“Psychological Distress and Family Satisfaction Following Traumatic Brain Injury: Injured Individuals and Their Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Carers.” Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 15.3 (2000): 909-929…
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The researchers found that most of the family members were less psychologically distressed. However, people suffering from brain injury had poorer psychological outcomes than their relatives did. The study also found that spouses of patients with brain injury were subjected to trauma and psychological distress.
Bell, Kathleen R., Nancy Temkin R., Peter Esselman C., Jason Doctor N., Charles Bombardier S., Robert Fraser T., Jeanne Hoffman M., Janet Powell M., and Sureyya Dukem. “The Effect of a Scheduled Telephone Intervention on Outcome after Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Trial.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 86.5 (2005): 851-856. Print.
The authors studied the effectiveness of telephone interventions in counseling and education for brain injury patients. These interventions, coming from home, were compared with the standard follow-ups conducted after one year. The researchers found that constant telephone interventions made patients feel better than interventions that come after a long time.
Esser, E., Valencia, E., Conover, S., Felix, A., Tsai, W.Y. and Wyatt, R. J. “Preventing recurrent homelessness among mentally ill men: a "critical time" intervention after discharge from a shelter.” American Journal of Public Health 87.2 (2007): 256-262. Print.
The authors set out to establish strategies that can protect mentally ill persons from becoming homeless. They sought a bridge between community care and mental institutions. They sampled 96 men with severe mental illness, including brain injury and gave them critical care in an institution. The researchers discovered that most of the men longed for home and families despite the good care they received at the institution.
The researchers sought to determine the factors that predict family system functioning after one member of the family experiences brain injury. The
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The brain is known to control every action of an individual’s day-to-day life. It is the brain that interprets different situations and dictates the motion of the body towards a particular activity. The manner in which the body of an individual eats, sleeps, perceives, memorizes, gives reasoning, presents a personality, and every other aspects of the human body are the responsibilities of the brain (MacDonald, 2008, pp.1-3).
Blood is composed of Red Cells also known as erythrocytes, White Cells also known as leucocytes as well as Platelets which are also referred to as thrombocytes (Mazumdar, 1992 p 121). Plasma constitutes of organic substances and electrolytes which are mainly proteins.
Infact, it will not be exaggerated if one goes to the extent of saying that TBI affects every aspect of the service of the Department of Defence and also the Department of Veteran Affairs (DVBIC, 2009). TBI can have severe impact on the individuals and can affect them all through their life.
The study also further illustrates that children who tend to suffer traumatic head blows during their tender age have the disadvantage of their learning process being affected to a higher percentage. This occurs because of the brain damage that they may have experienced after having traumatic injuries.
Reciprocal teaching style is the most widely used teaching approach in physical education. In this teaching style, the teacher deals with the learning objectives and class content while the students take responsibility for teaching each other (Virgillo 1997). This teaching approach combines well with either visual or auditory learning styles.
The other type of classifying is using the focal and the diffuse type of injury. These types of injuries are used to show the extension to which this injury has occurred and the location. There are four major forms of brain injury. They are: Brain damage- This refers to the destruction of the brain cells in an organism.
As it not only affects the cognitive processes but also the body leading to partial or full functional disability.
The behavioural outcomes of such an injury are not predictable as they vary from person to person. It also depends on the degree of functioning prior injury along with the location of damage in the brain of the injured.
TBI include motor vehicle crashes, blasts such as those experienced by military personnel in war zones, concussions suffered during sports and recreational activities and falls. Once a person suffers a TBI, they usually undergo personality changes where one is seen to be
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