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Nosocomial infection - Research Paper Example

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The object of analysis for the purpose of this assignment is a nosocomial infection which is also known as hospital-acquired infection. It is a newly discovered form of infection which is said to be developed in a patient at the time of hospitalization…
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Nosocomial infection
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"Nosocomial infection"

Download file to see previous pages The research paper "Nosocomial infection" describes the causes of the infections. The frequent type of infections that can be categorized as nosocomial infection includes the surgical wound infection, bloodstream infection, pneumonia and urinary tract infection. The cause of 80 percent of the nosocomial urinary tract infection is the use of the unsterilized urinary catheter. nosocomial surgical wound infection can be categorized as the exposure of the wound to the bacteria contaminated environment at the time of surgery. The causation of occurrence of nosocomial pneumonia is the frequent visit of patients to the intensive care units. Moreover, the cause of nosocomial bloodstream infection is the usage of the unsterilized vascular catheter. The duration of catheterization can also be associated with the cause of nosocomial blood stream infection. It is important that the health instructors must have the medical history of patients at the time of hospitalization for it will help in the better understanding of the development of nosocomial infection. The hospitalized patients suffering from leukaemia or going through any sort of implants have weaker immunity because of their ongoing therapy. The bodies of such patients are exposed to the bacteria that normally do not affect other people. The other causes of this infection are delayed rehabilitation, prolonged exposure to the therapies such as anti-microbial therapy, delayed healing of wounds and adverse effects of prolonged hospitalization. The duration of stay of urinary infection is about 3.8 days, 7.4 days for surgical infection and about 7 to 24 days for nosocomial blood stream infection. nosocomial infection occurring in knee or hip can be prolonged or in some cases may cause permanent disability in patients. nosocomial infection can be the cause of mortality in some extreme conditions. Fighting the war against nosocomial infection can be costly. In America the direct cause associated with nosocomial infection or hospital acquired infection is around $4.5 billion annually. The increasing number of nosocomial patients overcrowds the ward and this may restrict the access of other patients suffering from serious health issues to the healthcare facilities. A multi-disciplinary and systematic approach is required for prevention against hospital acquired infection. The prevention and control over the nosocomial infection can be achieved by the help and assistance of different infection control programs. The management of such infection control programs conducts regular surveys, surveillance and development of effective infection control policies, taking the advice of expert panel and educating the patients as well as the hospital staff regarding the causation and prevention of the disease. These infection control programs can be quite effective as they decrease the frequency of cases of nosocomial infection to about 50 percent. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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