However, in this age of linguistic and cultural diversity, teachers should be able to greatly facilitate this process for many weary dual-language learners. National Association for the Education of Young Children…
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It is claimed by Goldenberg (2008) that a very intimidating situation is encountered by millions of American students who do not speak English as fluently as is expected by their teachers. Majority of English language learners (ELLs) are Spanish speakers which is an important factor to be considered by teachers. Academic achievement of ELLs is quite low in comparison to other students because teachers still do not fully appreciate the intricate nature and depth of this issue. Goldenberg (2008) implies that language development can be assisted by giving ELLs quality language development instruction.
It is implied by Passe (2012) that careful planning is essential to support language development in this age of diversity. A step-by-step guidance is provided by Passe (2012) to help a large number of early school American teachers. It is suggested that instead of feeling defeated or overwhelmed, strict adherence to the plan by classroom educators is crucially valuable. As identified by NAEYC, Passe (2012) also believes that taking greater interest in the cultural backgrounds and families of ELLs is very important. Passes’s plan can help to engage the families and devise a thorough curriculum.
National Association for the Education of Young Children. (2009). Where we STAND on responding to linguistic and cultural diversity. Retrieved from
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I had to improve my English while continuing with my other studies. I found this difficult at first because I did not have the necessary level of English to understand or interact in my other studies, later, however, I found that being immersed in English that was relevant and necessary for me helped my language learning processes.
pulation and sample 53 Qualitative Population and sample 54 Research Instrument 55 Secondary Research 55 Interview 58 Types of research format 62 Structured format 62 Semi-structured format: 63 Unstructured format 63 Survey 64 Likert Scale 66 Data gathering procedure 68 Quantitative data gathering 69 Qualitative data gathering 71 Secondary data gathering 71 Online Interview data gathering 72 Statistical Treatment of data 74 Ethical Concern 76 Secondary Analysis and Discussion: 78 Secondary analysis 78 Discussion: 83 Results and Analysis 97 Questionnaire Analysis: 97 Analysis of the Interviews: 122 Conclusion and Recommendations: 130 Summary of Findings: 130 Limitations 133 Recommendations for
Second language is known as a language which is learnt apart from the mother or first language. For example, French is a second language for Americans and English is a second language for French people. Learning a second language involves a lot of efforts and endeavors.
It functions automatically. In contrast, the learned system is built via formal instruction, and involves conscious knowledge for the grammar rules. According to Krashen, these two systems operate independently, thus knowledge from one system cannot cross-over to the other.
This shows in national and state surveys indicating that ethnic and racial minority children are the most at-risk group in social institutions, with the most significant academic underachievement, high poverty rates, high teen pregnancy rates, low skill levels, and low-paying employment opportunities.
The scope of this paper is limited to a particular teacher teaching a specific course in a constant environment. Since a lot of factors including the nature, style and background of teacher and students matter, this case shouldn't be seen as a case for all scenarios.
The quotation by Slobin indicates language has been a system for those who despite being destitute are able to grasp language just like the way a socially privileged child learns. Though this child learns the language as a resource, to which Chomsky indicates that those who follow him are subjected to learn the central characteristic of language.
Lambert advocates that dual-language programs are the most advantageous alternatives currently available, to resolve problems caused by the unusual and widespread dichotomy between foreign language and bilingual education in the American schools. The main objective of a second language instruction is to assimilate the people with the natives.
In explaining this, we will consider some language theories presented by Lightbown and Spada, which concentrated on apprentices’ innate capacity while others emphasize the role of environment and social context (Lightbown, & Spada, 2012). Besides,
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