Applying Learning Theories - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
1 Applying learning Theories Learning is defined as a process that enhances one’s knowledge. It brings positive change in one’s behavior, pattern, opinion and outlook. It is a process that helps in bringing together the cognitive, behavioral and environmental experiences and influences…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94% of users find it useful
Applying Learning Theories
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Applying Learning Theories"

Download file to see previous pages The Behavioral Theory or behaviorism stresses on the learning of facts and skills as stated by the authorities. For example, school board and the teachers. Behaviorist believes the environment is a great influencing factor in the process of learning. The theory of behavioral learning also contends that contiguity and reinforcement, whether positive or negative, are essential to the learning process. Characteristics Behavior, which is positively reinforced, will occur again; discontinuous reinforcement is particularly successful. Information must be presented in small proportions so that responses can be reinforced ("shaping") Reinforcements arouse similar stimuli ("stimulus generalization") producing secondary conditioning. Principles Practice takes in the form of question (stimulus) - answer (response) frames which expose the student to the subject in gradual steps The learner must make a response for every frame and receive immediate feedback There is a gradual introduction of difficult questions to get positive response and thus leading to positive reinforcement. The good responses must be followed with the positive reinforces such as verbal praise, good grades etc. 2 B.F.Skinner’s Behaviorist theory works on the similar grounds of conditioning theory as proposed by Pavlov and Watson. They observed that the formation of behavior is essentially related to the external environment .Pavlov established the classical conditioning paradigm. Watson studied overt behavior and concentrated on the conditioning of emotions. Skinner model of behavior is based on observation, he studied environment control on the behavior and explained operant behavior rather than respondent behavior played greater role in life. An Operant conditioning can become a means for behavior modification. “When a particular Stimulus-Response (S-R) pattern is reinforced (rewarded), the individual is conditioned to respond. The distinctive characteristic of operant conditioning relative to previous forms of behaviorism is that the organism can emit responses instead of only eliciting response due to an external stimulus.” (B.F Skinner) Reinforcement is main constituent in the Skinners S-R Theory and a rein forcer is anything that strengthens a response. Good grades, a verbal praise, feeling of accomplishment are all positive rein forcers. There are negative rein forcers that refer to adverse stimulus or response. A great deal of attention is given to schedules of reinforcement and their effects on establishing and maintaining behavior. Behaviorist theory and Instruction Design The Behaviorist theory is involved in the following. Behavioral objectives movement; the teaching machine phase; the programmed instruction movement; individualized instructional approaches, computer-assisted learning and the systems approach to instruction. Based on operant conditioning Skinner's teaching machine required the learner to complete or answer a question and then receive feedback on the correctness of the response. Skinner demonstrated his machine in 1954.Programmed instructions concentrated on the hardware than on the course development. Individualized instructions are used in reading science, math .Computer assisted learning is much a drill, and practice controlled by program me developer rather by the learner. The system approach is employed in the language laboratories, teaching machines, multimedia presentations etc. Most systems approaches are similar to computer flow charts ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Applying Learning Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1412530-applying-learning-theories
(Applying Learning Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1412530-applying-learning-theories.
“Applying Learning Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1412530-applying-learning-theories.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Applying Learning Theories

Applying Social Influence Theories

...? Using Theories of Social Influence Question The product idea chosen here is a line of organic snacks that are made from sustainable products only. The preservatives used are also organically derived; and the snacks have a shelf life only marginally lesser than their regular counterparts. Product pricing is competitive; and just over the mean price of products presently available in the market. This product is aimed at environment conscious youth and young adults who may not have the skills or desire to cook regularly. A secondary audience is the householder with children who needs products that are healthy and yet tasty for the children. The message chosen to advertise this product is based on people’s need to confirm...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Applying theories to learning

...? Applying theories to learning Introduction Learning theories explore how the human mind acquires knowledge. They encompass relatively enduring change in the behaviour, which includes both observable activity and internal processes. For example, thinking, attitudes, and emotions of an individual; it is also grounded in the person’s experiences or discoveries. The processes of experience and discovery result to a fresh understanding of the world is inclusive of oneself and others and enable individuals to transform data from experience into organizing information. This paper explores the relevance and impact of learning theories, especially in relation to my personal practice within a secondary school. In addition, the paper seeks... to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Applying Theories and Principles for Planning and Enabling Inclusive Learning and Teaching

