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Food Security in the Developed and the Developing Worlds: A Contrast - Essay Example

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Food Security in the Developed and Developing Worlds: A Contrast I. Introduction As the world population marches to 8 billion people, food security is an important concern both in the local and in the global arenas. The official United Nation definition of food security is that it means the “availability of adequate world food supplies of basic foodstuffs to sustain a steady expansion of food consumption and to offset fluctuations in production and prices” (Food and Agricultural Organizations of the United Nations, 2003, p…
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Food Security in the Developed and the Developing Worlds: A Contrast

Download file to see previous pages... Josling (2010) noticed this point when he said that “food policies in industrialized countries may also have somewhat negative impact on developing economies.” The OECD website in http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/ revealed that there is “no established convention for the designation of ‘developed” and ‘developing’ countries” but Todaro and Smith (2006, p. 810) pointed out that the developing countries are the “present countries of Asia, Africa, the Middle East, Latin America, Eastern Europe, and the former Soviet Union, mainly characterised by low levels of living, high rates of population growth, low income per capita, and general economic and technological dependence on developed economies.” It is important to identify how food security is being addressed in developed countries versus how it is addressed in developing countries so we can define the starting points through which the international community can develop a unified strategy in addressing food security. We must develop a unified world food security strategy that is congruent or consistent with country specific conditions and whose content is compatible with country specific interests. Josling (2010) pointed out that “food assistance programs in industrialized countries have marginally disadvantaged consumers in other countries.” Further, “food and safety regulations seem to be biased against developing country imports” (Josling, 2010). At minimum, Josling’s statements indicate that the food security strategies adopted by countries are not in harmony with each other’s policies. It is important to address the issue of food security because it involves the right to food. Meanwhile, the right to food has four complementary components---food availability, food accessibility, food adequacy, and sustainable food system (UN Mission to the People’s Republic of China, 2010, p. 1). II. Food Security in Developing and Developed Countries Food security in developing and developed countries can be contrasted on at least four aspects. First, developed countries generally address food security through large-scale agricultural and industrial production while developing countries address food security through small and scattered production systems. The latter constitutes what Todaro and Smith (2006, pp. 430-439) described as latifundio or mini-fundio agricultural economies in the developing world. The latifundio or mini-fundio economies are characterized by fragmented agricultural production side-by-side with large tracts on land for agriculture using primitive or semi-primitive agricultural tools. Second, developed countries address food security by integrating its economy with the world market while small and independent producers in many developing countries or a large section of producers in developing countries attempt to realize food security through small, independent, and self-reliant production systems. For instance, one main feature of the so-called “’new farm’ and food policies of industrial countries” is the “removal of governments from management of commodity markets” (Josling, 2010, slide 5). Third, notwithstanding the earlier point, developed economies are ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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