The review “Formal Systematic Learning versus Informal Learning” states that the root of any formal learning is always informal learning. The author displays a shortcoming of formal learning and significance of informal schooling citing the cognitivism and behaviorist theories…
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A literature review of three theories of learning i.e. Behaviourism, Cognitivism, and Experiential theory of learning. Then I discuss the present scenario and view about these two forms of learning, adding my opinion which I gain through the study of the three theories. In the end, I conclude that a formal systematic way of learning is less important than informal learning, as the excellence which a student achieves informal learning is somehow dependent on his informal learning.
Learning - “comprises of a mixture of knowledge, skills, and abilities, all of which is pretty obvious, but it also refers to attitudes and behaviors which are not so readily thought of as learning.” It is an activity intrinsic to man, a man is given the power to think, to rationalize, to create and re-create, to build, to theorize, etc. Having been a natural part of man’s growth and development, learning comes to man without realising that indeed he/she is actually learning, especially so that traditionally, learning is equated with schooling.
Accordingly, with the rapid progress of Information Technology, learning is now evidently taking place anywhere at any time as it happens during leisure time, as it happens in the workplace, in the home defying the traditional classroom-based learning. These developments have subjected the understanding of learning to a different perspective other than the traditional view
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...? Online LearningVersus Traditional Learning Introduction This paper examines the perceptions about online learning as compared with traditional study systems like the normal classroom learning. The paper draws on the personal experiences of the writer and some elements culled from existing literature. Online Learning Online learning entails undertaking distance learning with the use of electronic means like the Internet. Typically, an online learning system entails the mailing of study materials (e-mail or normal mail) and/or lectures conducted through an electronic media. Assessment in some cases is done online whilst in other cases, students go to a place to sit examinations under supervised conditions. Personally, I find out... , 2006...
...? FORMAL AND INFORMAL TESTING Presented By goes here] To [your goes here] [Your goes here] s name] [Due date of the paper] Formal and Informal Testing Assessment Techniques According to Wortham (2011), assessment of the skills and knowledge of the students holds critical importance among the job responsibilities of a teacher. In order to examine the skills and knowledge of the students, various formal and informal techniques can be used which can provide great help to the teachers. Let us discuss some formal and informal assessment techniques in order to know how they can help teachers assess the...
...sponsored, classroom based, and highly structured” (Marsick and Watson, 1990, p.12). It is systematic and planned. It involves the use of instructions and training programmes that use instructions and practices (Armstrong, 2006). Likewise, it is intentional from the perspective of the learner and it leads to a formal recognition such as diploma or certificate (Pettineti and Renairi, 2006). In addition, formallearning is characterised as distant and it often occurs in non-working places. On the other hand, informallearning is defined as learning that is controlled by the learner. It may not necessarily occur in an...
...?FormalversusInformal Finance Introduction Over the past two years, experts in matters of finance as well as economists have always identified China as a counterexample to the results found in research in the growth and finance literature. This has been the trend in spite of the fact that its banking system is full of weaknesses. Everybody agrees that it is among the fastest growing economies in the world. Scholars mention the growth rate of the private sector in China as evidence that it provides an alternative support to the country’s economic growth through financing and governance mechanisms (Chan, 2007, P. 18). This discourse delves into the firm financing patterns and growth in...
...that most people think of as 'training' it is the easiest phase to perform. The material written during the development phase is used to implement the decisions made in the preceding phase of design. The informationlearned about the job is typically used in the analysis phase during implementation (Kenney & Reid, 1994).
In the evaluation phase evaluation of learning outcomes must be carried out. Although this phase is listed as the last fifth element of the systematic approach in learning and development, evaluation is carried out before, during and after implementation of training programmes. The evaluations help organisations measure...
...of attention. For the reason that there is no face-to-face interaction with the teacher, on-line learning gives more control to the learner and less to the educator. We are moving from a mode where the institution is in charge and provides context, to the mode where the learner is in charge and offers the context.
Despite the fact that most learning occurs outside the classroom, most of one's time spent as a student has probably been in a "traditional" classroom. Traditional classroom learning is more often than not focused on the teacher. Information tends to flow from instructor to students, and therefore can be more passive for students. This is often represented by...
...On Equal Footing: Importance of FormalSystematicLearning and InformalLearning in the Workplace
The objective of this paper is to discuss the unnecessary polarization suggested between formal and informallearning in the workplace; specifically, formalsystematiclearning and informallearning are of equal importance in the workplace learning process. There is a need to discover ways of theorizing and understanding learning in organizations which do not disparage either...
...Distance Learningversus room Instruction The objective of the paper is to provide a critique of an article that provides research and studies on the subject of determining which was better to use distance learning or classroom instruction. The paper would describe what was read in the article and to present a critique using these questions, to wit: (1) what is your overall impression of this article? (2) To determine whether a good reason (rationale) is provided for doing the study. (3) Do the author[s] make a compelling case for why this research was necessary? (4) Did they review other studies, indicate strengths or gaps in the research? (5) How clear were the results? Was the data...
A Critical Review of Formal and Informal Organisations
Formal and Informal Organisations
From a theoretical stand point, it is obviously useful to depict elements of organizational designs as either formal or informal. Nevertheless, in reality, all organizations respond to conditions and economic situations in diverse ways. It is still useful to acknowledge that organizations are primarily designed as formal or informal according to the typologies of objectives and economic circumstances. Health and social...
...2009, p. 2), defying the traditional classroom-based learning. These developments have subjected the understanding of learning to a different perspective other than the traditional view.
So before going into finding out why is formalsystematiclearning less important than informallearning, it would be wise to define first what learning is. Is it a product or a process? Is it always intentional or could it also be accidental? A good look at some learning theories would help us be illuminated on this matter.
In the ‘60s and ‘70s, learning is...
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