Nobody downloaded yet

Continental Drift Theory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Continental Drift Theory Date Abstract The essay aims to address a two-fold objective to wit: (1) to explain the continental drift theory by Alfred Wegener; and (2) to relate scientific methods and theory development to the acceptance and resistance of the continental drift theory…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.7% of users find it useful
Continental Drift Theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Continental Drift Theory"

Download file to see previous pages In the last part of the 20th century, modern investigations have led to the evidence of sea-floor spreading or the diversion of ocean floor from the mod-ocean ridges. Under geometric continental reconstructions evidence, Wegener proposed that the coastline geography of the continents on either side of the Atlantic Ocean have pattern and can be fitted back together like a jigsaw puzzle. Example of which are the coastlines of western Africa and eastern South America (Rogers, 2008, 93). In addition, Wegener reiterated it is the end of the submerged continental shelf that marks the line of the originally-joined continents and not the coastline-fit misconception. Geological match and continuity of structure evidence explained how there are similar rock types, succession of strata or igneous bodies which have unique characteristics were found on either side of the ocean. This evidence was observed in the similarities of the rock strata and geological structures of the Appalachian and Caledonian mountain belts of eastern USA and northwestern Europe, as well as the Precambrian rocks and geological structures similarity observed between South America and Africa (Rogers, 2008, 95). ...
The modern evidence gathered during the latter part of the 20th century which has made the continental drift theory acceptable is the sea-floor spreading evidence. Modern geologists had explained the inaccessible ocean floor in Wegener’s theory and discovered striped patterns of magnetic polarities at both sides of the ocean and on mid-ocean ridges (Frisch, Meschede & Blakey, 2011, 3). Scientists and physicists during Wegener’s time rejected his idea because the forces suggested by Wegener are too weak to explain the drift of the continents. Furthermore, the lack of strong mechanism to drive continents across the ocean basins’ questioned the credibility of the Wegener’s continental drift theory, particularly the use of scientific method. During that time, Americans believed that scientific method is empirical, inductive, modest, holding close to the object of study, and is resistant to the impulse of going further (Oreskes, 2003, 11). Derived from the former description, Americans believed that Wegener breached the scientific method because of drawing out the theory first before gathering evidence. Scientist of today accepted Wegener’s theory but used plates instead to describe the division and pattern of relative movement between regions of the Earth surface because modern physicists discovered the sea-floor spreading and the tectonic cycle (Frisch, Meschede & Blakey, 2011, 3). In addition, the process of scientific method and theory development are further improved. The scientific method starts with a question of the object/topic under investigation. Hypothesis is identified and initial experiment is done. Observation and measurement of the initial experiment took ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Continental Drift Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Continental Drift Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from
(Continental Drift Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Continental Drift Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words.
“Continental Drift Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Continental Drift Theory

Continental Airlines

...? The paper dissects the success story behind Continental Airlines as one of the leading players in the industry. Considering the radical change of fortunes for this airline from a wave of interminable challenges to an efficient service provider, it certainly raises several questions on what actually accounts for this success. It is realized that proper leadership coupled with good business strategies has enabled the airline to become one of the greatest players. Despite the turbulent nature of the industry, Continental has managed to pull through these challenges and gain a very respectable position and maintain a large customer base. Part of this success is attributed to the huge investment in employee management and training... . This, in...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Genetic drift

...?Main Issue that would be investigated An in-depth analysis of the concept of evolution tends to throw up several indications. It is undoubtedly truethat evolutionary process introduces new genetic information through mutation. This is done by us on a regular basis to alter specific characteristics of plants and even domesticated animals to satisfy our specific requirements. It is also an accepted scientific fact that members of the same population often show mutual genetic differences as a natural corollary to the evolutionary process. This process has resulted in extinction of species and also advent of new species as is clearly evident in plants with polyploidy. But it is not quite easy to confirm the exact path an evolutionary...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Proposal

Alfred Wegener ideas about Continental drift

...conclusion, however the Hess owns the idea that continents move together with an attached oceanic basin on the same crust (Garrison, p.70). Tuzo Wilson analyzed Hawaiian Islands and their relation to tectonic plates. He concluded that these island were created as a result of plate’s movement northwest over the “hotspots” ("J. Tuzo Wilson: Discovering Transforms and Hotspots"). The Wilson’s concept of plate tectonics created a revolution in geology since it refuted some findings of continental drift concept. The Plate tectonics theory states that there are seven (some scientists believe that there are eight) tectonic plates that move in connection with each other. Plates might...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

