Application of the Letter from Birmingham in the War in Syria
Martin Luther Junior wrote the “letter from Birmingham Jail,” while he was detained because of breaking the laws of Alabama that stated how demonstrations would be conducted. …
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Martin Luther and his friend Abernathy Ralph had led demonstrations against laws that promoted the segregation of the black people in America. According to the law, Martin and Abernathy were supposed to get a permit to conduct the demonstrations. However, they failed to get the permit and that led to his arrest (King 34). The church clergy had responded to his arrest on the same day that he was detained in Birmingham prison arguing that both the white and black people should obey the civil laws in the country. Luther wrote the letter with the aim of justifying his disobedience of the law by arguing that it was the unjustness of the law that made him to demonstrate. Luther argues there are just and unjust laws, but the existence of unjust laws anywhere leads to injustice everywhere in the letter (King 36). King’s separation of just and unjust laws may be used in the analysis of the way in Syria and recommend on the actions that should be taken to end the war in the country. Martin argues that a regulation is just when it concurs with the laws of God, which he calls the ethical rules. Unjust laws, on the other hand, are those that are not based on the moral laws of God. Thus, according to King, laws are fair when they are acceptable in the whole society because God’s rules are equal to all citizens despite their race and color (Tiefendbrun 68). This argument aimed at informing the state that the segregation of the black people who lived in the southern parts of Alabama was an unfair act that was against the will of God. The segregation of the black people commonly known as the Negros had been in the country since the eighteenth century when slavery of Africans and Asians was practiced in the western nations (King 25). King also argued that injustice in any part of the country led to unfairness in the whole nation. This meant that the injustice that existed in the southern part of the nation led to the unfairness in all regions of America (Tiefenbrun 70). Luther also meant that the segregation of the black people was a sign of immorality of the whole nation including the whites. This indicated that the white people would be considered as immoral even when they acted fairly in other things in the south and in other regions in the country. This means that even if nations and people conduct themselves in all things except one, they will still be unfair and they will lack development. King demonstrates this by giving the example of how Africa was moving towards independence at a high speed while America was wasting time segregating the black people. The activist argued that Americans were lagging behind by taking the longest time to serve Africans only a cup of coffee (King 79). This meant that the injustice of the laws would cause injustice in the country by slowing down freedom and development like that which Africa and Asia were experiencing at that time. Martin postulates that “the oppressors who are mainly the leaders do not award the minority groups their freedom voluntarily” (King 80) Therefore, he argues that there is need for civil disobedience by the oppressed groups to force the leaders to grant them their moral rights. This argument justified King’s act of disobeying laws by conducting demonstrations instead of negotiating with the leaders. He further justifies himself by pronouncing that he was tired of being asked to wait for negotiations. Luther argued that the word wait had become a synonym of never because he and his fellow Negros had heard it for numerous years before deciding to disobey the law (King 82). Thus, according to Martin, leaders should award their people with justice on time to avoid the disobedience of the law. However, when the leaders fail to create fair regulations, they should be reminded through
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Moreover, being a clergyman he undertook many activities to safeguard the rights of the blacks. The “Letter from Birmingham” is the clear evidence reflecting the active involvement of Luther in protecting the rights of the blacks residing in America. The universal truth of cause and effect is vivid in the context of writing this letter, for he writes this letter with a particular intension.
Name Instructor’s Name Course Date Argumentative Essay: Letter From a Birmingham Jail In the Letter From a Birmingham Jail written by Martin Luther King, Jr. while incarcerated in 1963, as a civil rights advocate, he was promulgating a supposed nonviolent direct action to fight injustices sustained by the African Americans during his time.
King was arrested for taking part in the Birmingham protests. However, it was a non-violent protest carried out by Martin Luther’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference against racial discrimination by Alabama’s city government and downtown retailers as well as the Alabama Christian Movement for civil rights.
This letter this famous preacher wrote in response to the appeal, in which the clergy characterized the activities of black activists as "unreasonable" and the late, criticized activists for organizing demonstrations, spoke approvingly about the city authorities and the police.
The protesters were met with police brutality and several killed. Ben Ali finally gave in and resigned in January, 2011. The protests and similar demonstrations quickly spread to other Arab countries such as Libya, Egypt and Yemen. This wave
Martin Luther King, Jr. is a prominent person in American history due to his achievements in campaigns for justice and equality among races. He was born in 1929 to a Baptist minister at Atlanta, Georgia and was ordained at the age of eighteen. He studied at Morehouse College, went to Boston university and Chicago.
Nevertheless, King forged on with his quest and was instrumental in the achievement of civil rights and liberties for minorities in America, which was their birthright as citizens of the country. All the same, King went through various ordeals ranging from spending time in jail and various assassinations attempts.
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