Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Women in Mathematics, Science & Engineering - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Generally, the field of Mathematics, science and Physics was closed to women for a very long time. However there has been treamendous improvement in terms of participation and contributions of women to the field in the twentieth century…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.7% of users find it useful
Women in Mathematics, Science & Engineering
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Women in Mathematics, Science & Engineering"

Download file to see previous pages Lewis (2011) documents 10 women who have made contributions to the field of mathematics for as early as 355 AD. These women include Hypatia of Alexandria (370 – 415 AD), a Greek philosopher, astronomer, mathematician, Elena Cornaro Piscopia (1646-1684) an Italian mathematician, theologian and Composer, Maria Agnesi (1718-1799) an Italian claimed to be the first woman university of mathematics. Others include,Sophie Germain (1776-1830) a French mathematician, Mary Fairfax Somerville (1780-1872) a Scottish and British mathematician also known as "Queen of Nineteenth Century Science," Ada Lovelace (1815-1852) a whose the Ada computer language after, Charlotte Angas Scott(1848-1931) an English, American mathematician and educator, Sofia Kovalevskaya (1850-1891) a Russian mathematician, Alicia Stott (1860-1940) an English mathematician and Amalie Emmy Noether (1882-1935) a German, Jewish, American mathematician (Etzkowitz, Kemelgor and Uzzi 45-100). Notably there are a number of women who have participated and made considerable contridutions in the field of sciences as early as the medieval age. Trotula di Ruggiero was the chair at the Medical School of Salerno in the 11th century. She has been credited in influential texts in obstetrics and gynecology (Leigh 65-80). Dorotea Bucca was also the chair of philosophy and medicine at the University of Bologna from 1390. Other women physicians from Italy included Abella, Jacobina Felicie, Alessandra Giliani, Rebecca de Guarna, Margarita, Mercuriade, Constance Calenda, and Calrice di Durisio among others. The participation and contribution of these Italian women physician was attributed to the liberal approach of the Italian Universities. Other notable achievements by women in science and physics in the nineteenth century include Florence Nightingale credited in pioneering nursing as a discipline; she was also a pioneer in public health and a statistician. Elizabeth Garrett Anderson was the first British woman with medical 1865. In America it was Elizabeth Blackwell. Astronomical photography was also pioneered by Annie Scott Dill Maunder. In the 20th century women notables in science include Marie Curie a Nobel price winner in Physics in 1903 (physics), and chemistry in 1911. In 1939, Lise Meitner credited for pioneering nuclear fission. Margaret Fountaine has made significant contributions in botany and entomology (Leigh 65-80). An analysis of female Nobel Prize laureates’ shows out of the fourty one women who have won the prestigious award between 1901 and 2010, sixteen of them have been in the field physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine (Ruth 100-150). Despite the above success stories there are several challenges that have inhibited women from pursuing Sciences and Mathematics. They include stereotypes, cultural practices, social prejudices, preferences and tastes, family orientation, the church etc. For instance St Thomas Aquinas was of the view that women were incapable of holding positions of authority, some cultures discourage women from participation in fields and activities regarded to as manly, some prejudices that a female is a weaker sex thus cannot comprehend technical aspects of science, there are workplace discrimination based on gender etc. (Ruth 100-150). 2.0 Challenges, issues and opportunities The issues of underrepresentation by women in sciences start early. In the US, girls account for athird of the students opting for physics at the high-school level. Those who secure placement in computer ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Women in Mathematics, Science & Engineering Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Women in Mathematics, Science & Engineering Essay)
“Women in Mathematics, Science & Engineering Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Women in Mathematics, Science & Engineering

Conflict Between Science and Religion

When the Copernican theory of planetary motion became well known in 1543 through the publication of his book, De revolutionibus, the geocentric model of the universe as implied in the Bible received a great setback. There were also questions raised about the notion that God created the earth and universe in seven days. The scriptures also speak in a plain manner that the earth is stationary, but science proved that the earth was rotating around the sun. To reconcile science and religion became a Herculean task for the faithful and several approaches were adopted to find out a coherent explanation.
“Grant us space from our meditations on the secret recesses of your law, and do not lock the gate to us as we knock. It is n...
22 Pages(5500 words)Assignment

Traditional Women in the Modern World

It is within the family that many attributes of gender inequality are generated and replicated. Economic and interpersonal dependence on both genders and in various instances more vicious forms of inferiority, are classic elements of marriage and family. Women’s long-established roles leave them with the trouble of widespread domestic and nurturance obligations in addition to limited authority within the family. These trends represent gender inequality within the home and are echoed in the ideology justifying a gender-separated workforce in which women’s earnings and prospects are disproportionate to men’s. While almost every woman has some family bonds to men, by their kinship ties to their fathers and brothers,...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Civil Engineering Job Sector

