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Critical review of Karl Poppers book: The Logic of Scientific Discoveries - Thesis Example

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Name: Course: Date: Critical review of Karl Poppers’ The Logic of Scientific Discoveries Introduction Karl Popper is characterizes as “the most prominent” proponent of “logical decuctionism” in the 20th century (Turner 2006, 343). Popper’s The Logic of Scientific Discovery first published in 1934 has emerged as the 20th century’s model for deductionism (Turner 2006, 343)…
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Critical review of Karl Poppers book: The Logic of Scientific Discoveries
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Download file to see previous pages The scientific truth is revealed when a theory is proven false under Popper’s famous falsificationism doctrine. Drawing on Popper’s deductive theory and falsificationism doctrine, Simon (1973) argues that Popper is essentially stating that “scientific discovery has no logic” (471). In other words, despite the Popper’s title, The Logic of Scientific Discovery, Popper argues quite the opposite proposition throughout his book. The title of the book implies that there is logic associated with scientific discovery. However, a close reading of the text reveals that there is little or no logic to scientific discovery. Scientific discovery commences with random suppositions which are tested so that those that can withstand rigorous tests to refute these suppositions are the end result of scientific discovery. As Shah (2008) puts it: When Popper refers to the logic of scientific discovery, he uses the term ‘discovery’ as a success word, implying that a discovery is something that has already survived critical refutation (303). This paper provides a critical analysis of Popper’s the Logic of Scientific Discovery and focuses more intently on the concept that the book’s title is misleading. ...
I. Brief Summary Essentially, Kopper’s The Logic of Scientific Discovery tackles the problem of induction. Kopper argues that it is not possible to prove scientific theories, but rather those theories can only be tested and then corroborated. What distinguishes inquiries into scientific theories is the fact that they are capable of being tested or in Popper’s own words, scientific theories can be investigated by reference to the falsifiability implicit in their theories (Popper 2002, 57). The distinction therefore arises since an unfalsifiable theory is not scientific because it is not capable of being tested (Popper 2002, ch. 4). Popper’s The Logic of Scientific Discovery is therefore a methodological theory. It sets out Popper’s theory on the form that scientific discovery takes. For Popper this form is not a naturalistic or sociological methodology. What amounts to science is ultimately tradition or decisive. Empirically, tradition or decisiveness is a product of experience and is not capable of naturalistic explanation (Popper 2002). Therefore, while Popper is in fact discussing a scientific philosophy, although science is a natural phenomenon, Popper manages nonetheless, to separate it from conventions associated with positivist or empiricist convention. The empiricist or the positivist, unlike Popper, do not emphasise the significance of decisiveness or tradition. Cumulatively, Popper’s theory of scientific discovered culminates in the view that science is the result of a collection of knowledge founded on falsifiability and is perpetually vulnerable to modification (Popper 2002). Just how Popper presents and rationalizes this theory of scientific discovery is analysed below. II. Analysis of Popper’s The Logic of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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