...?BRAIN-BASED LEARNING THEORY Applying Theories and Principles for Planning and Enabling Inclusive Learning and Teaching Learning which is Brain-based is the purposeful engagement of various fundamental strategies that apply to the way the brain works in regard to education and learning. There is a thin line between being educated and being learned. Brain-based learning is in real sense a no-brainer since the brain in intimately connected and involved with everything that the students and educators do at school. Thus, any disconnect among these paramount factors is an ultimate recipe for frustration as well as potential disaster. The best way to understand Brain-based education is through three words namely: principles, strategies... of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Learning Theories

..., 1992) While on the theory of Carl Rogers applied to teaching and learning, openness is an important aspect of the learning process. One of the models included in the overall review of open education was facilitative teaching developed by Carl Rogers. The facilitative conditions include empathy, congruence and positive regard. "Aspy and Roebuck (1975) studied teachers in terms of their ability to offer facilitative conditions (including empathy, congruence, and positive regard) as defined by Rogers (1969) and Rogers and Freiberg (1994). Teachers who were more highly facilitative tended to provide more response to student feeling, use of student ideas in ongoing...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Applying Constructivism and Objectivism Learning Theories in the Design of Educational Package Software

...Applying Constructivism and Objectivism Learning Theories in the Design of Educational Package Software Faculty Date Abstract Technology in today’s world have taken models and theories from various fields and studies like sociology, philosophy, education, psychology and many others to develop most appropriate solution to the educational needs of learners. This paper is an effort towards understanding theories of Objectivism and Constructivism for development of design of educational package software. These two theories are mutually different from each other in approach. These contribute in understanding the philosophy of...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Learning Theories

...Learning Theories Task 2 Ruth Ramirez Western Governor’s TASK 2 PART A Create a lesson plan for 6th, 7th or 8th grade. LESSON PLAN Name: Ruth Ramirez GENERAL INFORMATION Subject(s): English Topic or Unit of Study: Literature – “A Worn Path” A Short Story by Eudora Welty Grade/Level: 8th Instructional Setting: regular classroom setting, students are grouped for the activities. 25 students in class; eighty percent students are English Language Learners, predominately Hispanic, low income, at-risk students. 2 students are special education with an Independent Education Plan for mild behavior modifications. A teacher’s assistant is assigned to the classroom and a special education Resource...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Analyse ways in which minimum core elements can be demonstrated in applying theories and principles for planning and enabling inclusive learning and teaching

...Introduction It is beyond gainsay that minimum core elements can be demonstrated in applying theories and principles for planning and enabling inclusive learning and teaching. This is because all theories and principles of inclusive learning have core elements which when harnessed, can benefit learners from different backgrounds, ability and environment. Literacy And Language and the Learning Theory The classroom instructor should also build awareness of language, literacy, ICT, numeracy and skills. This is because all these are needed in making the programme being taught more holistic. The instructor must also...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Use elements of minimum core in applying theories and principles for planning and enabling inclusive learning and teaching

... Education Number Department Introduction In the years, psychologists and scientists have been having interest on how humans learn. Consequently, there are now a number of theories on learning and teaching. The key theories are behaviourism, neo-behaviourism, humanist, and constructivism, among others. The theorists started by looking on the reaction of animals to new stimuli and used this to include human beings in the field of education (Coffield et al. 2004). Discussion There is a four-stage learning process was proposed by Kolb. This has a model that is usually referred to when describing experimental learning (Brooks 1995). This process can be applied in any of the phases and it should be continuous, meaning... that there is no...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Applying Theories

...Applying Theories al Affiliation Applying Theories: The Interlocking Treadmills of Production and Consumption The interlocking treadmills of production and consumption provide a theoretical framework over which individual activities can be based on. Actually, this theory is applicable in the education sector where individuals struggles all through and consume all relevant resources to ensure they obtain the best over others and, therefore, outshine in the labor market. Families, communities and government invest lump sum funds in ensuring these students acquire all necessary skills, knowledge and competence they need. Students, on the other hand, consume...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Contemporary Sociology: Applying Theories

..., status and power is a key aspect of this paper in trying to understand how these factors influence the behaviors of individuals in the society. Second, the paper will apply Michael Foucault’s theory on the relationship between power and knowledge to explain behavior. Third is Emile Durkheim’s theory on individual and society that will be applicable in this essay to understand the events in Baltimore. Fourth is Ervin Goffman’s theory of Dramaturgy that is relevant to explaining the events in Baltimore concerning the manner in which individuals direct themselves in life. Fifth, the essay will focus on Cornel West’s views on race in understanding the events in Baltimore....
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Applying Learning Theories for FREE!

Contact Us