The essay "Institutional discrimination" will discuss institutional discrimination as a wide concept and racial discrimination in school admittance in South Africa as an example. In this country, the government supported discrimination against the blacks in favor of the whites…
Download file to see previous pages...
An institution is a social entity that is created with a specific mandate of providing certain social functions through well laid down procedures and practices. Throughout various institutions in the world, there have existed various forms of discriminatory treatment. Though direct discrimination has been greatly suppressed and is illegal in most national and international laws, there still exist policies laid down by various entities which indirectly discriminate against individuals or groups based on a certain element. In hiring employees, for instance, institutional discrimination can occur if the employer rejects a person’s employment application based on family ties, where an acquaintance or a family member of the hiring authority gets appointed. This forms of institutional discrimination happen at the expense of meritocracy and often leads to the reduced realization of the institution’s role, as well as increased social, economic and organizational disparities between those favored and those discriminated by the practices. A famous example of institutional discrimination was apartheid in South Africa where the government supported discrimination against the blacks in favor of the whites. This practice was conducted by the National Party government between 1948 and 1994 when Nelson Mandela became president. In this practice, blacks could not attend the same schools as the whites as restricted by the Bantu Education Act of 1953, in which black education was specifically for the labor force.
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Institutional discrimination Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1585977-institutional-discrimination
(Institutional Discrimination Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
“Institutional Discrimination Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1585977-institutional-discrimination.
Since Asians are a minority in USA, they have to face several problems due to this deprivation or discrimination. The four types of discriminations I will be discussing in this essay are- double jeopardy, Institutional discrimination, Glass ceiling and Reverse Discrimination.
The conclusion from this study states that while some palpable progress is made in terms of equitable civil rights for minority races in America, issues of racism and discrimination continue to persist. For example, less than 15 percent of elected representatives in the Congress are from minority communities, which is disproportionately low.
Racial bias in hiring due to organizational values, norms or rules is a form of structural discrimination. On the other hand, attitudinal discrimination is the racial bias in hiring because the employing party has negative attitudes or perceptions against some groups.
It is a form of institutional prejudice and discrimination in that, groups that enforce law use race as a policy to select an individual out for more inspection. It is also a form of institutional discrimination for the reason that social institutions’ representatives unfairly single out particular representatives when seeking to implement rules or laws, thus violating civil rights (Free, 1996).
Discrimination is the treatment that is accorded to a person or a group on the basis of the status, category or class rather than the merit an individual or a group possesses. It is commonly based on prejudice and it can be based on the behavior promotion of an individual or group otherwise referred to as affirmative action or it can be a negative attitude directed towards an individual or a group otherwise referred to as redlining.
The term 'Institutional Racism' was introduced by Carmichael and Hamilton in 1968 and they saw it as 'an analytical tool to examine how institutions can operate along racist lines without acknowledging or even recognising this.'
Institutional Racism is connected with organisations and institutions and is unconnected with individualistic views or behaviour.
In whichever society ideological racism thrives, one can expect its manifestation in the policy frameworks of leading institutions. Ideological racism is usually associated with the majority communitys discriminatory attitude toward the
The author concludes that steps having been taken to rid institution discrimination since the 1960’s civil revolution and great achievements have been realized. Yet there still remains a lot to be done to ensure that all individuals are judged not based on the color of their skin but rather on their individual merit
Positive prejudice practice exaggerates the beliefs or virtues held by a group, and such ideas may entail perceptions of one’s affiliation group being superior to another (Chin, 2004). Discrimination, on the other hand, refers to an action of
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Institutional discrimination for FREE!