Proposal for Change The study of various research reports suggests that youth, worldwide, severely lack adequate knowledge of HIV / AIDS necessary to protect them from the disease. Hence, youth are one of the most vulnerable groups, followed closely by women (Baldwin, 2009)…
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Without a cure, it is most likely impossible to completely rid the world of HIV / AIDS; however, with the help of rapidly developing technology and collaboration with global planners, caregivers, and health care policy makers, programs can be created and awareness spread to greatly reduce the annual number of cases among not only members of this group, but overall (Baldwin, 2009). By focusing on the underlying issues that make youth vulnerable to the disease, the number of annually reported new cases will inevitably decline. For example, establishing social coalitions, setup with the intent to lessen the impact and vulnerability of infected persons, can go a long way in ultimately addressing the issue. For this to become a reality, it is necessary for social care groups to work in tandem with health care providers. Together, with authorities as an ally, they can help to ensure violence, explicitly incidences of sexual abuse where women and children are the victims, are consistently punished to the highest extent of the law; successful execution of this strategy should result in greater protection of this group from contracting the disease. Youth contract HIV / AIDS in a number of various ways. Eliminating or, at the very least, reducing the prevalence of the underlying vulnerabilities, will help to reduce this overall public health problem that plagues the entire world (Baldwin, 2009). The three most common ways young people contract the disease, according to Baldwin (2009), are: consenting to sexual activity—between the ages of 15 and 24; molestation and other forms of sexual abuse—discovered to occur most frequently among orphaned children; and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT)—particularly when the mother is not undergoing any sort of antiretroviral treatment. Change must occur, without neither exception nor compromise. According to a United Nations (UN) Press Release (2008), the number of HIV-positive pregnant women receiving treatment in the form of antiretroviral medications in 2005 was at only 14%. However, with increased awareness and availability of treatment options, that number increased by 19% in just two years, reported at 33% in 2007 (How HIV/AIDS affects Children and Youth, para. 3). Research has revealed that such intervention methods within the expected baby delivery window can reduce the chances of MTCT by approximately 50%, in most cases (Baldwin, 2009). While the percentage of expecting mothers who are infected with HIV or AIDS to receive treatment in the form of antiretroviral drugs has continued to climb steadily to present, there are still some who claim the benefits are not worth the costs. Baldwin (2009) states, “[d]espite the argument that provisions of these treatments are not economically feasible, compared to the long-term costs of treating new HIV patients, combined with the loss of future economic and social growth, the costs of preventing MTCT is relatively inexpensive” (How HIV/AIDS affects Children and Youth, para. 4). It is unbelievable that there are people in the world who do not see a benefit, such as the reduction of newly infected children between 2005 and 2007 from 410,000 to 370,000 respectively, as being worth the comparably low
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AIDS is pandemic and encompasses many epidemics of different subtypes. The leading factor for its multiplication and spread include sexual transmission and vertical transmission where the fetus gets the disease from the mother (Kallings, 2008).
Unlike the myths around, they are diseases that can infect anyone in spite of his or her race, gender, or age. Based on the period of discovery the diseases could be traced back in Africa from where it is believed to have developed and spread. They destroy the human immune system, specifically the CD4 bearing cells (CD4+ T cells and Macrophages).
The issue which is linked to the disease is one which continues to be defined by the global issue as well as the needs which are a part of each community. Each of the programs which have been developed is specific to the need to assist in stopping the disease while helping those who are suffering from HIV or AIDS.
The author of the essay states that HIV is the virus that causes the gradual collapse of the immune system that enables AIDS diseases such as Pneumocystis pneumonia, Kaposi’s sarcoma and a host of other conditions to affect the patient. It should be pointed out, risk behaviors for receiving HIV are unprotected sex and needle sharing among injectable drug users.
Immunodeficiency is a condition that leaves human beings susceptible to infection by the natural defect of the immune system or by viral infections like AIDS (Leksmono, 2008). In the UK, the death of a 49-year-old man in Brompton Hospital, London in 1981, due to a very weak immune system, may have been the first recorded case of HIV/AIDS.
At this time, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported cases of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in some otherwise healthy homosexual men of Los Angeles and 26 cases of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), again in 26 homosexual individuals both in New York and Los Angeles (Klimas et al., 2008).
Accordingly, health professionals are medically bound in providing interventions appropriate to patients with HIV infections; “a virtuous act...affirming the moral mission of health care” (“Legal and Ethical Issues,” 2005). Majority of obligations that
The author states that the Human Immuno Deficiency virus can remain in dead body for years without showing any symptoms of being visible. The last of stage of disease to be infected is AIDS as it requires almost 10 years span of time to get infected and finally reaching the development of the AIDS disease.
There is an exception to the ethical and legal obligation to confidentiality of HIV-related information. Doctors in the US are required to report AIDS and HIV infections to health authorities considering the benefits of this outweigh
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