The Theory of Continental Drift

...? The Theory of Continental drift School The Theory of Continental Drift All continents are not stationary but are actually moving and drifting from one another according to Wegener (1999, p.6). He presented some evidence to support his argument’s, which included the fit of the continents. He said that the continents seemed to fit together at the edge of their continental shelves. He based his argument from the observation that the rocks and fossils at the southern hemisphere exhibited a similar pattern. This pattern referred to as the "Gondwana sequence". He also argued that continents emerged from a...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Theory of Continental Drift

...? Task: Theory of Continental Drift Alfred Wegener, who was a gifted German expert in meteorology, astronomy and geology tookpart in three excursions to Greenland. Wegener’s most prominent contribution was his cohesive theory on the theory of the origin of continents. He originally submitted his theory of continental drift in 1912 during a gathering of the Germen Geological Association. He also proposed it in his book, which was published in 1915 in which he made reference to the existence of a single large supercontinent 200 million years ago, which he christened Pangaea (Chaomei, 2003). Some of the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Continental Airlines Flight 1404

...? Continental Airlines Flight 1404: Research Paper (Add (Add (Add Continental Airlines Flight 1404: Research Paper Abstract Since the public demand for air travel has dramatically improved over the last two decades, the Federal Government and the aircraft manufacturing industry have given specific focus to accident survivability since 1990s. Earlier, nearly 90 percent of the aircraft accidents were grouped as survivable or technically survivable. As part of this initiative, a range of new features are integrated into aircraft at the design stage. The aircraft manufacturing industry collected details of several fatal air accident incidents and identified the key issues led to catastrophes. As a result of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Continental Philosophy

...role in the continental philosophy, with scientists like Moritz Schlick (1982-1936), Rudolph Carnap (1891-1970), Otto Neurath (1881-1945), and Kurt Godel (1906-78), who were influenced by the works of Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein. By the turn of 1930s Wittgenstein shifted his outlook from ‘picture theory of meaning’ to ‘metaphor for language’; the meaning of word is no longer its relation to some atomic fact: the meaning of a word is in its use. He disagreed that logical positivists’ view of science is only way to talk about the world. According to Wittgenstein “the philosopher’s treatment of a question is like the treatment of an illness” that bewitch intelligence by language. (Rorty,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Continental Philosophy the history of electricity bears no known continuous relationship to the development of modern batteries. Its form, though, is nearly identical to the principles that are in use today. The German physicist Otto von Guericke experimented with generating electricity in 1650. The English physicist Stephen Gray discovered electrical conductivity in 1729. The American statesman and inventor Benjamin Franklin studied the properties of electricity by conducting his famous experiment of flying a kite with a key attached during electrical storms in 1752. Luigi Galvani is famous for his experiments concerning "the electrical forces in muscular movements", leading up to his theory of animal electricity. This began with the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Marketing Mistakes: Continental Airlines

...s Marketing 7th March Continental Airlines Frank Lorenzo was a sort of evil genius behind the establishment of Continental as a leading airline in the United States. Lorenzo bought controlling stake in Continental in 1982 when it was on the verge of collapse and then restructured its debt, and later filed for chapter 11 bankruptcies (Hartley 162). This made it possible for him to get rid of union employees, many of whom walked out, while relieving the company from its interest obligations. However, his leadership style led to a very bad reputation for Continental because of very low levels of staff motivation, and his poor fiscal policies. Gordon Bethune took over as...
2 Pages(500 words)Case Study

Continental and monsoon

...Continental and Monsoon China has different climates that are witnessed throughout the nation. The disparity is caused by the monsoon and continental winds. For instance, northeast China is hot and have long dry summers. Central China has hot and humid summer with heavy rainfall in late summer months. Yunnan Guizhou High plateau climate is mild with cool winters that have little rainfall and warm summer. Similarly, south China, comprising of Hong Kong is a sub-tropical region with even distribution of rainfall throughout the year. It has long, hot and humid summer with cool and short winters (China Culture 2-7). The monsoon wind blowing from the neighboring and oceans are playing a significant role in...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Continental Drift Theory for FREE!

Contact Us