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The initial theory of conformism, which suggests that a person, who has neither the expertise to make choices, especially in a crisis, will abandon decision making. The group is the persons behavioural model. This implies that cruelty is not part of human nature but can happen under some circumstances.
The second is the agentic state theory, which suggests that whenever a person views himself as a tool for carrying out another person’s wishes, they shift responsibility of their actions off from themselves and obey their masters no matter what the orders are. This implies that some individuals shift the blame of their cruel trends to excuse their wrong doings.
Milgram in his article gives a summary of the findings of his study as follows: The subject (teacher), a participant in the experiment was expected to choose between obeying an authority figure to inflict pain on a victim (learner) and the welfare of the victim in question. Before conducting the experiment, Milgram conducted an interview on 14 senior psychologists to determine what their predictions would concern the outcome of the experiment. Most of the respondents believed that only a small fraction (0 – 3 %) would be prepared to inflict the maximum pain (Schaefer 154). Apparently the findings suggested otherwise; in the first set of experiments 65% of the participants administered the maximum 450 volts. Even though the findings of this experiments were disputed by the likes of Professor James Waller, Chair of Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Keene State College, Author Gina Perry and the general scientific community as concerns the credibility of his findings, ethical issues and its applicability to the holocaust, the experiment was replicated on a different variety of subjects, under different circumstances and over a period of years but the findings did not differ much.
Holstein in his experiment stated that children who were raised by more loving and caring
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For his everyday and lifetime realization of his dreams, a person must then choose his actions and reactions for his environment. Every action he takes or he misses to take will be a great deal for his future and a barricade for what he wishes to be. The idea that human beings have an inherent sense of right and wrong has been debated since the dawn of our species.
Yes, I agree with their believe that cruelty is part of human nature; however, I do not agree with their explanation that it is because subjects in the Milgram’s experiment acted as they did, and why none of the 38 people who witnessed and heard Kitty Genovese call for help did not respond to help or even call the police.
'Every human is indeed a slave of circumstances.' An honest man commits cruel or socially unacceptable acts mostly when situations compel him. Nobody steals things out of instinct or out of fashion. They do so for one fundamental reason that is they need it badly.
His controversial theories that place the human beings under the sign of violence and barbaric acts proved to become valid in time , especially when used in the analysis of various moments in history and time that seemed to demonstrate how insightful and justified these theories are.
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Friday of 13th March,1964 outside her home in Queens as she was coming home from work .All this took place while 38 witnesses observed and did nothing to save her),the “bystander effect” refers to the fact that people are less likely to help other people in distress, while
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