The essay "HIV/AIDS in South Africa and China" demonstrates the situation in South Africa and China that are seriously struggled from HIV/AIDS. It is stated that the HIV/AIDS epidemic first came to the lime light in the early 1980s and has ever since puzzled scientists and researchers around the world. …
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The HIV/AIDS epidemic first came to the lime light in the early 1980s and has ever since puzzled scientists and researchers around the world. The scourge accounts for many deaths in their millions around the world and is now one of the leading economic burdens globally. Particularly the poor sub Saharan Africa is the most affected region of the world accounting for approximately 70% of the infected population worldwide. Transmission in the poorer states especially in Africa and Latina America is largely through heterosexual relationships in commercial sex as well as in marriage and long-term relationships. South Africa falls here, and is one of the leading regions in terms of numbers of the already infected as well as the rising new infection rates under this region. In contrast, in other developed countries, transmission is predominantly among drug addicts during injection, homosexuals, and commercial sex workers. However, lately the transmission has changed significantly especially in the Asian and Eastern Europe regions. The virus is now mostly being transmitted through heterosexual intercourse in places where only drug injecting addicts and gays. In parts of Asia, where it has generically being transmitted among injecting drug users, commercial sex workers, gays and their clientele , is increasingly being found in other sectors of the society considered as low- risk areas through heterosexual transmissions. China falls under this region and is recording increased rates of infection from heterosexual ways (Joseph et. al. 314). In the case of South Africa, the news article, “South Africa launches new drive to cut HIV infection”, focuses on the monetary implications of fighting the...
In the case of South Africa, the news article, “South Africa launches new drive to cut HIV infection”, focuses on the monetary implications of fighting the scourge through provision of preventive measures as well as well as providing various therapies. The newspaper article focuses on the various methods used to curb the spread of the disease, emphasising on; the benefits of taking up anti retroviral therapies and their effectiveness in prolonging lives as well as reducing the probability of spreading the virus, and the impact of male circumcision in lowering the spread of the virus in men. Issues like the effect of policy on the initiatives taken to lower the spread, foreign aid, local initiatives and traditional systems in managing the situation. The author of the article delivers a well thought out framework for both the local citizenry and decision makers in containing the effects of the scourge on the nation and by extension the rest of sub Saharan Africa.
The china situation is quite the opposite of the South African case. Here the article, “China Reveals Significant Surge of HIV/AIDS Cases Among its Citizens”, captures a developing trend in the society, which is leading to changes in the way people go around their daily life in the process encouraging the spread of the disease in new ways. The focus is on the soaring cases of new infections, which are resulting from the generically unpopular sources of new transmissions. Here the focus is on putting an end to the new way in which the disease is finding its way into the society.
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AIDS is pandemic and encompasses many epidemics of different subtypes. The leading factor for its multiplication and spread include sexual transmission and vertical transmission where the fetus gets the disease from the mother (Kallings, 2008).
Unlike the myths around, they are diseases that can infect anyone in spite of his or her race, gender, or age. Based on the period of discovery the diseases could be traced back in Africa from where it is believed to have developed and spread. They destroy the human immune system, specifically the CD4 bearing cells (CD4+ T cells and Macrophages).
The issue which is linked to the disease is one which continues to be defined by the global issue as well as the needs which are a part of each community. Each of the programs which have been developed is specific to the need to assist in stopping the disease while helping those who are suffering from HIV or AIDS.
The paper discusses the problem of HIV diseases among pregnant African women stating the ways through which the country has committed itself to ensuring that these women receive the amount of care that they deserve. There is also the review of articles from the foreign land to understand the various aspects involved in the rather broad topic.
The magnitude of the illness has strained the economic state of one of the poorest countries in sub-Saharan Africa (Abdul, et al. 2010). Educating the people about HIV and providing them with antiretroviral therapy are the most pragmatic approaches of combating the epidemic.
The author states that the Human Immuno Deficiency virus can remain in dead body for years without showing any symptoms of being visible. The last of stage of disease to be infected is AIDS as it requires almost 10 years span of time to get infected and finally reaching the development of the AIDS disease.
At this time, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported cases of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in some otherwise healthy homosexual men of Los Angeles and 26 cases of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), again in 26 homosexual individuals both in New York and Los Angeles (Klimas et al., 2008).
These factors create a favourable business hub that has maximised domestic industry and encouraged foreign investors. South Africa has a cultural diversity arising from the black and white residents. The cultural diversity is characterized different
Currently, Africa hosts about 15 per cent of the world’s population, however, 70 percent of world’s victims are in Africa. In 2009, 72 percent of the world’s death because of AIDS came solely from Africa. The sub-Saharan part of Africa has more AIDS victims than any other part in the world (Douglas 2).
There is an exception to the ethical and legal obligation to confidentiality of HIV-related information. Doctors in the US are required to report AIDS and HIV infections to health authorities considering the benefits of this outweigh
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