StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Nosocomial infections - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
One of the challenges is the continued occurrence of the nosocomial infections also known as health care- associated infections (HAIs). The infections are noted to be acquired while one is receiving treatment for other…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.3% of users find it useful
Nosocomial infections
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Nosocomial infections"

Nosocomial Infections The health sector continues to face various challenges. One of the challenges is the continued occurrence of the nosocomial infections also known as health care- associated infections (HAIs). The infections are noted to be acquired while one is receiving treatment for other diseases in a health care environment (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP) 1). Therefore, HAIs can be acquired in any place care is being administered to a patient. Such places a patient may be prone to infection includes hospitals, outpatient settings, and in long-term care facilities (ODPHP 1). This report will look at various issues related to HAIs.
Nosocomial infections have been a problem for many countries of the world. The challenge occurs as majority of countries are unable to put mechanisms to monitor HAIs. However, a number of countries have systems that could help in surveillance of these infections, but they lack a standard way of establishing infections. These challenges make it difficult to quantify information on these types of infections. However, various studies carried out have been able to establish that there are millions of patients that are affected HAIs in different parts of the world (World Health Organization (WHO) 1).
There are worrying statistics concerning these infections in different parts of the world. As noted in the World Health Organization report, HAIs varies between 3.5 and 12 percent in those countries that are perceived as developed (WHO 2). In Europe, the average rate of infections is noted as 7.1 percents. In the region, over four million cases are reported in a very year. On the other hand, the infections have been a serious problem in United States. As it is, about four percent of admitted patients are said to have an infection linked to the hospital care (ODPHP 1). The infections lead to huge spending in the healthcare sector and also cause death. The infection or have huge consequences to individuals involved. In addition, the effects have been found more common in countries with limited resources as compared to those with more resources (WHO 2).
There are common types of these infections that occur in the care environment. The most common are listed as urinary tract infections, surgical site infections, and bloodstream infections (ODPHP 1). However, these infections have been reducing in the recent past due to various initiatives that have been taking place in the healthcare sector.
On the other hand, there are various factors that put the patients at risk of acquiring HAI. The most common is the wrong use of medical equipments such as invasive devices and antibiotics. The other is poor following of the medical procedure in the care environment. Also, it may be caused by failure to observe all standard and isolation precautions (WHO 3). The other causes are linked to limited resources available in the care environment. Some of these may include poor hygiene, lack of enough knowledge on handling of patients, lack of enough staffs and equipments, and the absence of national guidelines and policies (WHO 3).
In conclusion, it is clear nosocomial infections are a challenge in many countries. Therefore, there need to be proper ways of reducing infection.
Works Cited
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). “Health Care-Associated Infections (HAIs).” Health.gov. Web. 29 March 2015.
World Health Organization (WHO). “Health care-associated infections FACT SHEET.” Who.int. Web. 29 March 2015. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Nosocomial infections Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/medical-science/1685784-nosocomial-infections
(Nosocomial Infections Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/medical-science/1685784-nosocomial-infections.
“Nosocomial Infections Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/medical-science/1685784-nosocomial-infections.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Nosocomial infections

Microbiological infections

...?Question Discuss other microbiological infections that may have been considered before the microbiology laboratory results were available. Give reasons for their consideration and reasons for their elimination. Based on the history and physical examination of the patient, my primary working impression for this particular case is Herpes zoster. However, other microbiological infections that can be considered as differentials are the following: Disease Entity Reasons for ruling in Reasons for ruling out 1. Herpes zoster 1. Unilateral grouped vesicles 2. Dermatomal presentation 3. Neuropathic pain localized on the affected dermatome prior to the development of vesicles 4. Pruritic lesions 5. With prodromal stage prior to appearance...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Yeast Infections

...? Yeast infections are very common and are caused by fungus that can survive anywhere including the human body. The scientific for yeast is Candida. The human body’s immune system usually keeps the amount of yeast infection causing bacteria under control and if the immune is weak (sickness etc) then these bacteria can multiply rapidly and cause yeast infections. A common misconception about yeast infections is that vaginal yeast infections are the only form of yeast infections that occur in the human body. This is certainly not true however and other forms of yeast infections are also very common. These other forms of yeast infections include: Thrush, Esophagitis, Skin yeast infections, and yeast infections in the bloodstream. Let us first...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Bloodstream Infections