The main aim of civil engineering is to make the life of man easy by constructing things like roads that will aid in the transportation of goods and services (Blair, 2007).
Civil engineering started to gain recognition in the United Kingdom in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. There was a foundation of very many professional bodies and societies, for example, the Law and Royal Society. Form the late 18th century a group of people, civil engineers, met regularly thus led to the formation of a society of Civil Engineers in the year 1771. The person behind all the success was John Smeaton. It is known as the Smeatonian Society. This further led to a formation of the institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) whose first presiden...
13 Pages(3250 words)Assignment

Women in American Politics: Past and Future Challenges

The official political role of women in the colonial period was not definite at all. Political rights were founded profoundly on ascribed status such as birthrights and on achieved status such as property. Religion also contributed in determining who could and could not play a part in politics. There was no steady and widespread difficulty in the participation of women in political life, yet only a small number of women voted in England and North American colonies, and hardly any women participated in politics to the degree of putting into effect political influence (ibid). In reality, the minority had any public office at all in England, and no women can be recognized as holding elective political office in the colonies.
19 Pages(4750 words)Research Proposal

Building Engineering Services and Analysis of Core Systems

Finally, we will conduct an in-depth analysis of the heating and insulation systems available in modern homes and propose a strategy to optimize the energy consumption and maximize customer comfort.

Building Service Engineers are usually mechanical or electrical engineers, who do not necessarily have a degree in Building Services Engineering. They start contributing to inputs before the building construction commences. Their assessment starts with researching the suitability of the building site for construction and also foreseeing the provisions to connect services to supply lines. Based on this analysis, they conduct discussions with the client, architects and structural engineers to concur on an installation design t...
13 Pages(3250 words)Report

Wicca Women and the Ladies of Islam

“The history of woman is the history of the continued and universal oppression of one sex by the other. The emancipation of woman is her restoration to equal rights and privileges with a man.” - Tennesse Claflin. The distinction between male and female sex has been a common practice in the history of mankind. We don’t know whether this distinction was there during the beginning of human civilization. But in a later period after human civilization female sex was assumed as inferior to the male sex. Naturally many restrictions were imposed on her just because she is physically weaker than the man.

As far as religious practices are concerned, the role of women in Islam and the Wicca religion is very impor...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classroom

When students learn science, they construct meanings and develop understandings in a social context, state Duit & Treagust (1998: 4). Classroom verbal discourse in the form of teacher talk and teacher-student interactions form the basis for most of this meaning-making. Because teacher questions are a frequent component of classroom talk, they play an important role in determining the nature of discourse during science instruction. The cognitive processes that students engage in, as they undertake the process of constructing scientific knowledge, to a large extent depend on the kinds of questions that teachers ask and their way of asking the questions.

Chin (2007: 816) conducted a study to investigate questioning-bas...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Causes of Illegal Drugs Consumption Among Women

...CAUSES OF ILLEGAL DRUGS CONSUMPTION AMONG WOMEN The present research paper aims to find out the situation and circumstances leading the individualstowards illegal drug consumption. The study has been supported by four different researches made on the causes of women indulgence in drug use, which include “Drug Addiction among Females in Lahore” by Mubeen & Sharif (2007), “Perception of Drug Addiction among Turkish University Students” by Cirakoglu & Isin (2005), “Concepts of Chemical Dependency” by Doweiko (2006) and “Biological and Sociological Causes of Perversion” by Zaidi (1999). The study investigates divergent sociological views by making comparison of these researches and concludes that sensational pleasures, domestic turmoil...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Organisations in the Engineering and Technology Environment: Singapore Airlines

In those days, just three flights per week, to Kuala Lumpur, Ipoh, and Penang, were all that the people in Singapore were privileged to. There were very fast developments in the situation in a span of two decades. During this period, Singapore’s Kallang Airport gained international exposure and started making huge additions to its fleet. Soon after the birth of the Federation of Malaysia on February 1963, the Malayan Airlines came to be known as the Malaysian Airlines, and in 1966, it was renamed the Malaysian-Singapore Airlines. But, in 1972, fifteen years from the day it was founded, Singapore Airlines split up with Malaysian Airlines and acquired a separate identity.
This split, however, helped the airlines to take i...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Analysis of Complications - A Surgeon's Notes on an Imperfect Science by Gawande Atul

Medical knowledge consists of three issues. Knowledge gained at the medical college, knowledge gained in the practical field in real-life situations in dealing with the patients and above all the self-confidence of the doctor to put into practice his latent skill. A confident doctor does not hesitate to tell the truth. Atul Gawande (2003) writes “There are surgeons who will see faults everywhere except in themselves. They have no questions and no fears about their abilities. As a result, they learn nothing from their mistakes and know nothing of their limitations.” (p.61)Such a doctor lacks loyalty to the professional ethical principles. A lie told has to be remembered all the times, but truth has no such problems. Gaw...
7 Pages(1750 words)Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Women in Mathematics, Science & Engineering for FREE!

Contact Us