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Epic of Gilgamesh/Genesis - Essay Example

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The book of Genesis is said to be a rewritten version or an inspiration from the Epic of Gilgamesh which was first produced in the 3,300 B.C by the Sumerians in their writing…
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Epic of Gilgamesh/Genesis
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"Epic of Gilgamesh/Genesis"

Download file to see previous pages Both the works have an account of the flood that came from God and the heroes of the stories saved their people until the flood lasted. Most of the scholars believe the flood is based on an actual one that occurred thousands of years ago.
The belief in the Babylonian religion in the Epic of Gilgamesh is based on a polytheistic belief while the Hebrew religion in Genesis based on the monotheistic belief. The cause of the flood according to the Gilgamesh Epic was the decision of the great gods since mankind was unfaithful to the Gods, they were wicked and sinful. The decision was Enlil’s who had planned to destroy all the humans through the flood. The Gods had not distinguished between the punishments and the people who deserved them; but the flood was a retribution to man.
On the other hand, in Genesis, the God grieves for the moral corruption of man and brings the flood as punishment. In this society, the belief was that God punishes only the sinful and provides protection to the ones he knows are righteous. The flood was therefore not destruction nor did it cause violence, it was a moral decision of God to punish the ones who are corrupt, greedy, and unjust.
The character of God is the major difference between the ways the societies were formed and stories were written. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Enlil was the one who provoked the flood but other gods such as Ea thwarted him and many others blamed Enlil for his relfectiveness. The gods agreed to the pact with Enlil because they were afraid to object which showed that the gods were not rational. Due to this, Ea gave hints and directions to Utnapishtim to build a ship in order to survive the flood. The moral or ethical motive of a flood was absent as Ea mislead Utnapishtim and provoked him to tell the population the half truth instead of saving them.
On the other hand, the Genesis story is based on the one all-powerful God who has no opposition or division. God has total superiority and sovereignty on the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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