Autism & Computing - Research Paper Example

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Autism and Computing I. What are the specific developmental needs of autism patients? “Autistic spectrum disorders are lifelong, complex, controversial, challenging to service providers, they can cause severe impairments and they are not uncommon.” PHIS Report (2001) Autism has been defined as a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), which causes an organic dysfunction and is associated with neurological / brain disorder…
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Download file to see previous pages from high functioning individuals to those with severe communication disabilities. The patients of Autism have various developmental issues which are listed and discussed below (Eisenberg & Kanner, 1956): Excessive impassiveness with regard to human relationships Inability to successfully use ‘language’ as a mode of communication Restless and compulsive craving for upholding similarity / likeness leading to a striking drawback in the diversity of impulsive actions Over and above the issues listed above, people with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) are known to have a heightened sensitivity towards sound, smell, taste, touch as well as visual motivation; restricted imagination; abnormal physical movements; and problems related to attention and motivation. However, these problems are known to undergo changes over time. Problems related to Social development: The social development of patients with ASD is starkly different, deferred, and / or uncharacteristic than the others. Such difficulties can be observed / highlighted during the communication with their peers. On account of such issues, individuals with ASD often find it difficult to establish, develop or maintain friendships / social relationships. ...
them on a day to day basis, with regard to common and practical aspects of communication such as use of eye contact; facial expressions / gestures etc., during everyday communication. Difficulties in communication also includes efficient application of language skills such as in case of turn taking in a verbal communication; or initiating a conversation; debating on shared topics; maintaining consistency related to the subject of discussion; and ascertaining the knowledge of the listeners regarding the topic of discussion. They also face severe difficulties in understanding idioms, phrases or sarcasm. Poorly developed imaginative skills Individuals diagnosed with ASD display poor imagination skills which lead to a constrained monotonous and stereotyped behaviour. Poor / underdeveloped imaginative skills include a total lack of practical or representational play to problems in using imagination in everyday social lives. Their interests are often limited and against the common / acceptable cultural norms. They have a strong obsession over scheduled tasks as well as their composition / sequence (Gilberg, 2001). Individuals diagnosed with ASD suffer with various kinds of difficulties which tend to impair their quality of life and hence need special efforts taken to elevate their quality of living. They often undergo great difficulties in establishing social relationships and as a result become victims of loneliness, further culminating into frustration and social awkwardness (Bauminger, 2003). They often err in judging common social situations such as – failing to identify and differentiate between genuine compliments and sarcasm; friendly banter and bullying etc., and hence fail to safeguard or defend themselves in public. Furthermore they do not share the same common ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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