Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

RESEARCH PAPER: hooliganism - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In the 1980s, research reveals that a higher number of population pays to watch football in Scotland than in North and Midlands (Sports Council 1986). The…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.4% of users find it useful
RESEARCH PAPER: hooliganism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "RESEARCH PAPER: hooliganism"

Download file to see previous pages It has been in picture ever since football was invented in 1879 but, during the war, football was mainly respected, focus was mainly on the game. The crowd problem minimized, but did not disappear. Since the 1960s it has been noticed as a serious problem. It has been noted that, in the 1960s, football hooliganism was moderate in the UK compared to many other European countries.
Who are these “hooligans”? They fall generally in the category of teenagers or in their early 20s, they fall generally in working class or unemployed or working in grey economy, fans often observe and watch each other’s styles, and make fun of those whose costume is not fashionable. Why hooliganism is referred to football? Football is a perfect place to sort out enmity or vengeance. Also, events of bad refereeing on field can create hooligan disturbances but, again, it is difficult to rule out such incidents that lead to hooliganism. Unfortunately, players intervene. At times, it is the media that creates more rivalry than the sport. This aggravates the enmity between the opposing fan groups. Also, media at times create problems between police, local people and fans.
Firstly, football hooliganism mainly focuses on vengeance between fan groups, it may not restrict to just physical fighting but end up with missile throwing, attempts on police, etc. In some countries, police who tries to warn the parties are considered as a legitimate opponent. Secondly, they may not confine only to grounds. Football hooliganism takes place at railway stations, city centres, pubs, etc. They try to do so, so that they are away from police. However, if the hooligans suspect that police have got suspicion on an imminent violence, they try to disperse before the arrival of police. Also, they try to make sure that there are no football journalists present, so that observing and capturing images and, also, identification of people and groups will be difficult.
This unprofessional behaviour in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“RESEARCH PAPER: hooliganism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
RESEARCH PAPER: hooliganism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from
(RESEARCH PAPER: Hooliganism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
RESEARCH PAPER: Hooliganism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words.
“RESEARCH PAPER: Hooliganism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Research Design Research Paper

...? Research Design I.D. Number: Term and Year Research Design Introduction The research topic for this paper is identified within the realm of social ecology. The topic deals with the gravity of the challenges before social ecology in the view of the evolution of different transnational and multicultural communities as a consequence of increased immigration, consumerism, and globalization. The research work will primarily be based on a detailed literature review involving reputed journals and texts. For the purpose of this brief research design, peer reviewed journals like International Sociology, Rural Sociology, Harvard Business Review, etc. have been referenced. Moreover, the basic theory of social ecology is reiterated and briefly...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Football Hooliganism. Causes of Football Hooliganism

... Identity, UK: Routledge 9. Gow, P. & Rockwood, J. (2008), Doing it for the team: Examining the causes of hooliganism in English football. Journal of Qualitative Research in Sports Studies, 2(1), 71-76, available at: (accessed on April 30, 2012) 10. Greenfield, S. & Osborn, G, (2000), Law and Sport in Contemporary Society, Great Britain: Routledge 11. Greenfield, S. & Osborn, G, (2006), Readings in law and popular culture, USA: Routledge 12. King, A, (2001), Violent past: collective memory and football hooliganism. The Sociological Review. p.568, available at: (accessed on April 30, 2012) 13...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Research Paper

As the world continue to apply information technology in various sectors such as banking, education, trade and entertainment, intellectual property issues have become even more complicated. This has led to the formulation of a new set of laws known as cyber laws. Consequently, cyber crimes are defined as any form of malpractice that involves tampering with computer based resources, cyber fraud, cyber based intimidation, and computer hackings are some of the major cyber crimes. These laws are incorporated in the information technology act, 2000. It is difficult to implement intellectual property rights without proper cyber laws and legislation. Intellectual property Patents A patent is a legal document that is issued by the federa...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Research paper

