GM Foods GM Foods Introduction The area of research was food for the new final paper and it was settled on genetically modified food out of all the other categories described in detail by Brooke Rollins and Lee Bauknight in ‘Food’(p.87). The project deals with the different aspects of genetically modified food, its benefits and impacts all over the world…
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It also describes that how the overall process is conducted. The following write up describes the different pros and cons of genetically engineered food products along with the technologies used for the formation of the same. We also witness that how the pioneer company of genetically modified food production called Monsanto effects the market globally though the consequences are not always positive (Marie- Monique Robin in The World According to Monsanto, p.46). It will be noted that the difference in the response of the developed and the developing countries towards these advancements by mainly focusing on US, which provides the largest market for GM food products, and China, which is still a developed country. It will also be studied that the arrival and establishment of Monsanto in China and the overall responses of the country to Monsanto and all the other multinational companies as such (Michael Moss in The Extraordinary Science of Addictive Junk Food, p.129). Other books consulted for this proposal include Getting Real About the High Price of Cheap Food, Story of Stuff, Food essays and Food, Inc. Genetic Engineering : Pros and Cons There are certain limitations to traditional breeding processes. It takes almost a decade to produce plant with the desired traits. Genetic engineering makes this process much faster as well as effective in the most precise way possible. This is done by separating the desired gene from the plant and inserting it directly into the DNA of the other plant by different electrical and chemical processes (John L Seitz, p.49). Genetic modification has broken the natural existing boundaries between different species. For example a frog and a mango can never breed naturally. But genetic modification can make this possible by inserting the genes of frog into the DNA of mango plant creating a new organism. Genetic modification is not only possible for plants and animals but also for humans (Michael Moss, p.125). Many biotechnology companies suggest that genetic engineering is the modification of same breeding process which has been used by the farmers since thousands of years. Plants and animals of different species have crossbred to create new species signifying that gene manipulation is completely natural. The only difference is that nature takes millions of years where as genetics can accomplish the same results in months. Long term effects of environment on genetically modified organisms are yet to be studied deeply (Michael Pollan, p.38). It is claimed that genetically modified crops provide a higher yield to the farmers in comparison to the conventional crop. GM crops are more economical as well. Genetic modification in the crops increases their resistance reducing the expense on herbicides and consequently decreasing the cost per acre (Francis Harris, p.165). However, farmers are required to purchase genetically modified seeds each year due to technology agreements adding to their expenses. Some critics claim that GM crops might cause damage to small scale farmers as they will become indentured to agribusiness companies (Michael Moss, p.129). As a result cost per acre will also increase along with the yield. There are no issues regarding the safety of the food items already present in the market. But this does not mean that they are completely safe. Biotechnology advocates that there are no reasons for concern when
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“Food, GM Foods, Monsanto (with China Maybe) Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1474978-food-gm-foods-monsanto-with-china-maybe.
Many countries allow the farming and sale of such products for human consumption, others only for animal consumption, but many others prohibit the sale entirely, citing dangers of a “young science” that may not be fully prepared for the consumer market (Forman, 2009).
In its efforts to achieve this, the company has invested in a lot of research and biotechnological projects aimed at developing crop varieties are highly yielding yet they use less of the key resources, and are drought and disease resistant. Products The company focuses on three major types of products.
According to Evenson and Santaniello (2004), during 2003, around 167 million acres (67.7 million hectares) developed via 7 million farmers in 18 countries were planted with Genetic Modified crops, the major ones being herbicide- and insecticide - opposing soybeans, corn, cotton, and canola.
The enhancement of the above mentioned traits was earlier done through breeding, but conventional plant breeding methods are often inaccurate and time consuming. (Whitman, 2000)
GM foods can be directly or indirectly consumed by humans or animals. Genetically modified foods are basically genetically engineered foods.
But the autonomy given to the various divisions was resulting in the duplication of resources and increase in costs. Therefore, GM shifted to the multibusiness model 'Related Diversification'. Although the implementation of such a multibusiness model calls for a high integration among the departments but the sharing of resources like the car design and production decisions resulted in benefits.
f the biotechnology industry to offer improved agricultural technologies to the industry’s basic customers, who are the farmers and citizens in the industrial world. They are possibly beneficial to the developing-world citizens and the biotech industry, who are the producers.
The significance of the issue follows the high number of people facing hunger despite many plans by various governmental and international organizations to curb the problem. Today, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAO
It also argues for allergic and immune responses with unpredicted responses and reproductive problems as other negative effects of GM foods. Thus, this would be a useful article in providing information on criticisms of GM foods as posing health risks
They indicate the health implications, which may result from consumption of these foods. Genetically modified foods come from molecular biology procedures. Experts argue that biological procedures are time consuming and
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