..., appropriate flushing procedures, tubing replacement and increasing time allocated for CVC management. Other intervention that impact on the percentages of blood stream infections includes, educating of the stuff so as to make the nurses aware of evidence based infection control guidelines for inserting and also for maintaining of CVCs. This will help in prevention of nosocomial infections and empower them to stop catheter insertion if guidelines have not been followed. Putting in place a checklist will be important in ensuring that the nurses adhere to evidence based guidelines of preventing infections. Creation of a catheter insertion carts will be critical in ensuring that nurses obtain all the materials needed to follow the CDC...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Specific Nosocomial Infections (UTI, Wound/Incision, Pneumonia, Sepsis)

...characteristics entail age, co-morbidities, severity of health status, and surgical and medical procedures. Hospital characteristics entail cross contamination, intensity of nursing care, and the extent to which the hospital adheres to the infection control program. Urinary tract infections, pneumonia, surgical wounds sepsis have been documented as the most common nosocomial infections and hence the prevalence of this research proposal (Hassan et al. 2010). 2. Accrediting or legislative bodies’ mandates/regulations The Hospital Infectious Disease Control Program accredited was accredited into law on January 2007. It required an appointment of a Healthcare Associated...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Proposal

Nosocomial ( Hospital-Acquired) Infections

...advancements in pharmacology and antibiotics, these infections still exist. These infections affect all countries in the world irrespective of whether the country is developed or backward.” A prevalence survey conducted under the auspices of WHO in 55 hospitals of 14 countries representing 4 WHO Regions (Europe, Eastern Mediterranean, South-East Asia and Western Pacific) showed an average of 8.7% of hospital patients had nosocomial infections” (Prevention of Hospital Acquired infections, 1) The presence of a compromised host and optimum survival factors are essential for the transmission of nosocomial infections. When a...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

QI Initiative On Reducing Nosocomial Infections In Wards

...QI Initiative On Reducing Nosocomial Infections In Wards Part 1: The problem and mission Selected nursing indicator The newly appointed director of the Clinix realized that the facility’s rate of nosomical infections particularly in the inpatient wards was overwhelming as the figures stood above that recorded by similar hospitals in the state. Clinix is a 200-bed hospital and it has been recording high rate of hospital-acquired infections, which stands at Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR) =2.9 and this figure is above average margin of the entire Nation, which stands at SIR= 0.6. This is according to The National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) 2011 data. NHSN is a public health surveillance system that Centers for Disease Control...
17 Pages(4250 words)Essay

Nosocomial infection

...Nosocomial infection is also known as hospital acquired infection. It is a newly discovered form of infection which is said to be developed in a patient at the time of hospitalization. The symptoms of this infection can be identified after 24 to 72 hours of admission of a patient to the hospital. The expanded form of nosocomial infection is “Hospital acquired infection”. This sometimes takes into consideration the infection that patients may acquire in different institutions other than Health Care Units, or the infection acquired by people at the time of hospitalization but is diagnosed after they get discharged, or the infection that patients gets from patient care operations such as surgeries or dialysis. According to an early research...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Nosocomial Infections

..., it is estimated that the nosocomial infections affect up to 6 people out of every 100 patients who are admitted. In the year 1995, it was recorded that 88000 people succumbed to these infections and died. In the same year it was estimated that these infections served a burden of $4.5 billion of economic burden (Weinstein 1998). Nosocomial infections are preventable and there are many measures which can be implied. The first and foremost recommendation is that cleaning of the hands is very important and hand washing should be stressed upon. It is necessary to carry out invasive procedures like catheterization only in the instance if it...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Nosocomial Diseases

... infections, giving information about how they are spread, the incidence and prevalence, and the likely presentation and infectious agent. Giving such a thorough overview is useful in tackling most of the basic knowledge needed to fully answer the thesis statement, as well as providing information on the specific prevention tactics that clinical staff can take. Garner, J.S. et al. ‘CDC Definitions for Nosocomial Infections, 1988’. American journal of infection control 16.3 (1988): 128–140. Print. This peer-reviewed paper gives information provided by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) on nosocomial infections. This gives an official perspective on how to deal with the infections as well as their prevalence in medical environments...
4 Pages(1000 words)Annotated Bibliography

Nosocomial Infections and Intervention Strategies

..., Jarvis & Brachman, 2007). E. coli emanates from taking contaminated food and water. E. coli may lead to death or permanent health problems if appropriate measures are taken on time. Nosocomial diseases can be termed as an infection that a person gets while being attend to in a health institution. The goal for this task is to explore the nosocomial infections, intervention strategies and recommendations on how to control and manage the various types of nosocomial infections. Analysis of Good Health Hospital records Records of Good Health Hospital show that a number of nosocomial diseases have been reported. Among the commonest nosocomial infections at Good Health Hospital includes, surgical site infection, pneumonia infection, and unitary...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Nosocomial infections for FREE!

Contact Us