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AN INVESTIGATION INTO FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE SPREAD OF HIV/AIDS IN THE SOUTHERN AFRICAN REGION - Essay Example

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HIV/Aids in the Southern African region Name Institution Introduction With no doubt; the Southern region of Africa is the most affected with HIV and Aids. It is documented that, 14, 000 people get infected daily with HIV and 11, 000 on a daily basis (Benchop 2005, p…
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AN INVESTIGATION INTO FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE SPREAD OF HIV/AIDS IN THE SOUTHERN AFRICAN REGION
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Download file to see previous pages It is estimated that, 40 million people are living with HIV and Aids, and in all, one in three adults have HIV. In essence, HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa has affected an enormous population thus, increasing death cases. It borne in mind; Southern region of Africa consist of various countries such as Angola, Lesotho, Malawi, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Zambia among others. Throughout Southern Africa, there has been rapid spread of HIV/AIDS among pregnant women whereby in Southern Africa, the number increased from 1.8% to 24.0% in the year 2001 (Lewis 1999, p.33). The HIV pervasiveness level of women being affected from 1990 to 2001 has increased rapidly. In Namibia, HIV has affected a large number of people from young to old. In all ages, the young people are the most affected, with a rapid spread of HIV among people of the age 12-35 Years. In the region of Southern Africa, HIV is mostly spread through Sexual intercourse breastfeeding, and blood transfusion. Many people in Southern Africa are so poor that, they not only lack money, but skills and assets. As a result, people endeavor to acquire basic needs, and in the process indulge into risky behaviors such as commercial sex to attain basic needs. With this in mind, HIV infection is typically confined to the Southern region Africa whereby, 40 million people are living with HIV and Aids. Following this, this paper seeks to discuss factors that are contributing to the spread of HIV/Aids in the Southern African region. Factors contribution to the spread of HIV/AIDS in the Southern region In essence, there are various factors that are contributing to the rapid spread of HIV and Aids in Southern Africa. First, poverty that compels most people to indulge into risky behavior in an attempt to bring resources for survival. Studies outline that, African countries are the worst affected with poverty whereby, most people live below the poverty line (Whiteside 1990, p.20). In all Southern African countries, South Africa and Botswana are the most economically developed, while other countries live in extreme poverty. In this case, poverty is attributed by unemployment that is on a higher rate in the Southern African region. In effect, all factors that predispose people to HIV and Aids infection are goaded by poverty that tends to create an environment of risk. Studies show that, poverty in Southern Africa region refers to lack of basic needs. In the average, the European worker earns about twenty times what the average African earns (Susser 2011, p.10). As a result, there has been a wide gap in income between an African and an individual from a developed country. With the majority of the population living below the poverty line, most people have been forced to engage into alternative opportunities in an attempt to earn a livelihood for the household. In Southern Africa region, millions of people have continued to engage into commercial sex work on a daily basis, and even those who are not commonly thought of, find themselves in commercial sex work. Despite the widespread of HIV, many have been forced to engage into sexual transaction to obtain money. In this regard, those with money have taken advantage of the situation whereby; the older men with money are procuring sex with young ladies in exchange of money and gifts. With this in mind, sex transaction and sex work, which in this case are poverty driven, are expected to foster ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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