Free

AFA - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
It refers to the systematic policy, legalized by South Africa’s white minority government for enforcement of ethnic and racial discrimination against the non-whites who were the majority (Kithinji 231). To me, it…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.4% of users find it useful
AFA
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "AFA"

Chapter 13: Apartheid in South Africa Apartheid as translated from Afrikaans means separateness. It refers to the systematic policy, legalized by South Africa’s white minority government for enforcement of ethnic and racial discrimination against the non-whites who were the majority (Kithinji 231). To me, it refers to the separation on the basis of racial difference. Kithinji observes that its implementation entailed the state enforcing white supremacy program, segregation based on racial and ethnic differences and outlawing interracial marriages (231).
The apartheid regime barred all political activities causing anti-apartheid movements to reevaluate the strategies that they used as noted by Kithinji (240). This apartheid regime passed the 1962 Sabotage Act in response to the constitution of militant units and increase in sabotage. According to Kithinji, the Act gave the justice ministry immense powers such that it could silence political activism and further condemn “communist agitators” to house arrest (240). Indeed, apartheid had devastating effects on the social lives of the people. This was further aggravated by the suppression of the opposition early in the 1960s as propagated by the apartheid rule. The 1959 Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Bill passed by the parliament allowed homelands to be completely independent states. This “independence” to the Bantustans was used by the apartheid regime to develop national consciousness in the groups it created as observed by Kithinji (241). The rights of the Africans continued to be held in the hands of the apartheid which maintained social control and propagated destruction.
The banning of all forbidden organizations including the ANC, the Pan-African Congress and the South Africa Communist Party among others on 2 February 1990 was an indication of the readiness for national negotiations on the adoption of new political order according to Kithinji (245). A few resultant crises caused the regime to collapse. This included the prolonged socio-political instability which destabilized the economy and created structural weaknesses. This became apparent with the military involvement of South Africa in Angola in support of Jonas Savimbi’s rebel National Union for the Total Independence of Angola, UNITA which was in the fight to oust the leftist Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, MPLA government (Kithinji 244).


Work Cited
Kithinji, Michael Mwenda. “Apartheid in South Africa.” (Re) Tracing Africa: A Multi-Disciplinary Study of African History, Societies, and Cultures. Eds. Salome Nnoromele and Ogechi Anyanwu. Dubuque: Kendell Hunt, 2012. 231-250. Print Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“AFA Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/english/1642861-afa
(AFA Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/english/1642861-afa.
“AFA Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1642861-afa.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF AFA

Double Jeopardy

..., and also increases the chances of the individual to be declared guilty even though he might be innocent. Double jeopardy is recognized as a constitutional right in several countries. The fifth amendment of constitutions of United States of America states: “nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb” (AFA para. 3). In addition to that, it is also recognized in international laws. For instance, the Article 14 (7) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states that “No one shall be liable to be tried or punished again for an offence for which he has already been finally convicted or acquitted in accordance with the law and penal procedure of each...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Resident Attitudes towards Gambling tourism in Marcao

38 Pages(9500 words)Essay

Critical thinking ( Applying Key Criteria )

...Critical thinking (Applying Key Criteria) Question The issue that is demonstrated in the given article is the appointment of a new ambassador from a South American country. The cause of the crisis is that the person had been accused by many human rights groups of having been involved in the torture of his political opponents some years ago. This has prompted the supporters of Anti- Fascist Alliance (AFA) to conduct a demonstration against the new Ambassador. On the other hand, the supporters of the Ambassador claimed that the new Ambassador was the ‘fighter against the moral decline’ and organized a counter demonstration. The fact is that the supporters of the accused person had found that a pre- planned action is needed...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Communication and Conflict Case Study: A Proposal of Resolution for the Workplace during Negotiations

