El Nino - Essay Example

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This phenomenon is explained as the appearance from time to time of warm water in the central and eastern Pacific Ocean that has catastrophic effects. It is caused when pools…
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El Nino
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El Nino Article Summary The video discusses the historical facts, causes, and effects of a weather phenomenon known as El Nino. This phenomenon is explained as the appearance from time to time of warm water in the central and eastern Pacific Ocean that has catastrophic effects. It is caused when pools of warm water pile up in the western Pacific due to earth’s movements and wind flows. Since the sea level along the Indonesia and the Philippines is higher by around 50-60 cm, heated water piles up along these coastlines. However, after some years, the wind loses its power and warm water that had piled up moves towards the central and eastern Pacific (Intelecom). The water undergoes precipitation processes that cause torrential rains resulting into floods in eastern areas such as Peru, US, and Chile. The events also result into prolonged droughts in western areas such as the Indonesia and the Philippines.
Opinion and Reaction
The effects of El Nino are not only felt in countries bordering the Pacific, rather, they are felt all around the world. However, the main effects of this phenomenon are felt in the Americas. These effects result into losses worth millions of dollars and also claims human casualties. However, the effects of the El Nino have been greatly diminished as a result of early warning systems and design of buildings and structures that can withstand the effects of heavy floods. Still, more needs to be done to curtail El Nino’s effects, particularly those occurring due to floods. Governments in affected areas need to sensitize persons living on coastlines on the dangers of El Nino besides helping in evacuation efforts if need arises.
Work Cited
Intelecom. “El Nino.” You Tube. Web. Jan 28, 2011. Read More
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