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Part one deals with how the American media developed through the ages, with an emphasis on the printed word at first, and then the arrival of the telegraph and radio. These topics are discussed first, in a chronological order, to create a context and fill in the background. Part two looks at modern media, with an emphasis on show business, film and especially television. The structure offers two main arguments: how things have developed first of all, and then what this means for the modern world.
Deborah Tannen’s You Just Don’t Understand is not arranged chronologically, but rather takes a range of different topics on the subject of men’s language and women’s language and deals with them one by one. It starts very generally, with a description of how women and men are socialized in separate spaces, and develop different techniques. The key phrase “Asymmetry” is introduced (chapter 2) and defined as the gap between the sexes. In the middle chapters more specific topics such as interruptions, and gossip are discussed, and then last chapter (chapter 10) revisits the idea of asymmetry and the author describes what to do about this mis-match, namely to open up lines of communication that both men and women can understand. An afterword written ten years after the first publication reports how successful the book was, and answers some questions which readers and critics have raised. The thematic structure suggests that the subject is being treated as a collection of observations rather than a single line of argument. It allows the author to range freely over many details. Question 2 Postman relies on the earlier ideas of media and culture scholar Marshall McLuhan and notes that “the clearest way to see through a culture is to attend to its tools for conversation.” (Postman: 1985, p. 8) From this basic observation he moves to a close examination of American discourse, looking at cultural phenomena like Las Vegas, with its focus on high risk and materialism, and the medium of television which offers unintelligent and repetitive material to keep citizens quietly consuming its hidden messages. A key issue for Postman is that dictatorship need not be obvious and violent, like a fascist regime which dominates people’s lives with physical deprivation and misery. A dictatorship can be subtle and deceptive, and television is just such a force. It is not just the message that the media offer, nor even just the medium of presentation that is important, but also the far reaching implications of both of these things together as they impact upon passive viewers. The argument is very convincing because it sums up the commercialization and “dumbing down” of television in the 1980s and 1990s and points out a number of dangers which most people have not been aware of. Deborah Tannen’s book makes many statements about the different ways that men and women use language, and explains that this is often at the root of difficulties which couples have in their relationship. Her argument is based on the discipline of linguistics, and she uses linguistic terminology in quite a technical way, explaining how these features work, and what they imply about male and female gender behaviors. A big feature of the book is its insistence that male and female styles are both equally valid: “Throughout this book, and throughout my work, I take a no-fault approach” (Tannen, 2001, p. 301) This is a laudable aim, but unfortunately the book does not always stick to it, and there is more than a touch of pro-feminist argumentation, for example in chapter on “dominance and control,” which refers to other research but without clear indication of sources. There is a lot
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I met this stranger at a diner. I was just sitting alone at a booth of a diner that I frequented, waiting for my friends to arrive and join me. The diner was filled to capacity, and in walked this tattered looking man. He was tall and thin, and was clad in worn down clothes.
According to Postman, television profoundly affects all aspects of our lives. Some of the things he talks about in his book are religion, politics, and education. Religion is a particularly interesting account, as he thinks that television makes a big change for the worse in the good points of religion, turning it into some kind of money-making scheme or just plain entertainment.
What do you understand by terms marketing and marketing orientation?
Marketing Marketing may be described as a bundle of management skills and resources, often referred to as marketing capabilities. These capabilities allow a business to understand, develop and maintain exchange relationships with individual, groups, organizations in order to reach the objective of the organization.
What do you understand by economic protectionism?
Free trade is restricted with the help of various import duties, tariffs and also quantitative restrictions known as quotas. Implementation of such policy is for giving an opportunity to the domestic industries so that they can grow up in terms of efficiency and compete at the international level with their foreign counterparts.
Death penalty has raised eyebrows, and the major question is that, is it illegal/legal or is it justified as a punishment. It is not only demoralizing, but it is morally wrong and inhuman as it takes the same steps as to which the offense is being accused of and is facing charges for.
What do you understand by ‘development’, and is the alleviation of poverty the essential prerequisite for development to take place?
“Poverty is one of the main problems which have attracted attention of sociologists and economists. It indicates a condition in which a person fails to maintain a living standard adequate for his physical and mental efficiency”.
Being a professional nurse means living to the standards and ethics of nurses and midwives (Davison and Williams 2009, p. 16-17). It is not the qualities that one acquires to become a nurse but it is about the inherent quality that one was born with that makes him or her great nurse or a professional.
is claims, is that “form excludes the content” meaning that a certain entertainment medium can only support a particular level of opinions (Riley 18). This weakness makes politics and religion to be forgotten and daily news becomes a wrap up commodity. Television
Therefore, the means of communicating ideas took the form of speech, writing and televising (Postman, 1985). Indeed, the different methods of presenting ideas had exclusive impacts to the audiences. In this case, they would
To begin with, one should note that the book was originally published in 1985 when the interest towards George Orwell’s 1984 was at its peak. In spite of the fact that Postman acknowledged the fact that the future truly holds some
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