Human Cloning" Introduction Human cloning is the process of generating a genetically indistinguishable replica of an individual. Cloning is the process that is not related with the reproduction but is encompasses creation of a human using asexual means. Cloning is well accepted in the scientific communities but it enfolds ethical controversies too…
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Besides therapeutic and reproductive cloning another category of cloning called the replacement cloning is also gaining prevalence. Replacement cloning is an amalgamation of therapeutic as well as reproductive cloning. The term gained prominence as it involves comprehensively injured, abortive, or weakening body, and replacement of the whole or partial organ or part of the body. The present article discusses the pros and cons of human cloning while extracting attention to understand the significance of human cloning in the advancement of human civilization. Human cloning is the process of generating a genetically indistinguishable replica of human being. It is a technique of imitating genetic information (Roxanne, 2010). The process is thought to be of therapeutic or reproductive importance. Therapeutic cloning encompasses cloning cells for their exploitation in treating various ailments. On the other hand reproductive cloning generates human clones, this is prohibited in many nations because of ethical concerns. The moral predicament of human cloning lies on the argument either to promote or to impede cloning (Robert, 2001). Numerous molecular techniques are involved in the process of cloning encompassing molecular cloning, reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning (Manninen, 2010). There are numerous controversies associated with the cloning procedures some may favor cloning while others oppose the same. The present thesis discusses various aspects of the cloning as 1. The Cons/ Problems/Dangers and Controversies of Cloning a. Cloning is discouraged by various nations as cloning is against the rule of nature, which is generating humans, nurturing them and paving the way for uncertainties related with the repercussions of science. At present human population has crossed the figure of 7 billion, a huge burden on the planet. Is cloning going to resolve the issue of exponentially increasing human population is a big question imposed by the detractors of human cloning (Gary, 2012). b. Detractors of human cloning have their say about the loss of genetic diversity leading to higher probability and pervasiveness of genetic diseases. Poor adaptability of clones may become detrimental for situations of jeopardy. Inbreeding leads to self-annihilation. c. Cloning is inhumane as it abolish the bond of love and care and is said to be transgressing the nature. The process of cloning highlight that the human or scientists can play the role of Creator or God as cloning is a kind of asexual reproduction, therefore reduces the sense of distinctiveness of a character, lacking uniqueness and freedom. It is also noteworthy to have an insight regarding the amplification in human population and ecological burden on resources and on other surviving species. Growing population is putting pressure on the demands of basic amenities, infrastructures and social set ups; with human cloning, further contribution to disaster cannot be eluded. According to Savulescu (1999), human cloning is accountable to abuse, a person's right to individualism and self-sufficiency and being self is violated, moreover genetic individuality is also lost and human beings are used as a model organism. Cloning also enhances the risk of self safety due to genetic irregularity, cancer and diminished lifespan. 2. Pros/ Advantages of Cloning a. According to
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Human Cloning Name: Instructor: Course: June 14, 2012 Human cloning Introduction Human cloning refers to the use of technology to generate another human being that has the same DNA as another currently or previously existing human being (Human Genome Project Information, 2009, Para.
This was a significant step in the field of science. Animal cloning is today possible due to improved research in science. This led to beginning of research on human cloning. Human cloning has become the subject of discussion in various fields. This debate is expected tao continue until a justifiable compromise is realized.
Is it safe? Although there are different arguments for and against this practice, this paper argues against it on the ground that it interferes with the natural order of things, it has not been proven to be safe, it may lead to the exploitation of the oocytes’ donor.
It is the possibility of human cloning which has captured attention all over the world. The current controversy surrounding animal cloning and the possibility of human cloning does not mark the first time that biological innovation has generated such widespread concern.
Soon after Dolly, legislations and laws were approved that declared human cloning illegal. It was specially criticized by the religious parties and funding for any projects was banned by government officials. The field has a huge potential for further development and can contribute in many sectors.
Although cloning has some advantages, a lot of ethical issues have erupted resulting to major debates on the viability of this biotechnology. There are a lot of unanswered questions which until a time when more and more laboratory tests will prove safe to carry on, should be shelved and not gambled with at the risk of human beings.
The advent of the human cloning technology in the fields of genetics became the hallmark of scientific achievement in the previous and the present century. Although the technology is not yet perfected, many have placed high hopes in this advancement in the field of medicine as cloning could be used to treat genetically related diseases.
This implies that such treatments are not always a solution or answer to barrenness because it is only a very small percentage of people that benefits by using them. Unlike human cloning the other current
The author states that cloning is discouraged by various nations as cloning is against the rule of nature, which is generating humans, nurturing them and paving the way for uncertainties related with the repercussions of science. At present human population has crossed the figure of 7 billion, a huge burden on the planet.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
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