.... As the employee integration is proceeding in the newly merged entity called United, flight attendants belonging to the AFA union, which represented the group in the defunct United Airlines and the flight attendants affiliated with the IAM, the representative union of the group in pre-merger Continental Airlines battle it out at the National Mediation Board by hurling accusations against each other. This runs counter to the very principle of unionizing, whose aim is to present a united front against a much formidable adversary in the person of the employer. This paper looks into the events surrounding the controversy at United involving its divided flight attendants and the instances of failures of communication that...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

AFA event al5wal

... The artwork depicts the African-Americans as part of the western civilization. The artwork was imperative during the Harlem Renaissance period as it helped mold and represent the cultures of Africa-Americans and Africans. The artwork portrays African-Americans in a positive way. It denotes a fundamental shift for this group of people as they gained the right and authority to address their problems and experiences. The populace also got a chance to represent themselves in forums dominated by other people. Additionally, the African-American shift to modernism aided in bringing out most of their activities and works into the contemporary artworks (Bernier, 135-186). “ Blackified” shows the cultures of African-Americans... The artwork depicts...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

AFA event Alm3a8en

... October, the Disabilities Awareness Month Disabilities Awareness Events originated in EKU. These events tend to sensitize the people relevant to the rights of the handicapped. It is important to note that several examples of Disability Awareness Events exist. A good example is the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). It is important to note that ADA performs several functions. Some of these are discussed below. Communications Concerning communications, ADA always ensures that issues regarding disability are handles in the most appropriate manner. This involves provision of auxiliary aids as well as services to the people with disabilities. This is important in facilitation of ease of communication. Such auxiliary aids... October, the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

AFA 201

...Module AFA 201 Knowledge about the events of the past is vital to people and is a collective reason for our position and identities in regional, local, and global communities. Even though history may have its detractors who consider it to be a collection of fiction and myth, the former academic undertakings have often included historical inquiry. This evidently demonstrates that history should be regarded as the oldest disciplines of academics (Nordo 23). However, considerable disagreements on what places, people, themes, or events are worthy to study in the context of history have been witnessed globally. Even worse, some philosophers and historians argue that not all regions and people have a history to consider. In...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

AFA assing1

... Myths and stereotypes held about Africa Africa is usually conceptualized as a country but not a continent. In most case, Westerners will talk about African Art or African language with disregard that Africa is the second largest continent with the biggest number of nations in the world. Westerners look at Africans as one people without recognizing the diversity exhibited by the people. In addition, Africa is visualized as a place of all human evil and suffering. Westerners relates any human calamity and suffering with Africa, according they term Africa as a place of political turmoil, hunger, misery, diseases, environmental degradation and economic decline, (Dworkin, Ronald 133). The most significant aspect that contributes... Myths and...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Critical Evaluation of Current Integrated Marketing Communications Practice

...customers now being a decade from now. This was however opposed strongly by many stakeholders including the conservative American family Association (AFA) and numerous gay organizations (Subaru, 2010). The gay group according to the case study is reported to have started by employees of ford writing to the then vice president of Ford to ask for permission to form a gay/lesbian and bisexual employee group to which they were granted. “Then later in 1995, Ford expanded its corporate diversity definition to include sexual orientation and ran ads during NBC’s viewing of “Serving in silence’’, a made for TV movie about the life of a lesbian Army colonel Margarethe Cammemeyer, discharged under the military’s Don’t ask, Don’t...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

The Telecommunication and Information System and the Auction of AFA

...Introduction: The Aalsmeer Flower Auction (AFA) is the largest flower auction and the largest commercial edifice in the world (Guinness World Records, 2001). The annual supply exceeds 4 billion flowers and 500 million plants, and the annual turnover of auctioned products amounts to 1.5 billion Euro. Daily, around 19 million flowers and 2 million plants are auctioned; resulting in around 50,000 daily transactions. AFA is located at the city of Aalsmeer, the Netherlands, close to Amsterdam and Schiphol Airport. It is also the largest trade building in the world, with a surface size of 150 football fields and an average daily number of 10,000 working individuals. AFA uses the Dutch auction...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic AFA for FREE!

Contact Us