StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Oral Infections and Orthopedic Surgical Procedures - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Name Professor Subject Date Oral Infections in Orthopedic Surgical Procedures Preventing infections after any surgical procedure is the main goal of post operative care. This is to ensure safety of clients to be free from any harm of complications that could arise from invasive procedures such as surgeries…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.4% of users find it useful
Oral Infections and Orthopedic Surgical Procedures
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Oral Infections and Orthopedic Surgical Procedures"

Download file to see previous pages Patients who experience postoperative complications have dramatically increased hospital length of stay, hospital costs, and mortality and morbidity rates (Brazler & Hunt). Particularly in this paper, complications after orthopedic surgical procedures, such as hip, knee or shoulder joint repair, arising from oral infections will be discussed in terms of its incidence, management, prevention and cure. Post surgical infection: The dental and orthopedic relation According to Callan et al., the total population of the oral microflora of the human mouth has been estimated at 6 billion microbes that includes approximately 140 taxonomic groups and 700 plus different species. Although it is unlikely that any one individual harbors more than 200 species, according to studies at least 30 species participate in the inflammatory periodontal diseases. The 30 known species are mostly gram-negative and anaerobic, and produce endotoxins and other antigens capable of eliciting a profound host immune response (Callan et al.). Since a person’s oral cavity is naturally populated with dense and diverse population of oral microbes, it is said that dental patients suffer from periodic episodes of transient bacterial infections of oral origins. Dental procedures have long been considered a potential cause of implant infections even after the initial orthopedic postoperative period. This is because dental procedures can introduce bacteria from the mouth into the bloodstream (Jevsevar 1). Numerous reports have identified bacteremia in patients after dental treatment procedures such as extractions, scaling, periodontal probing, suture removal, orthodontic treatment, restorative dentistry, and nonsurgical endodontic therapy. Surprisingly it is also considered that even normal everyday oral activities such as mastication, tooth brushing and dental flossing can contribute to bacterial penetration in the blood stream. In fact several authors say that everyday oral event is more significant than dental procedures as a probable cause of systemic infection that leads to orthopedic surgery complications (Callan et al.). In the United States, it is estimated that more than 500,000 total joint arthroplasties are performed annually. Infection rate of such surgery are secondary to bacteremia. However, in spite of the potential for infection, case studies suggest that the risk of a joint prosthesis infection from bacteremia of oral origin is exceedingly low (Callan et al.). According to some studies, most joint infections appear to be caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, or other coagulase-negative staphylococci which are, on the contrary, not oral in origin. The predominant oral microbes implicated in both endocarditis and septic prosthetic joints belong to the viridians streptococci family such as Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus gordonii, Streptococcus sanguis, and Streptococcus mutans. In addition to being ?-hemolytic, all of the viridans streptococci are aerobic, gram-positive microbes. Analyzed data from 6 studies determined that roughly 66% of 281 bacteria isolated from prosthetic joint infections were staphylococci, but only a small percentage of 5% were classified as viridans streptococci (Callan et al.). Such study suggest that orthopedic infections resulting from bacteremia o ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Oral Infections and Orthopedic Surgical Procedures Research Paper”, n.d.)
Oral Infections and Orthopedic Surgical Procedures Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1465960-oral-infections-and-orthopedic-surgical-procedures
(Oral Infections and Orthopedic Surgical Procedures Research Paper)
Oral Infections and Orthopedic Surgical Procedures Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1465960-oral-infections-and-orthopedic-surgical-procedures.
“Oral Infections and Orthopedic Surgical Procedures Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1465960-oral-infections-and-orthopedic-surgical-procedures.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Oral Infections and Orthopedic Surgical Procedures

The Negative Impacts of Gastrostomy Feeding on Oral Feeding in Children

Some of the indications for a gastrostomy include congenital anomalies like esophageal fistula, tracheoesophageal fistula, cleft lip and palate, intestinal atresia, and abdominal wall defects.

Other conditions include Down syndrome, failure to thrive, gastroesophageal reflux disease, cystic fibrosis, organ transplants, cancer, congenital heart defect, and infants with cerebral palsy and encephalopathy (Burd & Burd, 2003)

Nasogastric tube feeding may be used for the short-term but there are numerous limitations in its long-term use including nasal discomfort, irritation or penetration of the larynx, recurrent pulmonary aspiration, blockage or displacement of the tube, and decreased survival rates. Therefor...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Consent to Surgery or Other Procedures, and to Care

... indicated. The general guideline for good practice is that written consent is obtained when the intervention is complex or involves significant risk like in major surgical procedures, or side effects like in chemotherapy. For a nursing professional it may not be practical or possible to get written consent for every aspect of nursing care provided. Oral or implied consent is sufficient, like extending the arm for taking blood pressure (Department of Health, 2001). Patients can choose autonomously only when they are well informed and thus they have the right to receive information on their condition and the medical and nursing interventions that could be employed in their state so that they can make an informed choice. Informed choice...
11 Pages(2750 words)Literature review

The Value of Standards and Ethical Procedures for Sport, Leisure & Tourism Organizations

