the-importance-and-influence-of-james-lovelock-in-geography.
“The Importance and Influence of James Lovelock in Geography Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/geography/1444573-the-importance-and-influence-of-james-lovelock-in-geography.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The importance and influence of James Lovelock in geography

Faith and Works - Comparison of James 2:14 and Romans 4

While the apostles James and Paul agree that Faith connotes belief in God and Works connotes good actions, James contends that faith and works are both essential for salvation, while Paul asserts that faith is the only requisite.

James is unequivocal in his declaration that “faith by itself if it has no works, is dead” (2:17). However, he does not discount the importance of faith. His contention is that both are essential and one, without the other, is futile. He is addressing Christians, who, we may assume, are already among the congregation of the faithful, by virtue of their professed belief “that God is one” (2:19). Therefore, James accepts that faith is a precondition for salvation but asser...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

The Lament for Icarus by Herbert James Draper

By taking all this information together, understanding the artist, the time period, the image and the myth, one can gain a sense of the cultural understanding of this figure as it grew out of the Greek and Roman heritage into the period in which a particular representation is made.

Herbert James Draper was born in 1863 in London. His early education was received at St. John’s Wood Art School until he was finally accepted into the Royal Academy Schools in 1884 (Morgan & Nahum, 2006). His first art exhibit was held at the Academy in 1887. By 1898, “Lament for Icarus,” the painting to be discussed here, was purchased by the most influential public fund for modern art in the country at that time, the C...
9 Pages (2250 words) Case Study

The Business of Ethics: The Importance of Working With Integrity

1), “The subject of business ethics is one that has a long history of debate in business, academic, and public circles. Views vary on the extent of ethical responsibility that businesses should exercise. The minimalist position, long espoused by Milton Friedman, holds that the only ethical responsibility a business has is to make a profit within the confines of the law. In a free-market society, this single-minded pursuit of profit-making is ultimately in the best interest of society because market forces will maximize the economic well-being of societys members. Furthermore, Friedman argues that corporations are legal, not moral entities, and hence have no ethical obligations.”
However, most people would disagree...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

The Importance of Strategy Process

This is so done because the advantage is much needed in such a scenario and it will help the organization to grow beyond the anticipated proportions. Building and indeed sustaining this advantage is a very significant exercise when one speaks of a competitive advantage in the first place. Competitive advantage is something that is built over time and requires synchronization between the tactics, activities and the overall strategy of the company which is producing the product(s). Competitive advantage is developed when there is a differential undertaking on the part of the customer. This could be in the form of lower prices than the competitors, better quality, efficient sales services, and support and a number of other features....
10 Pages (2500 words) Assignment

The Importance of Tourism to the World Economy

Since the eighties, perceived risk research has been of ongoing interest to tourism researchers, Dolnicar (2005) and Dickson, Chapman, and Hurrell (2000)  states. Contributions often include those which investigate positive risk as a factor in increasing tourists who are seeking a thrill. On the other hand, there are also those who view these risks as something negative, thus avoiding the destinations which are haunted by different risks such as diseases, terrorism and other forms of political instability (Dickson & Tugwell, 2000).

The current qualitative research inquired about the risks perceived by young people as regards both domestic and international traveling. A sample of 23 was interviewed for this purp...
15 Pages (3750 words) Research Paper

The Importance of Place in a Groups Ethnic Identity

His work spans a broad range of subjects from ethnography among peasants in Algeria, to sociological analysis of nineteenth-century artists and writers, education, language, consumer and cultural tastes, religion, and science in modern French society. (p. 2)
Bourdieu’s major theoretical contributions to sociology are his notion of habitus and its associated concepts of social field and agency. Given the breadth of literature and uses of examples that Bourdieu produced in order to articulate these concepts, there is much room for interpretation of what they meant and how much social agency they afford to individuals. Nonetheless, this paper will explore the habitus, field, and agency in terms of the fluid dynamics of the...
13 Pages (3250 words) Assignment

The Importance of Employee Empowerment in the Global World

Empowerment is the authority to make decisions within one’s area of operation without having to get approval; from anyone else. Here the operatives are encouraged to use their initiative to do things the way they like. To this end, the employees are given not just authority but resources as well so that they not only take decisions but implement them quickly. This empowerment means giving the employees the authority to make decisions and providing them with financial resources to implement these decisions (Koch & Godden, 1997 11).
Employee participation and empowerment participation means sharing the decision making power with the lower ranks of an organization in an appropriate manner (Lashley & McGoldrick, 199...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

Built to Last by James Collins

The first and most important reason underlying the success of any company is the “core ideology”. These companies, whom he refers to as the visionary companies have at their heart, a set of “core values and a sense of purpose” (P.39) It is these strong fundamentals, that inspire the workers to do more than just work and make money. It guides them through their as well as the company’s goals.
Secondly, the companies indoctrinate their core ideology and thirdly set about the task of identifying people who are in concord with these key ideologies and train them to take on key leadership positions. The last principle of their success is the policy of aligning the organization in view with its avowed...
12 Pages (3000 words) Book Report/Review

The Geography of War and Peace

... applications in the modern era. b) After evaluating each author’s positions, discuss which author, in your opinion, makes the strongest arguments (argue in favor of Huntington or Said). Make sure your conclusions are grounded in a thorough discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the two authors, as you see them. It does not matter to me which author you choose to defend; the important thing is that you back up your conclusions with concrete references to the author’s own arguments, that you weigh both the strengths and weaknesses of the arguments, and that you make your judgment accordingly. An evaluation of the views of both the authors show that Huntington’s arguments have wide applications in the modern period as one can clearly...
10 Pages (2500 words) Assignment

Importance of ISO 9000 for Plym Yachts

...ISO 9000 Before probing into the issue of describing importance of international organization for standardization, ISO 9000, and then implementing itin the company, Plym Yachts, let’s first get a little introduction of ISO 9000. So starting with ISO 9000, it is that combination of systems that are made for such companies or businesses which have a motivation and enthusiasm for continuous growth and success in any specific competitive market. ISO 9000 is also said as that quality management system, which is combined with three other standards which are ISO 9000, ISO 9001, and ISO 9004. As we know that today’s business world is rapidly changing, it has become extremely important and crucial for any company or business to implement ISO 9000...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The importance and influence of James Lovelock in geography for FREE!

Contact Us