...? Research Paper Part Each is to turn in a one page paper describing what they feel is the single most pressing issue in their organization or former organization that needs to be researched. The paper will describe the problem and the purpose of the study. (One page) Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), can develop when an individual undergoes a horrifying ordeal or lives for a prolonged period of time under the threat of physical harm. Soldiers who acquire PTSD tend to lose interest in their hobbies and become emotionally detached towards their loved ones. They may also re-live the terrifying situations they underwent even years after the actual incidence took place. There are many veterans who return from wars in which they were...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Marketing Research Research Paper

... such as validity and credibility of the responses of the respondents. However, the main aim of this paper is to gather only specific responses that do not need further explanations. On the other hand, the method on acquiring research materials is limited in terms of quality. Since the appropriate objectives of this study are to explore customer's attitudes towards the online shopping medium of Sainsbury, the following will be the purpose of the focus group discussions: Explain the variety of opinions/perspectives on the said topic of the study. To gather a broad range of local terminologies and expressions used to describe consumer awareness. To discuss the perceptions of the respondents according to the survey results...
28 Pages(7000 words)Research Paper

Football Hooliganism

..... it is a sure-fire sign that the hooligan element is present and that their senseless fury is about to be unleashed"( Chaudhary, 2002).
Though hooliganism in football originated in Britain, it is today by no means isolated to the UK, and is in fact a major source of concern and much sociological and psychological research across Europe and other nations. It is today an accepted fact that hooliganism has had its presence in various countries across the last century, a fact which has been systematically established with concrete evidence:
By now, most students of sports violence recognise the spurious nature of the claim that soccer hooliganism is a "British disease".....In content analyses of media Williams et al. (19...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Research Methods Research Paper

...Research Methods: Statistical Calculations THE OF YOUR SCHOOL OR Research Methods: Statistical Calculations Study Design. This simplified study considers the impact of psychotherapy on bulimic adolescent girls using the standard scoring system of the Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh (BITE)(Henderson & Freeman, 1987, p. 18-24). Group 1 scores represent the final tests from the control group, which received no therapy. Group 2 scores are the final test results for the experimental group. The raw data is shown in the table below, with scores being on a scale of 0 (no bulimic behavior) to 30 (severe bulimic behavior). Prior to the experiment, both groups demonstrated similar scores on the baseline test with a mean of 23.00. Raw Data...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Research paper Research Proposal

...Need Assessment Instrument having difficulties in reading This instrument is meant to collect data from teachers who work with having reading difficulties. 1. How much is your experience of working with students who have learning difficulties 2. What is dyslexia --------------------------------------------------------------------- 3. Diagnostic assessments, interviews with individuals who are familiar with the student (e.g., parents, teachers, counselors, therapists, and tutors) or conducting action research can be helpfulin knowing the reading difficulties of the students Yes No 4. Reading problems result from children's inability to recognize and break up phonemes, the tiny sounds that make up language, and further, to connect those...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Proposal

Attitudes to football hooliganism

 Attitudes to football ‘hooliganism’
Football Hooliganism is not a recent term and was coined during the 1960’s era. Hooligans are often seen and observed as violent and obscene people by the world, but in actual there is more to the defined culture of ‘Hooligans’.
1- Houlihan, Mike. Hooliganism. Indianapolis: Dog Ear Publishing, 2008. Print.
The author Mike has presented his own experience while he has also shared various other stories to highlight the culture and colors of hooliganism. Since, the book has been of great help in determining that hooligans are more than violent and obscene people therefore, ‘Hooligans’ has been of great help as it has presented a detailed summary on the culture and true definition of ho...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Research Paper (Accounting Research paper)

...Accounting research paper [Insert al affiliation] THE FACTS Tim is one of the prominent brokers who specialize in commercial real estate. He transacts on behalf of his clients alongside maintaining his portfolio property. Having specialized in real estate, he buys unimproved land and sale to others with an option of holding it as an investment. In early 2011, Al and Irene approached Tim concerning the piece of land (Moore farm) that was bought some time back at $600000. Tim was unaware that the land was located in a geological flaw. Due to the knowledge, skills and expertise of Irene, who is an architect and Al who is a building contractor, they opted to mitigate the risk by use of their technology. They evaluated the Moore farm... research...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic RESEARCH PAPER: hooliganism for FREE!

Contact Us