Instructional Setting: regular classroom setting, students are grouped for the activities. 25 students in class; eighty percent students are English Language Learners, predominately Hispanic, low income, at-risk students. …
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Activities in the lesson plan are already aligned with principles of Cognitivism. Cognitivism is concerned about making students fully understand the concepts (Casas, 2011). Contrary to Behaviorism, which relies on memorization for mastery of the subject (Arizona State University), Cognitivism relies on higher thinking skills such as analysis, synthesis and evaluation. Therefore, to incorporate principles of Cognitivism in the current lesson, one should focus on making students use higher thinking skills in mastering the concepts that will be taught. The first means of instruction is to use visual and verbal content at the same time. It entails the use of visual aids in the explanation of the story to better facilitate expedient learning on the students. The use of pictures is important because it appeals to the visual sense of the students. It is not enough to just mention Mississippi to engage students. Pictures will aid in making them imagine what they can find in the setting of the story. Also, instead of making students read the story right away, it will help students to understand the story more if the teacher presents vocabulary words used in the story. The short story makes use of the setting to highlight the theme. Therefore, for the main task, students are assigned to construct the timeline of the story. In making the timeline, they are expected to base their work on the events of the story. Making the timeline will challenge their analytical skills as they cut out Grandma Phoenix’s trail. Likewise, the visuals they will make will help to strengthen their knowledge of the plot, hence lead them to a deeper understanding of the story.
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In an argument by Leonard (2002) different people have different ways in which they find learning comfortable and appropriate. The author also points out that tutors and instructors should be able to develop curriculums that cater to the needs of the students in terms of learning styles they use while passing out information (Merriam, 2007).
Often philosophical understanding plays a greater role in teaching practices than any theoretical beliefs. Nevertheless, learning theories are central to the instructional process in education. I believe that learning environments are quite complex and involve diverse learners.
Simulation, the method of imitating an actual thing, state of affairs, or procedure, has been widely applied in civilian and military training today. At a time when pilot training was one of the crucial training needs of the Western armed forces and the civilian aviation, flight simulator training was applied in aviation training which is connected to the influential theories of learning.
The process of learning encompasses “cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences and experiences” in order to enhance “one’s knowledge, skills, values, and world views” (Learning Theory 2009). The main objective of learning theories is to provide a conceptual framework that explains the complex process of learning.
Behavioral theory of learning deal with behavior transformation of students, cognitive theory of learning deals with brain knowledge while constructivist theory of learning deal with practical acquirement of knowledge by the students. All the theories are
Learning theories have been helpful to educators for ages and they still extend the much needed help to the modern teachers. Theories may sometimes be proven to be ineffective however they still serve as basis for what one would indulge in his/her way of instruction. Behaviorism, one of the theories of learning, is the study of behaviors.
Studies also involved experimental techniques such as a comparison of groups or control of groups. Later on, attitude building theories approached the ideas of attitude from the behaviorist point of view, and most
This stress that a person’s actions depends on the way he or she perceives the social situation. Social cognitive researcher attempt to explain how people feel, what people they are, what they aspire and so on.
grow, develops, as well as give objections resulting from adopts rationality and other frameworks in the process of understanding different aspects of life. This particular perspective attempts to come up with a better understanding as well as developing explanations pertaining
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