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Climate Change: the IPCC and the Nation States as two Global Actor Groups - Essay Example

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Ensuring wide international participation is important for climate change assessment, because climate change means different things to different countries. Both international assessment bodies like IPCC and the stakeholder nation states, besides a range of institutions and organizations, play particular roles in such an emerging system of global governance…
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Climate Change: the IPCC and the Nation States as two Global Actor Groups
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Download file to see previous pages As an international body with the capacity to affect communication between science and policy, the IPCC has a duel role to play. Firstly, it should provide credibility to the scientific community, and secondly, it is intended to feed scientific and technical information into the political negotiation and implementation processes. This interface has been developed very carefully due to the high level of contestation inherent in issue of climate change and political options involved. Recent trends have shown that specific influence of an individual nation state in the IPCC is restricted owing to a growing tendency of internationalization in the field of climate research and climate policy. The dynamic internal structure of IPCC demarcates boundaries for the performance of individual actor groups such as government representatives and scientists. Internal dynamics within the IPCC over the past years made it a powerful institution in addressing issues of global warming and in advising political decision-making.

Being the largest effort to assess the existing knowledge about an environmental problem so far, the IPCC has gained much attention by researchers as well as policy makers. Over the years, the design of the assessment changed significantly and much dynamism has been noticed in the internal structure of the IPCC, which makes the study of changes in the roles of constituent actor groups representing particular nation states more interesting. To analyse the role of nation state such as the US within the IPCC structure, the criteria developed by Mitchele (Mitchele, 2003) namely the science policy interface, participation, and the conflict resolution mechanism has been described to be the most comprehensive.

The US as an Actor Nation State in Climate Change Assessment

How the interaction between the climate scientists and the political community is designed, in particular vis--vis the role of national governments and their representatives is worth exploring. Because of diverse arguments involved with the issue of climate change and the political options involved, this interface has been assigned a good deal of importance (Siebenhuner, 2003). The U.S. Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP) relies primarily on innovative partnerships with the private sector, states, and localities to address the challenge of global warming while strengthening the economy. The CCAP is a comprehensive plan targeting major greenhouse gases in all sectors of the economy. The EPA contribution to the CCAP involves ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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