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Oral Infections in Orthopedic Surgical Procedures - Essay Example

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This work called "Oral Infections in Orthopedic Surgical Procedures" describes complications after orthopedic surgical procedures, such as hip, knee, or shoulder joint repair, arising from oral infections. The author takes into account its incidence, management, prevention, and cure…
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Oral Infections in Orthopedic Surgical Procedures
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Download file to see previous pages According to Callan et al., the total population of the oral microflora of the human mouth has been estimated at 6 billion microbes that include approximately 140 taxonomic groups and 700 plus different species. Although it is unlikely that anyone individual harbors more than 200 species, according to studies at least 30 species participate in the inflammatory periodontal diseases. The 30 known species are mostly gram-negative and anaerobic and produce endotoxins and other antigens capable of eliciting a profound host immune response (Callan et al.).
Since a person’s oral cavity is naturally populated with a dense and diverse population of oral microbes, it is said that dental patients suffer from periodic episodes of transient bacterial infections of oral origins. Dental procedures have long been considered a potential cause of implant infections even after the initial orthopedic postoperative period. This is because dental procedures can introduce bacteria from the mouth into the bloodstream (Jevsevar 1). Numerous reports have identified bacteremia in patients after dental treatment procedures such as extractions, scaling, periodontal probing, suture removal, orthodontic treatment, restorative dentistry, and nonsurgical endodontic therapy. Surprisingly it is also considered that even normal everyday oral activities such as mastication, tooth brushing, and dental flossing can contribute to bacterial penetration in the bloodstream. In fact, several authors say that everyday oral event is more significant than dental procedures as a probable cause of the systemic infection that leads to orthopedic surgery complications (Callan et al.).
In the United States, it is estimated that more than 500,000 total joint arthroplasties are performed annually.  The infection rate of such surgery is secondary to bacteremia.  However, in spite of the potential for infection, case studies suggest that the risk of a joint prosthesis infection from bacteremia of oral origin is exceedingly low (Callan et al.). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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