The object of analysis for the purpose of this assignment is a nosocomial infection which is also known as hospital-acquired infection. It is a newly discovered form of infection which is said to be developed in a patient at the time of hospitalization…
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The research paper "Nosocomial infection" describes the causes of the infections. The frequent type of infections that can be categorized as nosocomial infection includes the surgical wound infection, bloodstream infection, pneumonia and urinary tract infection. The cause of 80 percent of the nosocomial urinary tract infection is the use of the unsterilized urinary catheter. nosocomial surgical wound infection can be categorized as the exposure of the wound to the bacteria contaminated environment at the time of surgery. The causation of occurrence of nosocomial pneumonia is the frequent visit of patients to the intensive care units. Moreover, the cause of nosocomial bloodstream infection is the usage of the unsterilized vascular catheter. The duration of catheterization can also be associated with the cause of nosocomial blood stream infection. It is important that the health instructors must have the medical history of patients at the time of hospitalization for it will help in the better understanding of the development of nosocomial infection. The hospitalized patients suffering from leukaemia or going through any sort of implants have weaker immunity because of their ongoing therapy. The bodies of such patients are exposed to the bacteria that normally do not affect other people. The other causes of this infection are delayed rehabilitation, prolonged exposure to the therapies such as anti-microbial therapy, delayed healing of wounds and adverse effects of prolonged hospitalization. The duration of stay of urinary infection is about 3.8 days, 7.4 days for surgical infection and about 7 to 24 days for nosocomial blood stream infection. nosocomial infection occurring in knee or hip can be prolonged or in some cases may cause permanent disability in patients. nosocomial infection can be the cause of mortality in some extreme conditions. Fighting the war against nosocomial infection can be costly. In America the direct cause associated with nosocomial infection or hospital acquired infection is around $4.5 billion annually. The increasing number of nosocomial patients overcrowds the ward and this may restrict the access of other patients suffering from serious health issues to the healthcare facilities. A multi-disciplinary and systematic approach is required for prevention against hospital acquired infection. The prevention and control over the nosocomial infection can be achieved by the help and assistance of different infection control programs. The management of such infection control programs conducts regular surveys, surveillance and development of effective infection control policies, taking the advice of expert panel and educating the patients as well as the hospital staff regarding the causation and prevention of the disease. These infection control programs can be quite effective as they decrease the frequency of cases of nosocomial infection to about 50 percent.
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“Nosocomial Infection Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1490601-nosocomial-infection.
According to the studies made by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimate of 336,000 cases had been diagnosed positively with C. difficile infection in the year 2009. The 2009 report has shown an increase in the C. difficile spread as compared to the 139,000 diagnosed cases in the year 2000.
The conclusion from this paper states that nonsocomical infections are serious infections spread during the course of patient hospitalization. Such infections are quite dangerous as they result in lower defenses, in patient bodily systems. In order to deter the occurrence of nonsocomical infections, hand hygiene is of paramount importance.
This book is an excellent source of information on infection control procedures. It thoroughly examines the way in which infection can spread, and how the spread can be prevented. What is particularly useful about this sources is that it focuses on nosocomial infections,
According to the paper VAP is a hospital acquired infection of the lungs that develops after an intubated individual is hospitalized for not less than 48 hours. Patients with VAP often present with the following symptoms; increase in body temperature, altered sputum colour and thickness as well as leukocytosis.
Its diagnosis varies from one hospital to another, but it requires a modern infiltrate in chest X-rays together with other factors.
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The author states that besides the indwelling catheter, however, nosocomial urinary tract infections can result from contaminated beddings that cause direct entry of microorganisms. The danger of the situation is that with the repeated emptying of the urinary bag and handling of the catheters, there is risk of a rise of the infection.
Recently, the rise of the infection rates raised an alarm in the medical field. They have caused a high mortality rate in a number of nations, which affects the population growth of the affected countries. In addition, the cost of
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
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