quora
Nobody downloaded yet

Does the use of prophylactic antibiotics ensure the prevention of surgical site infections - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Does the use of prophylactic antibiotics ensure the prevention of surgical site infections? An analysis of evidence-based nursing research Sheila Johnson Nursing Research Nur: 430 Dayle Comar May 2nd, 2011 Introduction Surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the most common complications of surgery, characterized by a constellation of clinical findings occurring within 30 days of surgery and mainly due to Gram-positive bacteria (Bucher, Warner & Dillon, 2011)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.9% of users find it useful
Does the use of prophylactic antibiotics ensure the prevention of surgical site infections
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Does the use of prophylactic antibiotics ensure the prevention of surgical site infections"

Download file to see previous pages Several strategies have been suggested to improve antibiotic prophylaxis (AP), including: providing education or individualized feedback to clinicians; establishing multidisciplinary protocols to ameliorate team-level communication; implementing institutional antibiotic prophylaxis programs involving integrated systems to reduce, curtail or control the administration of antibiotics (Gagliardi, Fenech, Eskicioglu, Nathens & McLeod, 2009). With the goal of optimizing antibiotic prophylaxis of surgical-site infections a multidisciplinary approach has been recently revised by Olin (Olin, 2006). The author presents the main points in prescribing, dispensing, and administration practices to achieve 100% compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis, and he cites in particular: initiating prophylactic antimicrobials within one hour of surgical incision, by choosing them according to guidelines, and discontinuing antimicrobial prophylaxis within 24 hours after surgery (Olin, 2006). A crucial issue in antibiotic-based peri-operative prophylaxis is the timing of antibiotic delivery. Although there is a general agreement on recommending antibiotic treatment within one to two hours of incision for patients undergoing surgery, contrasting results demand further research. Several clinical studies continue to be published yearly, aiming at optimizing the timing of antibiotic treatments (Gupta, Hote, Choudhury, Kapil & Bisoi, 2010). The purpose of my assay is to evaluate a recently published evidence-based nursing research aimed to assess the effects of the SURPASS checklist on implementation on antibiotic prophylaxis (de Vries, Dijkstra, Smorenburg, Meijer & Boermeester, 2010). SURPASS is the acronym for SURgical Patient Safety System, a checklist previously developed by the same authors of the study hereby analyzed, which was aimed to increase standardization surgical procedures and patient safety (de Vries, Hollmann, Smorenburg, Gouma & Boermeester, 2009). Research study synopsis and analysis De Vries et al. (2010) performed a retrospective analysis on two cohorts of patients who underwent surgery before and after implementation of the SURPASS checklist, with the specific aim to determine whether the introduction of the implemented SURPASS checklist affected the timing of antibiotic prophylaxis. Importantly, the retrospectively collected data (including those extracted from the electronic patient data management system) were validated by observations, in which actual times of antibiotic administration and incision were recorded. This approach validated the use of electronic records of hospitalized patient management. A total of 772 surgical procedures were included in the study, divided in two cohorts treated with pre- and post-implementation (PI) checklist, respectively. Patient characteristics were listed in Table 1 of the paper. The latter and the use of a PI checklist were independent variables. Dependent variables were the intervals between antibiotics administration and incision (Figure 2 of the paper), expressed as a function of checklist implementation, i.e. in surgery performed before or after checklist implementation. Since in the PI cohort the checklist was actually used in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Does the use of prophylactic antibiotics ensure the prevention of Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1419641-does-the-use-of-prophylactic-antibiotics-ensure
(Does the Use of Prophylactic Antibiotics Ensure the Prevention of Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1419641-does-the-use-of-prophylactic-antibiotics-ensure.
“Does the Use of Prophylactic Antibiotics Ensure the Prevention of Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1419641-does-the-use-of-prophylactic-antibiotics-ensure.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Surgical Site Infections
There are various safety issues that have been identified as a result of such infections. The risks factors are many both human and system and therefore necessitating a closer look at them (NICE, 2008.) The joint commission released its 2010 National Patient Safety Goals and among them is goal number seven that aims to reduce the risk of healthcare-associated infections.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Antibiotics
Various antibiotics work differently on various types of bacteria, but for one aim. By definition, antibiotics are ineffective against viruses and thus prescribing antibiotics when unnecessary or ineffective encourages increase in antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Antibiotics
In 1941, the antibiotic agent Penicillin G was found to be effective against almost all strains of Staphylococcus aureus but by 1944 the bacterium had
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Examine the professional & legal implications of surgical site marking
318). Professional implications of wrong surgical site marking include revoking of surgical licenses of surgeons, creation of a bad reputation for the surgeons, among others. Legal implications of
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
The Nurses' Role in the Prevention of Healthcare-associated Infections
Studies have shown that nurses have a significant role to play in preventing the HAIs since these negatively impact on the welfare of different people who may be affected. Mandatory and voluntary surveillance schemes are effective in dealing with the problem associated with HAIs and these should be properly implemented by the nurses.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
The use of prophylactic antibiotics to reduce the instances of surgical site infections
In many hospitals great care and staffing are assigned to ensure that infectious outcomes are limited via adequate administration, cross checking, and backup protocols. Through the Stetler Model, we will apply nursing techniques and applications to design a model for a smaller community hospital setting using current research models to write nursing guidelines for surgical antibiotic immunoprophylaxis.
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper
Oral Infections and Orthopedic Surgical Procedures
Any surgical procedure is done to prevent further damage to a person’s body and the least thing healthcare providers would want is to add any probable complication. Included in the most common complications that occur after surgery are surgical site infections, sepsis, cardiovascular complications, and respiratory complications, including postoperative pneumonia and thromboembolic complications.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Nursing Research Paper
A number of articles will also be used. The significance of this question will also be addressed in the course of this study. A summary will then be provided of the types of studies retrieved in addition to an algorithm of the research. Key findings will be highlighted, citing studies that have contributed most to the subject matter.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Surgical Site Infection in Post-Op Patients
Other surgical site infections are exceedingly grave and may involve body tissues found under the skin, the organs or the implanted substance. It is therefore without doubt that surgical site infections represent a considerable portion of infections associated with health care.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Continuous Quality Care: Surgical Site Infection
743). According to CMS, “a never event must be unambiguous, preventable, serious, and either adverse, indicate of a problem in the facility, or important for public credibility and accountability”; and the eight conditions CMS initially addressed are “catheter-associated urinary tract infections, vascular catheter-associated infections, and surgical site infections after coronary artery bypass grafting, certain orthopedic surgeries, and bariatric surgery” (as cited in Brown et al, 2009).
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Does the use of prophylactic antibiotics ensure the prevention of surgical site infections for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us