Islam in America I. Introduction Historical data show that several thousands of Muslims migrated to the United States of America, particularly from Ottoman Empire and South Asia between 1880 and 1914. Those immigrated Muslim population did not from separate settlements, but most of them assimilated into the diverse American society…
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In 2005, nearly 96,000 people from various Islamic countries were accepted as legal permanent United States residents. According to a 2009 Gallup poll, American Muslims are identified to be a significant racially diverse religious group in the United States. This paper will discuss the way Muslims are perceived after the World Trade Center attack of 11 September, and the factors that contribute to the numerous issues with regard to stereotyping Muslim community. It will also put forward some thoughts and strategies to address those issues. II. Causes of Stereotyping Muslims A. Radical Muslims and Extremists While analyzing Islamism in a religious, social, and political context, the acts of some of the Islamic extremists seem to be the major cause of stereotyping Muslims. The PBS television program “Jihad in America” and the popular movie “True Lies” depicting the terrorist group “Crimson Jihad” caused the Muslims to get a negative image in the American society (“Struggling against stereotypes”). Recently, the use of the term “Jihad” is found to be the central issue of Muslims stereotyping. According to the Prophet Muhammad, the extreme form of jihad is one’s personal struggle to make himself a better Muslim. On the contrary, today some Islamic extremists link the term “Jihad” to “Holy war”. Evidently, interest groups that intend to preserve their subversive ideas on the strength of religious beliefs negatively affect the Muslim community as a whole. B. 9/11 Attacks According to Ghazali, the September 11 World Trade Center attacks by al-Qaeda, which caused the death of nearly 3000 people turned to be the major cause of Muslims stereotyping in the United States. Although al-Qaeda is not an affiliate of Islam religion, most of the people believe that the whole Muslims had interest behind the attack. The attack raised dreadful socio-economic challenges to the nation, that the government adopted a strict approach toward the Muslim immigration. This shift in governmental stance also placed the Muslim community under suspicion. In addition, the al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden had delivered a set of religious sensitive speeches followed by the attack, which also added to stereotyping Muslims. C. The Media showing Muslims as Terrorists One cannot undermine the role of media in growing Muslim stereotyping since the event of September 11. For instance, newspaper headlines regularly use the words ‘fanatic’, ‘militant’, ‘fundamentalist’, and ‘terrorist’ as next to the terms ‘Islam’ and ‘Muslim’. To illustrate; in 1995, the British newspaper Today (reported by Fatoohi) published heart-touching picture that depicted a fireman carrying burnt remains of a killed infant from the wreckage of a severe explosion. This picture was published along with a sensational headline: “In the name of Islam”. In addition, events such as Saddam Hussein’s wartime rhetoric and World Trade Center Bombing attained enormous media coverage as evidence of “Islamic fundamentalism” (“Struggling against stereotypes”). Media seem to have given intentional coverage to Islamic terrorism while ignoring rebellious activities of other religious groups. And, attacks against Muslim community often go unreported. Edward,
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(Islam, an overview for christians) In the U.S alone Muslims make up over 6-8 million of the population (A brief history of islam in the United states). The American Muslims are free to practice their beliefs but there are many misconceptions about the beliefs and the tenets of Islam.
Islam is the second most popular religion in the world. It trails only Christianity in membership and, along with Judaism and Christianity is one of the Abrahamic religions. Basically, Islam and Christianity are brothers of the father Judaism. Islam should be familiar to both of the other religions in its family.
Islam is facing stiff criticism from some parts of the world at present because of its reluctance in changing or modifying some of its adamant beliefs, customs and traditions. There are many people who argue that Islamic fundamentalism is the major reason behind most of the terrorist’s activities and political and civil unrest in the world.
Islam is based on the concept of submission to Allah and accepting his supremacy over all and believing in the Holy Prophet and the Holy Quran. One becomes a Muslim by reciting the Shahadah declaring his submission to Allah and accepting the Muhammad is the prophet.
The spread and defense of Islam through hijra or emigration, coupled with jihad has evolved from the early community of Muslims. When Muhammed and his companions underwent continued persecution in Mecca, they emigrated to Medina which was earlier known as Yathrib.
worked to distribute aid to survivors of that earthquake (Sidel 274). The MMI initiated its work from the ?Iskandar Muda Air force base in Banda Aceh city under the leadership of Abu Bakar Bashir. ?The activists having links with Bashir followed him not only on political grounds but also joined ?
It is the motto by which America has stood since it first opened Ellis Island to the Jewish and other European immigrants after the events of World War II. It was an effective method when it came to assimilating the foreigners into the American lifestyle and culture.
In this respect, almost 1400 years ago, desert of Arabia witnessed birth of a Prophet who within twenty-three years altered the complete formation of the society and people around him. In brief, this Prophet guided the people of Arabia with the revelations
Muslims migrants shifted to America to try their luck for making wealth and start their lives in America. In presence of social and knowledge sufferings Muslims have grown in numbers and maintain their religion Islam’s dignity in
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