...The value of s of practice, standards, sustainable approaches and ethical procedures for sport, leisure & tourism organisations Introduction The increase of technology in all industrial sectors led to the increase of complexity of activities related with the particular sectors; in fact, the development of a new framework of social relationships and professional commitments – as a result of the entrance of technology in human activities – has been quite rapid. In many cases, people could not understand the context of their responsibilities – within their new role in the society; the introduction of codes of ethical standards and procedures helped people to understand their responsibilities and the results of the potential violation...
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review

Accounting Policies and Procedures Followed by J Sainsbury Plc and Tesco Plc

...Financial Reporting and Control Executive Summary In the first part the accounting policies and procedures followed by J Sainsbury Plc has been discussed briefly with an emphasis on the notes relating to fixed assets; operating profit; Property, Plant & Equipment and Provision. The method of depreciation followed by the company has also been discussed including the bases with respect to the various assets. In the next part the financial ratios of J Sainsbury Plc has been compared to its rival Tesco Plc. The ratios relating to liquidity, profitability, gearing and investment have been computed for the purpose of analysis. Current and quick ratios have been calculated under the liquidity head. For profitability, ratios relating to gross...
8 Pages(2000 words)Statistics Project

The Practice of Orthopedic Practitioners

...The purpose of this essay is to critically evaluate a case study. The paper starts with a brief introduction of the situation at hand and then moves onto the analysis of the issues raised for the people involved under the model of Driscoll and Teh (2001). Further, it takes into account many scenarios and generally demonstrates the potential for reflective practice for orthopedic practitioners. Thesis Statement and Research Methodology In this essay I will demonstrate through the use of a case study the need for ethics, values, and also the nature of knowledge that is required for the practice of orthopedic practitioners, be they doctors or nurses. For the purpose of research, I have analyzed many literature reviews so that the arguments...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Assess, plan and design possible teaching and learning interactions that promote acquisition and learning of oral, visual and written languages/literacies for the child

... that she is interested in medical procedures done by the doctors and nurses in the hospital. The pictures were illustrated by nurses themselves, so Daneka will have a more concrete idea of what they actually do. 21. Two Resources: In support of Daneka’s interest in medical procedures and health concerns, I can turn to this resource: http://www.childfun.com/index.php/activity-themes/community-helpers/131-doctor-activity-theme.pdf. This provides me with a multitude of ideas and activities that I can do with Daneka which consists of arts and crafts, games and activities, songs and poems and a whole lot more all on the theme of doctors and nurses I will also keep a copy of Appendix F: Functions of Language in Hoghen & Wasley’s (1989...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

For a patient with a traumatic physical injury, will regenerative medicine using the extra-cellular matrix technique as compared to surgical repair and reconstruction increase patient recovery outcome, improve function and maintain esthetics

This occurs when the body is wounded as a result of an object piercing the body. The result of penetrating trauma is an open wound on the victim. Physical trauma can also be as a result of controlled injury. Controlled injury refers to the reconstructive process of the physical trauma patient through procedures like surgery which can be a cause of physical trauma (Tedeschi, Tedeschi, & Eckert, 1977, 645-650).
Trauma patients are at a great risk of losing their lives because of numerous reasons. One such reason is the fact that a trauma patient loses a lot of blood and the result of this is shock. The greater the amount of blood lost, the greater the shock and the greater the risk of death for the patient. Another reason why tr...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Microbiology and Chemistry, Bacterial and Fungal Infections

... of practical sessions, amoxicillin sodium and amoxicillin trihydrate, indicate which is used in which type of pharmaceutical preparation (1 mark). Amoxicillin sodium is used in the treatment of certain types of bacterial infection Amoxicillin trihydrate is used in the treatment or prevention of various types of bacterial infections 2. In Session 1, you determined the absorbance of a series of concentrations of amoxicillin sodium. Insert your spectra here. Insert your image as a jpeg in the box below, do not copy and paste the image as it may not resize correctly. Do not exceed this page – PTO 3. Complete the table below indicating the values for absorbance ‘A’ and the concentration in mM that were determined in Session 1. (6 marks...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Oral History of September 11 Terrorist Attacks

... Oral History of September 11 Terrorist Attacks Introduction The 2001 September 11 attacks were a chain of four well-coordinated terrorist attacks perpetrated by al-Qaeda, the Islamic terrorist group, upon the U.S. in New York and the metropolitan district of Washington, DC, on Tuesday the 11th day of September in 2001. The incident yielded to the annihilation 2,996 including 2,977 being victims and 19 hijackers and destroyed property and infrastructure worth at least $10 billion (Scott 33). The paper presents an oral history of the event in which a person who experienced the event first hand is interviewed. By demonstrating how local and global events affect individuals, oral history adds a personal touch to our understanding of the past...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Ordinary Wound Dressing and Surgical Site Infections

... can be used on patients after oral surgery procedures to catalyze the healing process (Length & Paper 2008). The fourth study significant to the research question was level 2 and therapeutic as well (Gaspard et al. 2013). The McGill University Health Centre of Quebec Montreal conducted the study with the aim of establishing if cardiac surgery related surgical site infections can be reduced by the use of antimicrobial dressing. The nature of the study was random, prospective and cohort and the patients were qualified based on the cardiac surgical procedures specifically the coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve replacement, and or repair of the median sternotomy. The research was planned and executed between May 28 2005...
16 Pages(4000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Oral Infections and Orthopedic Surgical Procedures for FREE!

Contact Us