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People suffering from this disorder tend to hear voices, which cannot be heard by people around them. If fact, these people believe that any other person around them is controlling their thoughts, plotting harm against them and more importantly, they are reading their minds. Additionally, people with Schizophrenia rarely make sense when they are talking; sometimes they can sit for a particular period without talking or moving. Patients with this disorder are mostly recognized by talking to them since they appear ordinary people until they start talking (National institute of Mental Health).
Schizophrenia is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Individuals with a family history of this illness have a high rate of being diagnosed with this disorder. Researchers argue that there it is considerably challenging to separate environmental and genetic factors. Therefore, there is a significant variation in estimating hereditary causes and environmental causes.
According to a recent research conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health, the risk of developing Schizophrenia is considerably high in first-degree relatives. According to the research data, the risk an individual being diagnosed with Schizophrenia and they have been first-degree relative is approximately 6.5 percent higher than the 40 percent of the monozygotic twins who may have been affected. Additionally, if one of the parents is suffering from the illness, the risk of these offspring being affected can be as high as 13 percent. On the other hand if both parents are affected, the offspring have a 50 percent chance of being affected (National Institute of Mental Health).
Also to genetic causes, environmental factors have a significant role in causing this disorder. Some of the common environmental factors include; usage of drugs, prenatal stressors, living environment among other environmental factors. A recent study showed that living
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Birchwood, Birchwood and Jackson (2001) define it as one of the most frequent psychotic/thinking disorder that significantly tampers with the thinking process of a person, his or her emotional responses, judgment, the capability of recognizing reality as well as the ability to communicate, to the extent that his/her functioning becomes seriously impaired.
Even the smallest of diseases and disturbances can result in distortion of entire life and its activities. Schizophrenia is one of them; it is a kind of disorder that affects everything during the life time. The aim of this paper is to look into the various aspects of it, how it affects individuals, how it can be overcome, what impact it can have on an individual, how the course and nursing procedure should be conducted .
Wexler et al (2009) conducted a study to analyze the deviation in cognition from normal levels. The deviation from normal in schizophrenics was found to be more than one standard deviation. These patients were called neuropsychological impaired (NPI). 20 to 25 % of schizophrenics were however found to have levels of cognition close to normal, this group of patients was named as neuropsychological near normal (NPNN) .
When a person suffers from schizophrenia, they gradually lose their sense of reality and become unable to determine what is really there and what is a manifestation of their mental disorder. Scientists and doctors are working around the clock in the hopes of finding a more definite cure for schizophrenia.
Therefore, the patients do not accurately detect what is real. Schizophrenia also involves an intense incapability to think clearly (Noll, 2007). The emotional and social response is intensely impaired. This is therefore a sophisticated disorder to the practitioners.
At often instances, physicists have argued that schizophrenia relates with ethnographic factors. This particular notion will be examined in the following discussion in this section, where an ethnographic study will be performed with reference to archival works on schizophrenia (Kyziridis, 2005, pp.
This terrifies them greatly, and makes them to withdraw their associations with family members and friends. These people have poor communication skills, and it is difficult to understand them when they talk. They may also sit for longer period of hours, just staring at the sky without talking, or engaging in any form of communication (Lieberman, Stroup and Perkins, 2012).
The research on the disorder has so far improved with advancement in technology but this is only in developed countries. Introduction According to Rigby & Alexander (2008), schizophrenia is a complicated mental disease that has an effect on an individual, family members and the society.
Types of schizophrenia include paranoid, catatonic, disorganized, undifferentiated, and residual schizophrenia. Diagnosis of the types of schizophrenia is made according to the predominant symptoms: positive, negative, or cognitive symptoms. Experts