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He despised his boss, but in spite of that he imagined staying in his job for a long time, in order that he may pay the debts that his parents had incurred towards the boss. In a way he was working for his parents and for his sister, and is that not the mark of a good man, to be self-sacrificial? Yet viewed another way, one can make a case for reading the text from the perspective of how sarcasm and irony can be a means to understand what is happening in the story, given the fantastic nature of the change that happened to Gregor, and given the way Gregor seemed to have reacted to the whole change not so much with a sense of shock and horror but more with a kind of surreal acceptance. The same goes for his family. The rest of the paper examines these lines of thinking as they relate to understanding Gregor from the lens of irony and sarcasm (Kafka).
An argument can be made for instance to view Gregor’s thoughts about his job in the light of its sarcastic and ironic overtones. He hates his job, but has to keep it because his parents owe his boss a lot of money. Sure he is the breadwinner, but does not that come with Gregor resenting his work, and secretly resenting the life that he is living? When he says, for instance, that he has maybe five or six years left before he can fully pay his parents’ debts, does not that sound like he is being sarcastic? From experience, if you hate your job, even a day can seem like an eternity. Six years on the other hand, is sheer torture, in comparison to which maybe turning into an insect is more acceptable? Is this why he turned into an insect in the first place, as a kind of wish fulfillment and a way out of his dreary existence? Taking a step back, is not there something ironic and sarcastic in the way Gregor reacted to the fact that he had turned into an insect? One moment, he was shivering at the sight of his body, his legs, the white spots where he itched, and the next
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It was in the type of environment that Franz Kafka's seminal short story The Metamorphosis evolved. Published in 1915, The Metamorphosis – or Die Verwandlung in its original German – opens with the bald statement that “One morning, when Gregor Samsa woke from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed in his bed into a horrible vermin” (Kafka, 1).
By profession he is a travelling salesman who is to assist the family financially. Gregor represents all human beings who are vulnerable to misfortune. To be precise, the fiction ‘Metamorphosis’ discusses how a person normally reacts to unexpected changes of life situations and how swiftly and unkindly the family and society alter their opinion about an individual overnight.
Specifically, this essay explores the relationship between Gregor’s insect-like identity and self-conscious self, and the influence of his working conditions, especially of his feeling of alienation, on his sudden transformation. As Kafka shows it, the connection of Gregor’s awareness to his ‘transformed’ self—an insect—is depressing.
The advancement of times, has led to the use varied types of machines, in everyday life, originally intended to reduce the work load of human beings, thereby increase comfort, and hence, make living happier for man, than before. But in a strange anomaly of happenings, it is argued, that modernization, while indeed reducing man's work burden, has made his life very mechanical too.
He foraged for survival, very much how cockroaches or other bugs live their lives. In that way, he was like an insect himself, thinking only of physical and not spiritual needs. Only his young sister seemed to appreciate him; he hated his boss and his job, wanting to "make the big change" (Kafka, 3) when the family debts were paid off.
Robert Browning's 'Porphyria's Lover' is a good example of this. Apart from the superficial meaning that the poem conveys, about a woman's undying love and inability to devote her entire life for it. However, the love of her life makes things easy for her by killing her!
The author of the novel Metamorphosis made the opposite change to the character that can shock the readers specifically with regards to the transformation that happened in the story. The plot seemed to be different from what is expected. At the same
It can also be used to give information to only a selected number of people. According to Kate Chopin in her story, “The Story of an Hour”, there is a lot of irony involved (Chopin, n.pg). The first detection of irony was when Mrs. Mallard heard of
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