Running head: Bullying in Schools Bullying in Schools Bullying in Schools What is bullying? Bullying is an undesirable behavior but is seen in schools a lot. Around 15% and 30% of students are bullies or victims (Cohn & Canter, 2003)…
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Although there is no universal definition of bullying it is widely thought to be a negative behavior which reflects aggressiveness through which the person intends to harm and hurt the victim. Farrington (1993), an English criminologist, defined bullying as: “Repeated oppression, psychological or physical, of a less powerful person by a more powerful person.” This, however, is the definition of when the bully is an individual although it is very often seen that bullying is also done in groups. Thus, for that purpose a more fitted and revised definition could be: Bullying is repeated oppression, psychological or physical, of a less powerful person by a more powerful or group of persons (Rigby, 2007, p. 15). The bully keeps on acting that way and the victim is helpless in that that he cannot defend himself from the bully (Olweus, 1999). Concisely, bullying can be referred to as the “systematic abuse of power”. And here power does not necessarily refer to physical strength, but it could also be emotional or mental. For instance, a bully may have a more powerful personality, might be mentally tougher, have ambition and be insensitive. Bullying may happen in several contexts, such as childhood as well as adulthood. Nevertheless, bullying has been, and still is, most associated with schools. Bullying could be conducted by a group or by one person alone. Normally it is supposed that bullying occurs between students; however, it is possible for there to be a teacher-pupil and pupil-teacher bullying too. The general idea of bullying is also that it involves beating and physical violence – the larger and older child hurting the weaker one – but again, there also exists verbal bullying, wherein the bully teases and hurls verbal abuses at his victim; indirect bullying in which the bully socially manipulates the victim and uses him for attacks within the class; and relational bullying which refers to disrupting peace between peers and harming their relationship. This could be done by talking bad about others, spreading rumors, and socially excluding people. A more recent form has been cyberbullying – bullying others over the internet (Smith, 2013). It is about time that bullying is addressed and reduced. It is an intolerable behavior due to the way the powerless victim is physically, verbally or psychologically oppressed by the bully and for no rhyme or reason. Bullying among adults is not tolerated – we also raise voice against domestic abuse between a husband and his wife, and between the parents and their children. However, school bullying has not been addressed to the same extent (Rigby, 2007). How children become bullies “When you really take a close look at bullying, it's happening with kids who feel the need to be aggressive after being treated in an aggressive manner themselves… They're the kids who may be suffering from abuse or from just not having their needs met at school or at home” - Paul Quinlan (Hopson, 2002). According to Quinlan 2-16% of the below-18 age group bullies each other. Here a very important factor to probe into is how a child becomes a bully. That is the root cause of the problem and therefore it needs to be understood in order to solve the issue. More often than not, children dealing with difficult situations at home end up bullying others to regain the lost self-esteem and feel important and worthy. Such situations could be fights between their parents, financial problems, a drunkard parent who abuses them, and so on. Many times the bully
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Studies show that 25-35% of teens encountered some type of bullying in their lifetime (Nansel et al, 2001). Some take it really well and laugh it off like it never happened but others consider bullying their disrespect,specially those who want to take revenge but they know they'll fail.
Since gays and lesbians do not fit the conventional gender categories of society, they too are the main targets of bullying. These students are often subjected to name calling, including derogatory labels like, “homo” and “faggot.” These students often feel threatened, and as a result, their fears cause them to carry guns or other weapons to school (Safe Schools Coalition, p.
This conduct may be in the form of criticism, isolation and fault-finding, being shouted at, excessive monitoring, humiliation, exclusion, and invalid warnings among many others. Perpetrators of bullying in the work place venture their conduct in a repeated pattern of incidents that are intended to offend, intimidate, humiliate or degrade a person or persons.
For example, there is a federal law by the name New York State Human Rights Law which is enforced by the New York State Division of Human Rights that accepts, investigates and resolves any complaint that may be bordering on discrimination. These law stresses what constitutes unlawful employment policies that are discriminatory especially in terms of hiring, firing and the terms and conditions of employment.
The prevalence rate of bullying has gone up in many social circles as it is seen as normal in everyday society. In institutions, many consider it a rite of passage as students are initiated into society by their peers after going through different sorts of bullying.
et al 374). Most causative agents of such a behavior include substance abuse, anxiety, peer influence, discrimination and depression among other factors (Smokowski & Kopasz 107). Bullying has registered long term effects
There are different classifications of bullying, but any behavior that makes another person feel intimidated or embarrassed and which is seen as fun by perpetrators can be considered as bullying. As a result, bullying can occur in any
Victims of bullying are faced with taunting, harassment, and humiliation. Bullying is a type of aggressive conduct that is not only in schools but everywhere (Sanders, 2004). The increased incidence of bullying drove me to conduct an
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